- First Messenian War
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict = First Messenian War.
partof = Messenian Wars
date = c.
743 BC- c. 724 BC
combatant1 = Sparta
combatant2 = Messenia
notes = The First Messenian War was a war between
Messeniaand Sparta. It began around 743 BC and ended around 724 BC.
Sources give different reasons for the cause of the war, but the Spartans and the Messenians laid the ground work for war with a dispute a generation before the war, in a skirmish between Spartans and
Messeniansduring a festival at the templeof Artemis Limnatis around 768 BC. [Pausanias, tr. W.H.S. Jones and H.A. Ormerod (1918) "Description of Greece". Robert Hale Ltd., London, Book 4, IV, 1-3.] The Spartan story tells of the raping of virgins and the killing of the king of the Agiadline in Sparta, Teleklos. The Messenian story says that the "virgins" were young soldiers sent by Teleklos to get close to the Messenian leaders for an attempt at their lives and the killing of Teleklos was in defence of that attack.
The actual outbreak of war only came in
743 BC, however, and even then there was little campaigning until the war's first major battle, the Spartan's attack on Ampheia. [Xanthippos, Demetrios. (2003 Jun.6) The First Messenian War. Ancient Worlds. Retrieved Feb 1, 2008 from [http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Post/157629 www.ancientworlds.net] .] Not wanting to experience another such battle, the Messenians fell back to the heavily fortified Mount Ithome. This is when the Messenians first sent for help from the Oracle at Delphi. They were told that a sacrifice of a royal virgin was the key to their success and the daughter of Aristodemus, a Messenian hero, was chosen for the sacrifice.
Upon hearing of this, the Spartans held off from attacking Ithome for several years, before finally making a long march under their kings and killing the Mesenian leader. Aristodemus was made the new Messenian king and led an offensive, meeting the enemy and driving them back into their own territory. The Spartans then sent an envoy to Delphi and their following of her advice caused Messenian reverses so great that Aristodemus committed suicide and Ithome fell. The Messenians who had fortified themselves on the mountain either fled abroad or were captured and enslaved. [Smith, William. (2000 March, 01). Early History of Peloponnesus and Sparta to the end of the Messenian Wars, B.C. 668." A Smaller History of Ancient Greece" (chapter IV, pg 10). Retrieved 7 Feb, 2008, from http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/history-of-ancient-greece-4-668.asp?pg=10.]
About 40 years later, a slave uprising caused a
Second Messenian War.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Second Messenian War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Messenian War date=685 BC 668 BC [cite news | title = Early History of Peloponnesus and Sparta to the end of the Messenian Wars, B.C. 668 | url = http://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/greek texts/ancient… … Wikipedia
Messenian Wars — is a term of special historical application. It means the wars between Messenia and Sparta in the 8th and 7th centuries BC as well as the 4th century BC. First Messenian War Second Messenian War Third Messenian War … Wikipedia
Cretan War — For the 17th century Ottoman–Venetian conflict, see Cretan War (1645–1669). Cretan War Philip V of Macedon, the darling of Greece , the main antagonist of the war … Wikipedia
Cleomenean War — Greece at around the time of the Cleomenean … Wikipedia
Corinthian War — Part of the Spartan hegemony Hoplites in combat … Wikipedia
Chremonidean War — Date 267 BCE – 261 BCE Location Greece Result Macedonian victory; Antigonid Hegemony over the Greek city states is confirmed … Wikipedia
Lelantine War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Lelantine War caption= date=Sometime between late 8th century BC and first half of 7th century BC place=Euboea island, Greece territory=Eretria lost control of Andros, Tenos, Kea islands result=subject to debate … Wikipedia
Spartan army — Military history of Sparta redirects here. For other uses, see Military history of Sparta (disambiguation). The Spartan army was the military force of Sparta, one of the leading city states of ancient Greece. The army stood at the centre of the… … Wikipedia
Spartan Army — The Spartan Army was the military force of Sparta, one of the leading city states of ancient Greece. The army stood at the centre of the Spartan state, whose citizens primary obligation was to be good soldiers.Connolly (2006), p. 38] Subject to… … Wikipedia
Ancient Greece — The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena, located on the Acropolis in Athens, is one of the most representative symbols of the … Wikipedia