- Joseph Barss
Joseph Barss (
21 February 1776in Liverpool, Nova Scotia– August 3, 1824near Kentville, Nova Scotia) was a sea captainof the schooner" Liverpool Packet", and was one of the most successful privateers on the North American Atlantic coast in the War of 1812.
The son of sea captain Joseph Barss Sr. and Elizabeth Crowell, Barss' parents had married in 1773. They were one of the first families to settle in Liverpool, Nova Scotia. In 1798 the Barss family built one of the largest homes in Liverpool. The house still stands today and is part of the Lane's Privateer Inn.
Barss gained experience in privateering against the French in the 1790s, serving as an officer in several privateer vessels and commanding the schooner "Lord Spencer". The schooner sank after striking a reef in the West Indies but Barss and his entire crew survived to be rescued by other Nova Scotian privateer vessels. Barss briefly served as commanded of the brig "Rover", a noted privateer vessel from of Liverpool, Nova Scotia famous for its voyages commanded by
Alexander Godfrey, another colonial Nova Scotian privateer.
In 1804, he married Olivia DeWolf, the daughter of judge
In 1812, Barss took command of the "
Liverpool Packet", a captured slave shiporiginally named the "Severn" and sometimes nicknamed "the Black Joke". Within a year, he had captured at least 33 American vessels. He was known for his excellent use of intelligence on American shipping movement, due in large part to his brother, John Barss. He was also known for his fair treatment of prisoners.
In 1813, following pursuit by the schooner "Thomas" of
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, which ended in a short battle, Barss surrendered the "Packet". This defeat brought no embarrassment upon Barss, as the "Thomas" was over twice the size of the "Packet", not only in gross tonnage (143 tons v.s. 67 tons) - but in firepower (12 guns v.s. 5) and crew (80 v.s. 45)as well. After several months of harsh imprisonment Barss was set free, paroled so long as he did not command a privateer vessel. He was briefly captured a second time during the war in command of a merchant vessel. After the war, Barss settled near Kentville, Nova Scotia. He raised a large family and lived there the rest of his life. Barss is buried in the Oak Grove cemetery at Kentville.
Stan Rogers' song, " Barrett's Privateers" may have taken some inspiration from the exploits of Barss, although the ship described in the popular song bore little resemblance to the sleek, fast lines of the "Liverpool Packet" and the inept Captain Barrett has no resemblance to the skilled and successful Joseph Barss.
Sir John Sherbrooke"
"Under the Red Jack", C.H.J. Snider, 1926"Prize and Prejudice', Faye Kert, 2000"A Private War in the Caribbean: Nova Scotia Privateers 1793-1805", Dan Conlin, MA Thesis, Saint Mary's University, Halifax
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=2748 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.lanesprivateerinn.com/offer.sub.php?id=19 Lane's Privateer Inn - History]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Barss — (14 September 1778 ndash; 12 May 1851) was from a large family in Liverpool, Nova Scotia. His early training was on his father s ships and he became an expert ships captain with an intimate knowledge of the trade and the seas from Labrador to the … Wikipedia
Michigan Wolverines men's ice hockey — Michigan Wolverines University University of Michigan Conference CCHA … Wikipedia
Liverpool Packet — was a privateer schooner from Liverpool, Nova Scotia which captured 50 American vessels in the War of 1812. Originally an American slave ship named Severn , the schooner was captured by HMS Tartarus in August 1811. The schooner was purchased from … Wikipedia
Барс, Джозеф — Джозеф Барсс Joseph Barss британский капер Дата рождения … Википедия
Джозеф Барсс — Joseph Barss британский капер Дата рождения: 21 февраля 1776 … Википедия
Francis Drake — This article is about the Elizabethan naval commander. For other uses, see Francis Drake (disambiguation). Sir Francis Drake February–March 1540 – 27 January 1596 (aged 55) … Wikipedia
Shanghaiing — The 19th century clipper ships in the China trade required a great deal of labor to operate. Shanghaiing refers to the practice of conscripting men as sailors by coercive techniques such as trickery, intimidation, or violence. Those engaged in… … Wikipedia
Charles Gibbs — This article is about American pirate. For Canadian politician, see Charles Gibbs (Alberta politician). Charles Gibbs (November 5, 1798 – April 22, 1831) was an American pirate (real name James D. Jeffers) who was one of the last active in the… … Wikipedia
Treasure Island — For other uses, see Treasure Island (disambiguation). Treasure Island … Wikipedia
Arab slave trade — For the relation between the Islamic religion and the institution of slavery, see Islamic views on slavery. Part of a series on Slavery … Wikipedia