Basic Treaty, 1972

Basic Treaty, 1972

The Basic Treaty ( _de. Grundlagenvertrag) is the short-hand name for the "Treaty concerning the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic" ( _de. Vertrag über die Grundlagen der Beziehungen zwischen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik). West Germany (FRG) and East Germany (GDR) recognized each other as sovereign states for the first time, an abandonment of West Germany's Hallstein Doctrine in favor of Ostpolitik.

After the entry into force of the Four-Power Agreement from 1971, both states began negotiations over a Basic Treaty. Like the Transit Agreement of 1972, the discussions were led by the Under-Secretaries of State Egon Bahr (for the FRG) and Michael Kohl (for the GDR). As part of the Ostpolitik of Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt, the treaty was signed on December 21, 1972 in East Berlin. It was ratified the next year in West Germany, despite opposition from hard-line conservatives. It came into effect in June 1973.

The signing of the treaty paved the way for both German nations to be recognised by the international commnunity. Diplomatic relations were opened between the German Democratic Republic and:
* Australia (December 1972),
* the UK, France and the Netherlands (February 1973),
* the Federal Republic of Germany (February 1974) and the USA (December 1974). Both German nations were also admitted to the United Nations, on 18. September 1973.


* [ Basic Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR (December 21, 1972)] on the [ German Historical Institute] Website

Further reading

* [ Address by the Chancellor of the FRG, Helmut Schmidt] (PDF) to the third stage of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Helsinki, 20 July to 1 August 1975

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Basic Treaty — The are a number of treaties known as the Basic Treaty* Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (June 22, 1965) * The Basic Treaty of 1972 in common usage stands for the Treaty concerning the basis of relations between… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Moscow (1970) — The Treaty of Moscow, was signed on August 12, 1970 between the USSR and West Germany (FRG). It was signed by Willy Brandt and Walter Scheel from the FRG side and by Alexei Kosygin and Andrei Gromyko from the USSR side. Contents 1 Description 2… …   Wikipedia

  • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty — Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Participation in the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty …   Wikipedia

  • Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty — (CTBT) Signed 10 September 1996 Location New York City Effective Not in force Condition 180 days after it is ratified by all 44 Annex 2 countries: Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, B …   Wikipedia

  • December 1972 — January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November – December The following events occurred in December 1972. Contents 1 December 1, 1972 (Friday) 2 December 2, 1972 (Saturday) 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Transit Agreement (1972) — Follow the link for other Transit Agreements The Transit Agreement of May 1972 arranged access to and from West Berlin from West Germany (the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)) and secured the right of West Berliners to visit East Berlin and East …   Wikipedia

  • October 1972 — January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November–December The following events occurred in October 1972: Contents 1 October 1, 1972 (Sunday) 2 October 2, 1972 (Monday) 3 …   Wikipedia

  • March 1972 — January – February – March – April – May – June – July  – August – September  – October  – November December The following events occurred in March, 1972. Contents 1 March 1, 1972 (Wednesday) 2 March 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation — The Indo Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation was a treaty signed between India the Soviet Union in August 1971 that specified mutual strategic cooperation. The treaty was a significant deviation from India s previous position of… …   Wikipedia

  • Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 — Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 or Ocean Dumping Act is one of several key environmental laws passed by the US Congress in 1972.[1][2] It authorized the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate ocean dumping of… …   Wikipedia