Josip Manolić


Josip Manolić

Infobox_President | name=Josip Manolić

|thumb|200px|Josip Manolić
order=2nd Prime Minister of Croatia
term_start=August 24, 1990
term_end=July 27, 1991
president=Franjo Tuđman
predecessor=Stjepan Mesić
successor=Franjo Gregurić
birth_date=Birth date and age|1920|03|22|mf=y
birth_place=Kalinovac, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes(now Croatia)
dead=alive
death_date=
death_place=
spouse=
party=Croatian Democratic Union
Croatian Independent Democrats
vicepresident=

Josip Manolić (born 1920) is a Croatian politician who one of the most important public figures in 1990s Croatia.

In his youth during World War II, Manolić joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the Partisans. After the war, he became a high-ranking official of OZNA, and later UDBA. One of his duties was to supervise all political prisons in Croatia.

After the Croatian Spring, Manolić became a dissident and befriended Franjo Tuđman. He was one of the founders of the Croatian Democratic Union and later emerged as Tuđman's right hand man.

His status was confirmed on August 24, 1990 when he became prime minister, following the departure of Stjepan Mesić, who had left that post in order to serve as the Croatian representative in the Yugoslav collective Presidency. His cabinet was mostly preoccupied with the process that would ultimately lead to Croatia's declaration of independence on June 25, 1991, as well as the rebellion of ethnic Serbs in Krajina.

When Manolić left the office on July 17, 1991 Croatian forces — police and nascent military — were involved in full-scale war with Krajina rebels, who were backed by the Yugoslav federal army. He took another, even more important post of the head of Constitutional Order Protection Office ("Ured za zaštitu ustavnog poretka"), a body that would coordinate and supervise all Croatian security services. There he built Tuđman's security apparatus, relying mostly on the old cadre from UDBA and other sections of the Communist-era security apparatus. Despite the nature of his work, he remained very much in the public spotlight. In his interviews and statements he gradually gained a reputation of being a moderate. His enormous power, moderate views and Partisan past made him very unpopular among the rank and file of the HDZ party and brought him into conflict with Gojko Šušak, the powerful minister of defence who led a hardline nationalist faction.

In 1993 Manolić was replaced from his post and elected as Speaker of the Chamber of Counties (to 1994). Many saw this as his demotion and fall from Tuđman's favor.

One year later Manolić and Mesić tried to organise a mass defection of HDZ members of Sabor and thus deprive Franjo Tuđman of parliamentary majority. They failed and later, together with other HDZ dissidents, created a new party called Croatian Independent Democrats.

Manolic's attempt to take power on national level failed, but his supporters in the Zagreb County Assembly succeeded in replacing HDZ administration. This led Tuđman to introduce new legislation, merging Zagreb County and the City of Zagreb and calling for new elections, which ultimately resulted in the Zagreb Crisis.

Those elections coincided with the 1995 parliamentary elections, during which HND fared badly, failing to enter Sabor. This prompted Mesić to join the Croatian People's Party, while Manolić tried to mend ties with his former party, becoming a marginalised political figure in the process.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Josip Manolić — en 2008 Mandats 2e président du gouvernement croate …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Josip Manolić — (* 22. März 1920 in Kalinovac bei Bjelovar) war hoher Funktionär der Kommunistischen Partei Kroatiens und vom 24. August 1990 bis zum 17. Juli 1991 Ministerpräsident von Kroatien. Manolić schloss in Zagreb ein Jura Studium ab. Ab 1939 war er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josip — (kyrillisch Јосип) ist eine kroatische und slowenische Form des männlichen Vornamens Joseph,[1] die auch in weiteren Ländern des slawischen Sprachraums vorkommt.[2] Eine kroatische Koseform des Namens ist Joško. Bekannte Namensträger Josip… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josip — is a ethnic Croat male given name, a variant of Joseph . In former Yugoslavia, the name is used predominantly by Croats and Slovenians. The Orthodox Serbs of Croatia would rather use the variant Josif .Notable people named Josip * Josip Bozanić,… …   Wikipedia

  • Manolić — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stipe Mesic — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stipe Mesić — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stjepan Mesic — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste des présidents du gouvernement croates — Croatie Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique de la Croatie, sous série sur la politique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.