Transom (architectural)


Transom (architectural)

In architecture, a transom is the term given to a horizontal glazing bar which is framed across a window, dividing it into stages or heights.

Transom is the customary U.S. word for a traditionally fixed window over a door or an operating sash window. cite web |url=http://www.efficientwindows.org/glossary.cfm#t |title=The Efficient Windows Collaborative: Glossary |accessdate=2007-12-13] cite web |url=http://www.bigbluewindow.com/faq.aspx#q50 |title=What is a transom window? |publisher=Big Blue Window |accessdate=2007-12-13] In England, the transom above a door is usually referred to as a fanlight, and occasionally as an "overlight", or by the French word "vasistas".cite web |url=http://www.eurodict.koralsoft.com/VASISTAS+searchid-70270-ed_tr_en.html |title=Euro Dictionary: Vavistas |accessdate=2007-12-13] The word "fanlight" derives from the fan-like shape of early transoms, which became a traditional part of the Georgian style.cite web |url=http://freenet.buffalo.edu/bah/a/archsty/geo/index.html |title=Georgian Revival in Buffalo, NY |publisher=The University of Buffalo |accessdate=2007-12-13] "Vasistas" sounds similar to the German phrase "was ist das?" ("what is that?"); hence folk etymology ascribes its origin to a visiting German's reaction to seeing a transom during a trip to France.cite web |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D05EEDB133CF930A15750C0A962958260 |title=A Droll Tale |publisher=The New York Times |accessdate=2007-12-13]

History

In early Gothic ecclesiastical work, transoms are only found in belfry unglazed windows or spire lights, where they were deemed necessary to strengthen the mullions in the absence of the iron bars, which in glazed windows served a similar purpose. In the later Gothic, and more especially the Perpendicular Period, the introduction of transoms became common in windows of all kinds.cite web |url=http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/1/9/7/3/19737/19737.htm |title=The Principles of Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture, Elucidated by Question and Answer, 4th ed. |publisher=Project Gutenberg |accessdate=2007-12-13]

Idiomatic Usage

*The phrase over the transom refers to works submitted for publication without being solicited. The image evoked is of a writer tossing a manuscript through the open window over the door of the publisher's office.cite web |url=http://www.aboutfreelancewriting.com/articles/gettingstarted/QAoverthetransom.htm |title=What Does Over The Transom Mean? |publisher=About Freelance Writing |accessdate=2007-12-13]

*Similarly, the phrase is used to describe the means by which confidential documents, information or tips were delivered anonymously to someone who is not officially supposed to have them. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/16/nyregion/16indict.html?ex=1353301200&en=7eea0ce14dac4703&ei=5124&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink] DA Morganthau Cites "Over the Transom" Letter as root of fraud investigation]

*"Like pushing a piano through a transom" is a folk idiom used to describe something exceedingly difficult; its application to childbirth (and possibly its origin) has been attributed to Alice Roosevelt Longworth and Fannie Brice.

ee also

*Skylight
*Mullion

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transom (nautical) — In naval architecture, a transom is the surface that forms the stern of a vessel. Transoms may be flat or curved and they may be vertical, raked forward (known as retroussé), or raked aft.cite web |url=http://www.taylormarine.com/glossary/T.html… …   Wikipedia

  • Transom — The term transom may refer to: * Transom (architectural), the horizontal lintel or beam across a window, dividing it into stages or heights. In the U.S. it also can refer to a fixed window over a door or another window * Transom (nautical), in… …   Wikipedia

  • Daylighting — For the restoration of culverted streams to above ground channels, see Daylighting (streams). For a similar operation with transportation tunnels, see Daylighting (tunnels). A skylight providing internal illumination Daylighting is the practice… …   Wikipedia

  • Window — This article is about the part of a building. For the Microsoft operating system, see Microsoft Windows. For other uses, see Window (disambiguation) and Windows (disambiguation). Pair of windows, Old Ship Church, Hingham, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

  • Stern — For other meanings, see Stern (disambiguation). Detailed schematic of an elliptical or fantail stern[1] The stern is the rear or aft most part of a ship or boat, technically defined as the area built up …   Wikipedia

  • Maeser Elementary — School U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • O'Kane Building — This article is about the Oregon building. For the Rochester, New York building, see O Kane Building (Rochester, New York). O’Kane Building U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Mediaspree — The original Mediaspree logo, with its slogan, Anchor Site (of the) Future Mediaspree is one of the largest property investment projects in Berlin. It aims to establish telecommunication and media companies along a section of the banks of the… …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Detroit, Michigan — Location of Detroit in Michigan …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of architecture — This page is a glossary of architecture. Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.