Abdirashid Ali Shermarke


Abdirashid Ali Shermarke

Infobox_President|name=Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي
nationality=Somali


order=2nd President of Somalia
term_start=June 10, 1967
term_end=October 15, 1969
predecessor=Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
successor=Muhammad Siad Barre
birth_date=November 16,1919
birth_place=Hobyo district, Mudug Region
dead=
death_date=death date|1969|10|15|mf=y(age 49
death_place=Las Anod
spouse=
party=Somali Youth League (SYL)
vicepresident=
religion=Islam

Abdirashid Ali Shermarke ( _so. "Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke", _ar. عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي) (October 16 [ Encyclopaedia Hispano-Americana, supplement 1969-1970, page 289; and rulers.org/indexs3.html] 1919 - October 15 1969) was President of Somalia from June 10, 1967 until October 15, 1969.

Early years

Shermarke was born in 1919 to a Majerteen family in the town of Haradere in the district of Hobyo.

Raised in Mogadishu, he attended Qur'anic schools and completed his elementary education in 1936. He then embarked on a career as a trader and later as a civil servant in the Italian colonial administration.

In 1943, the year of its inauguration, Shermarke joined the incipient Somali Youth League political party. He entered the British administration's civil service the following year.

While still a civil servant, Shermarke completed his secondary education in 1953. He earned a scholarship to study at the prestigious Sapienza University of Rome, where he graduated in political science in 1958.

Political career

After returning from his studies abroad in Italy in 1959, Shermarke was elected to the Legislative Assembly.

When Somalia gained its independence on July 1, 1960, he was appointed by then-incumbent President Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as Prime Minister. Shermarke's duties as Prime Minister saw him travel abroad extensively in pursuit of a non-aligned and neutral foreign policy. He remained Prime Minister until March 1964, when the first general elections were held and which saw him re-elected as a member of Parliament.

In the 1967 presidential elections, Shermarke beat out Daar to become the second President of Somalia. He was sworn in to office on June 10, 1967.

Assassination

On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the northern town of Las Anod with colleague Ali Mahdi Muhammad, Shermarke was shot dead by a policeman.

His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the army seized power without encountering opposition -- essentially a bloodless coup. The coup was spearheaded by Major General Muhammad Siad Barre, who was at the time the commander of the army.

References


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