Draft History of Qing

Draft History of Qing

The Draft History of Qing (Chinese: 清史稿, pinyin: Qingshigao) is a draft of the official history of the Chinese Qing Dynasty compiled and written under Zhao Erxun by a team of more than 100 historians hired by the Republic of China's Beiyang government. The draft was published in 1928[1], but the final copy was never completed because the Chinese Civil War caused a lack of funding for the project.



The Qing court had long established a Bureau of State Historiography and precompiled its own dynastic history.[1] The massive book was started in 1914, and the rough copy was finished in about 1927. 1,100 copies of the Books were published. The Republic Government moved 400 of the original Draft into the northern provinces, where it re-edited the content twice, thus creating three different copies of the book. It was banned by the Nationalist government in 1930.[1]


The draft attempts to follow the format of previous official histories, containing four sections:

  • 纪 (Ji), containing information about relevant emperors
  • 志 (Zhi), containing events that happened, i.e. astronomical events
  • 表 (Biao), containing lists of people who held important posts or were royalty
  • 传 (Zhuan), containing information concerning notable figures.


Because of the lack of funding, the authors were forced to publish quickly, and consequently this project was never finished, remaining in the draft stages. The authors openly acknowledged this, and admitted there may have been factual or superficial errors.

The draft was later criticized for being biased and against the Republican government's Xinhai Revolution. Notably, it does not have records of historical figures in the revolution, even those that had been born before the end of the Qing Dynasty, although it includes biographies of various others who were born after the collapse of the Qing Dynasty.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Hsi-yuan Chen, 'Last chapter unfinished. The making of the official Qing History and the crisis of Traditional Chinese Historiography', in: Historiography East and West, 2 (2004), pp. 173-204. (Abstract)
  • Preface, The Draft History of Qing Revised Edition, 1977, 中华书局.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • History of China — Approximate territories occupied by different dynasties as well as modern political states throughout the history of China …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Republic of China — This article is about the history of the state which currently governs Taiwan Area. For the history of Taiwan, see History of Taiwan For the history of China / Mainland China, see History of China and History of People s Republic of China. A Rand …   Wikipedia

  • History of Vietnam — The history of Vietnam begins around 2,700 years ago. Successive dynasties based in China ruled Vietnam directly for most of the period from 111 BC until 938 when Vietnam regained its independence.cite book |last=Kenny |first=Henry J. |year=2002… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Ming Dynasty — The History of the Ming Dynasty (zh cp|c=明朝|p=Míng Cháo) covers a period including its rule as the dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol led Yuan Dynasty. At its height, the Ming Dynasty had a population of 160… …   Wikipedia

  • History of science and technology in the People's Republic of China — For more than a century China s leaders have called for rapid development of science and technology, and science policy has played a greater role in national politics in China than in many other countries. China s scientific and technical… …   Wikipedia

  • History of brassieres — The history of the bra is inextricably intertwined with the social history of the status of women, including the evolution of fashion and changing views of the body.At various times since recorded history women have used a variety of garments and …   Wikipedia

  • Modern history — Modern and Modern Age redirect here. For other uses, see Modern (disambiguation) and Modern Age (disambiguation). Human history This box: view · talk · …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Taiwanese history — This is a timeline of the History of Taiwan including the History of the Republic of China on Taiwan (1945 present).For the timeline of the History of the Republic of China on mainland China (1912 1949), see Timeline of Republic of China… …   Wikipedia

  • Legal history of China — The origin of the current law of the People s Republic of China can be traced back to the period of the early 1930s, during the establishment of the Chinese Soviet Republic. In 1931 the first supreme court was established. Though the contemporary …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese history textbook controversies — refers to controversial content in government approved history textbooks used in the secondary education (junior high schools and high schools) of Japan. The controversies primarily concern what some international observers perceive to be… …   Wikipedia