Philippine Legion of Honor


Philippine Legion of Honor

Infobox Military Award
name=Philippine Legion of Honor


caption=
awarded_by=the Republic of the Philippines
type=Single Grade Neck Order/Sash/Medal
eligibility=Military Personnel, Diplomats, Heads of States & Government
for=Meritorious & Valuable Service
campaign=
status=Currently Awarded
description=
clasps=
established=1947
first_award=1947
last_award=Ongoing
total=
posthumous=
recipients=
individual=
higher=civilian: Quezon Service Cross military: Gold Cross
same= civilian Order of Lakandula, Order of Sikatuna; foreign: Legion of Merit
lower= civilian: Order of National Artists, Order of Social Scientists, Order of National Scientists military: Outstanding Achievement Medal
related=Legion of Merit


caption2=Service Ribbons: A.)Degree of Chief Commander B.)Degree of Commander C.) Degree of Officer D.) Degree of Legionnaire
The Philippine Legion of Honor was established by President Manuel Roxas, through Philippine Army Circular No. 60 dated July 3, 1947. The Philippine Legion of Honor was patterned after the Legion of Merit of the United States of America, and was meant to honor both civilians and members of the military, Filipino or foreign. Originally, like the U.S. Legion of Merit, the Philippine Legion of Honor only had four classes, known as Degrees, with Legionnaire being the basic rank, and Chief Commander being the highest. With the reform of the Philippine system of orders and decorations in 2003, the Philippine Legion of Honor's classes were renamed "ranks" instead of "degrees," and the ranks expanded.

Criteria

Today, the Philippine Legion of Honor is conferred upon a Filipino or foreign citizen in recognition of valuable and meritorious service in relation to the military affairs of the Republic of the Philippines. It is thus the primary order of military merit of the Republic of the Philippines.

To signify the importance of the civil service in military affairs in the preservation of the honor of the Republic of the Philippines and in nation building, the Philippine Legion of Honor is conferred on the anniversary of the declaration of Philippine Independence.

The Philippine Legion of Honor may be awarded by the Secretary of National Defense in the name and by authority of the President of the Philippines.

Ranks

The civilian division of the Philippine Legion of Honor is composed of the following ranks:

*Chief Commander (Punong Komandante) - Conferred upon a civilian for life achievement in public service not otherwise qualifying for the Quezon Service Cross; or upon a former or incumbent head of State and/or of government

*Grand Commander (Marangal na Komandante) – Conferred upon a civilian for singular acts of service with a tangible impact on the Philippine military sphere; or upon a Crown Prince, Vice President, Senate President, Speaker of the House, Chief Justice or the equivalent, foreign minister or other official of cabinet rank; or upon an Ambassador, Undersecretary, Assistant Secretary, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing for life achievement in the military field

*Grand Officer (Marangal na Pinuno) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of exemplary merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Chargé d'affaires, e.p., Minister, Minister Counselor, Consul General heading a consular post, Executive Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing

*Commander (Komandante) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of conspicuous merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Chargé d'affaires, a.i., Counselor, First Secretary, Consul General in the consular section of an Embassy, Consular officer with a personal rank higher than Second Secretary, Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing

*Officer (Pinuno) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of commendable merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Second Secretary, Consul, Assistant Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
*Legionnaire (Lehiyonaryo) – Conferred upon a civilian for acts of merit benefiting the Republic of the Philippines; or upon a Third Secretary, Vice Consul, Attaché, Principal Assistant, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines has its own regulations governing the conferment of the Philippine Legion of Honor.

Famous recipients

Chief Commander

*U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, first recipient of the rank (then known as degree) of Chief Commander, given posthumously in 1947
*Emperor Akihito of Japan
*General Douglas MacArthur
*Fidel Valdez Ramos
*Jaime Cardinal Sin
*President Sergio Osmeña

Grand Commander

"This rank was only established in 2003, and there have been no receipients of this rank to date."

Grand Officer

"This rank was only established in 2003, and there have been no receipients of this rank to date."

Commander

*Carlos Romulo
*Gen. Alfredo M. Santos
*Sotero B. Cabahug, 1959
*Jorge B Vargas, 1960

Officer

Legionnaire

"This article incorporates public domain text from the library of the Philippine Congress."


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