North Warwickshire (UK Parliament constituency)


North Warwickshire (UK Parliament constituency)
North Warwickshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Warwickshire in Warwickshire.
Outline map
Location of Warwickshire within England.
County Warwickshire
Electorate 70,544 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Dan Byles (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Meriden
Nuneaton
1832 (1832)1885 (1885)
Number of members Two
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Nuneaton
Rugby
Stratford-on-Avon
Tamworth
Created from Warwickshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

North Warwickshire is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The current North Warwickshire constituency was created for the 1983 general election. An earlier two-member North Warwickshire constituency existed from 1832 to 1885.

Contents

Boundaries

The current constituency covers a similar area to the district of North Warwickshire including the town of Atherstone and the villages of Arley, Baddesley Ensor, Coleshill, Hartshill, Kingsbury and Polesworth. However, it also includes the town of Bedworth, which lies in the Nuneaton and Bedworth district.

History

History 1832–1885

The North Warwickshire constituency was created for the 1832 general election, when the Great Reform Act divided the former Warwickshire constituency into two new divisions: North Warwickshire and South Warwickshire.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, North Warwickshire was abolished for the 1885 general election, when Warwickshire was divided into four new single-member constituencies: Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon and Tamworth.

History 1983–present

The current North Warwickshire county constituency was created for the 1983 general election, replacing parts of the Meriden and Nuneaton constituencies. The seat was won by Francis Maude of the Conservative Party at the 1983 general election, who held in until 1992, when it was taken by Mike O'Brien of Labour. Labour held the seat comfortably until 2010.

On 8 March 2007, former Army Officer and polar explorer Daniel Byles was selected at an open primary to contest North Warwickshire for the Conservative Party at the 2010 general election.

Constituency profile

Warwickshire North is probably the most working-class and industrial of the six constituencies in the county, and politically the most promising for Labour, though in the 2010 election all six Warwickshire constituencies were Conservative gains, with North falling unexpectedly on a substantial swing. It is now hyper-marginal.

Like the rest of the county, the area includes some pleasant rural commuter villages, but there is a history of coal mining and heavy industry in the area, and with that a strong Labour vote.

The current boundaries include Bedworth, just north of Coventry, and the historic market town of Atherstone which has seen considerable population expansion in recent years.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1832–1885

Election 1st Member[2] 1st Party 2nd Member[2] 2nd Party
1832 William Stratford Dugdale Conservative Sir John Eardley-Wilmot, Bt Conservative
1843 by-election Charles Newdigate Newdegate Conservative
1847 Richard Spooner Conservative
1864 by-election William Bromley-Davenport Conservative
1884 by-election Philip Muntz Liberal
1885 Constituency abolished: see Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon and Tamworth

MPs since 1983

Election Member[2] Party
1983 Francis Maude Conservative
1992 Mike O'Brien Labour
2010 Dan Byles Conservative

Elections

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010 [3][4]
Turnout: 47,265 (67.4%) +4.5
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 54 (0.1%) -16.0
Swing: +7.7% from Lab to Con
Dan Byles Conservative 18,993 40.2 +8.2
Mike O'Brien Labour 18,939 40.1 -8.0
Stephen Martin Liberal Democrat 5,481 11.6 -1.9
Jason Holmes BNP 2,106 4.5 +0.4
Steven Fowler UKIP 1,335 2.8 +0.1
David Lane English Democrats 411 0.9 N/A
General Election 2005
Turnout: 46,939 (62.2%) +2.0
Labour hold
Majority: 7,553 (16.1%) -5.6
Swing: +2.8% from Lab to Con
Mike O'Brien Labour 22,561 48.1 -6.0
Ian Gibb Conservative 15,008 32.0 -0.4
Jerry Roodhouse Liberal Democrat 6,212 13.2 +1.8
Michaela Mackenzie BNP 1,910 4.1 N/A
Iain Campbell UKIP 1,248 2.7 +0.6
General Election 2001
Turnout: 44,409 (60.2%) -14.6
Labour hold
Majority: 9,639 (21.7%) -5.5
Swing: +2.6% from Lab to Con
Mike O'Brien Labour 24,023 54.1 -4.3
Geoffrey Parsons Conservative 14,384 32.4 +1.2
William Powell Liberal Democrat 5,052 11.4 +4.0
John Flynn UKIP 950 2.1 +1.1
General Election 1997
Turnout: 54,239 (74.7%) -8.1
Labour hold
Majority: 14,767 (27.2%) +24.8
Swing: +12.4% from Con to Lab
Mike O'Brien Labour 31,669 58.4 +12.3
Stephen Hammond Conservative 16,902 31.2 -13.4
William Powell Liberal Democrat 4,040 7.4 -2.9
Roland Mole Referendum Party 917 1.7 N/A
Christopher Cooke UKIP 533 1.0 N/A
Ian Moorecroft Independent 178 0.3 N/A
General Election 1992 [5]
Turnout: 59,862 (82.8%) +4.0
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 1,453 (2.4%) −2.6
Swing: +3.7% from Con to Lab
Mike O'Brien Labour 27,577 46.1 +6.0
Francis Maude Conservative 26,124 43.6 −1.4
N.R. Mitchell Liberal Democrat 6,161 10.3 −4.6

See also

Notes and references

Coordinates: 52°30′N 1°42′W / 52.50°N 1.70°W / 52.50; -1.70


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