Harlow (UK Parliament constituency)


Harlow (UK Parliament constituency)

UK constituency infobox
Name = Harlow
Map1 = Harlow
Map2 = Essex
Type = County
Year = 1974
Entity = Essex
County = Essex
EP = East of England
MP = Bill Rammell
Party = Labour

Harlow is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries

The Harlow Parliamentary constituency encompasses the 'new town' of Harlow along with several wards from the Epping Forest district.

History

Harlow is currently a marginal seat with a Labour majority of 97 votes. The Conservatives came close to regaining the seat in 2005 (they had previously held it from 1983-1997), and have argued that they might have won if not prevented by the almost 2,000 votes won by the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) candidate, as well as Robert Kilroy-Silk's breakaway Veritas party. Generally speaking, since the early 1980s voting in Harlow in general elections has closely shadowed the national results [see table below] .

This was the last constituency to declare in the 2005 General Election. The second recount was suspended at 6:00am on May 6th due to staff being too tired to continue, and was resumed at 10:00am on May 7th.

Members of Parliament

* 1974 – 1983: Stanley Newens, Labour Co-operative
* 1983 – 1997: Jerry Hayes, Conservative
* 1997 – "present": Bill Rammell, Labour

Election results

Elections in the 2000s

Election box begin
title=General Election 2005: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Bill Rammell
votes = 16,453
percentage = 41.4
change = -6.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Robert Halfon
votes = 16,356
percentage = 41.2
change = +6.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Lorna Spenceley
votes = 5,002
percentage = 12.6
change = -0.8
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = John Felgate
votes = 981
percentage = 2.5
change = -0.5
Election box candidate with party link
party = Veritas (political party)
candidate = Anthony Bennett
votes = 941
percentage = 2.4
change = +2.4
Election box majority
votes = 97
percentage = 0.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 39,733
percentage = 62.6
change = +2.9
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = -6.4%

Election box begin
title=General Election 2001: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Bill Rammell
votes = 19,169
percentage = 47.8
change = -6.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Robert Halfon
votes = 13,941
percentage = 34.8
change = +2.7
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Lorna Spenceley
votes = 5,381
percentage = 13.4
change = +4.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Tony Bennett
votes = 1,223
percentage = 3.0
change = +2.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = Socialist Alliance (England)
candidate = John Hobbs
votes = 401
percentage = 1.0
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 5,228
percentage = 13.0
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 40,115
percentage = 59.7
change = -14.6
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Elections in the 1990s

Election box begin |
title=General Election 1997: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Bill Rammell
votes = 25,861
percentage = 54.1
change = +12.3
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Jerry Hayes
votes = 15,347
percentage = 32.1
change = −14.9
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Lorna Spenceley
votes = 4,523
percentage = 9.5
change = −1.8
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Referendum Party
candidate = Mark Wells
votes = 1,422
percentage = 3.0
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link|
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Gerard Batten
votes = 340
percentage = 0.7
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link|
party = British National Party
candidate = John Bowles
votes = 319
percentage = 0.7
change = "N/A"
Election box majority|
votes = 10,514
percentage = 22.0
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 47,812
percentage =
change =
Election box gain with party link|
winner = Labour Party (UK)
loser = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin |
title=General Election 1992: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Jerry Hayes
votes = 26,608
percentage = 47.0
change = −0.2
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Bill Rammell
votes = 23,668
percentage = 41.8
change = +5.2
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Lorna Spenceley
votes = 6,375
percentage = 11.3
change = −4.9
Election box majority|
votes = 2,940
percentage = 5.2
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 56,651
percentage = 82.6
change =
Election box hold with party link|
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = −2.7

Elections in the 1980s

Election box begin |
title=General Election 1987: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Jerry Hayes
votes = 26,017
percentage = 47.2
change = +6.1
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Stanley Newens
votes = 20,140
percentage = 36.6
change = +2.3
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Social Democratic Party (UK)
candidate = M C Eden-Green
votes = 8,915
percentage = 16.2
change = −8.0
Election box majority|
votes = 5,877
percentage = 10.7
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 55,072
percentage = 74.1
change = −2.4
Election box hold with party link|
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing = +1.9
Election box begin |
title=General Election 1983: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Jerry Hayes
votes = 21,924
percentage = 41.1
change = +1.0
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Stanley Newens
votes = 18,250
percentage = 34.2
change = −8.5
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = J Bastick
votes = 12,891
percentage = 24.2
change = +8.6
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Independent (politician)
candidate =
votes = 256
percentage = 0.5
change = "N/A"
Election box majority|
votes = 3,674
percentage = 6.9
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 53,321
percentage = 76.5
change = −2.2
Election box gain with party link|
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
loser = Labour Party (UK)
swing = +4.8

Elections in the 1970s

Election box begin |
title=General Election 1979: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Stanley Newens
votes = 22,698
percentage = 42.7
change = −10.0
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = J Powley
votes = 21,306
percentage = 40.1
change = +15.8
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = R Browne
votes = 8,289
percentage = 15.7
change = −7.4
Election box majority|
votes = 1,392
percentage = 2.6
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 53,133
percentage = 78.7
change = +3.5
Election box hold with party link|
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = −12.9
Election box begin |
title=General Election October 1974: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Stanley Newens
votes = 24,961
percentage = 52.7
change = +3.2
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = J E Smith
votes = 11,510
percentage = 24.3
change = −0.7
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = B Goldstone
votes = 10,869
percentage = 23.0
change = −2.5
Election box majority|
votes = 13,451
percentage = 28.4
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 47,340
percentage = 75.2
change = −8.7
Election box hold with party link|
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = +2.0
Election box begin |
title=General Election February 1974: Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Stanley Newens
votes = 25,814
percentage = 49.5
change = -11.4
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = B Goldstone
votes = 13,280
percentage = 25.5
change = +25.5
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = J E Smith
votes = 13,016
percentage = 25.0
change = -14.1
Election box majority|
votes = 12,534
percentage = 24.1
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 52,110
percentage = 83.9
change = +10.0
Election box hold with party link|
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = +1.2

Election box begin |
title=General Election 1970 (Notional): Harlow
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate =
votes = 29,453
percentage = 60.9
change =
Election box candidate with party link|
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate =
votes = 18,880
percentage = 39.1
change =
Election box majority|
votes = 10,573
percentage = 21.8
change =
Election box turnout|
votes = 48,333
percentage = 72.9
change =
Election box hold with party link|
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

See also

* List of Parliamentary constituencies in Essex

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/vote_2005/england/4524491.stm BBC News coverage]


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