Han Yong-un


Han Yong-un
Han Yong-un
Korean name
Hangul 한용운
Hanja 韓龍雲
Revised Romanization Han Yong-un
McCune–Reischauer Han Yongun
Pen name
Hangul 만해
Hanja 萬海 also 卍海
Revised Romanization Manhae
McCune–Reischauer Manhae
Birth name
Hangul 한유천
Hanja 韓裕天
Revised Romanization Han Yu-cheon
McCune–Reischauer Han Yuch'ŏn
Courtesy name
Hangul 정옥
Hanja 貞玉
Revised Romanization Jeongok
McCune–Reischauer Chŏngok
Dharma name
Hangul 한봉완
Hanja 奉玩
Revised Romanization Bongwan
McCune–Reischauer Pongwan

Manhae (August 29, 1879 – June 29, 1944) was a twentieth century Korean Buddhist reformer and poet. Manhae was his pen name; his birth name was Han Yu-cheon, but he is universally known by the name he was given by his meditation instructor in 1907, Han Yong-un (Korean: 한용운 or; also written Han Yong-woon)

Manhae was born in northern Gyeongsang province in what is today South Korea. Prior to being ordained, he was involved in resistance to Japanese influence in the country, which culminated in the Japanese occupation from 1905 to 1945. The same year the occupation began, 1905, Manhae was ordained as a Buddhist monk at Baekdam Temple on Mt. Seorak.

As a social writer, Manhae called for the reform of Korean Buddhism.

Manhae's poetry dealt with both nationalism and sexual love. One of his more political collections was Nimui Chimmuk (님의 침묵), published in 1926. These works revolve around the ideas of equality and freedom, and helped inspire the tendencies toward passive resistance and non-violence in the Korean independence movement.

External links


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