Amparo (law)


Amparo (law)

In certain legal systems (predominantly those of the Spanish-speaking world), [Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and the Philippines. [http://opinion.inquirer.net/inquireropinion/columns/view_article.php?article_id=87599] ] an amparo remedy or action is a constitutional proceeding intended to protect a citizen's constitutional rights; the word "amparo", in a non-legal context, simply means protection or shelter. [ [http://buscon.rae.es/draeI/SrvltConsulta?TIPO_BUS=3&LEMA=amparo "amparo"] RAE, Diccionario de la Lengua Española.] Such remedies and actions, generally heard by Supreme Courts or Constitutional Courts, serve a dual protective purpose: they protect the citizen and his basic guarantees, and thy protect the constitution itself by ensuring that its principles are not violated by statutes or actions of the state that undermine the basic rights enshrined therein.

In general, amparo action is intended to protect all rights other than physical liberty (which are generally protected by habeas corpus remedies. Thus, in the same way that habeas corpus guarantees physical freedom, amparo protects other basic rights. It may therefore be invoked by any person who believes that any of his rights implicitly or explicitly protected by the constitution (or by applicable international treates) is being violated.

Amparo by country

Chile

:See In Chile, the term "recurso de amparo" ("amparo remedy") refers to what is known in comparative law as habeas corpus. Chile's equivalent of amparo is the "recurso de protección" ("protection remedy").

Mexico

:See Unlike other countries, Mexico's amparo judgments do not have general effects: they benefit only the parties who filed them. It is dealt with in Articles 103 and 107 of the 1917 Constitution as a form of judicial review of governmental action.

Philippines

:See Writ of Amparo and Habeas Data (Philippines)

References

*cite book
author = SAGÜES, Néstor P.
title = La Acción de Amparo. 5ª Edición
year = 2007
publisher= Buenos Aires: Editorial Astrea
id = ISBN 978-950-508-762-4

External links

* [http://opinion.inquirer.net/inquireropinion/columns/view_article.php?article_id=87599 The Argentine amparo]
* [http://services.inquirer.net/express/07/09/03/html_output/xmlhtml/20070903-86232-xml.html The Mexican amparo]


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