Butomus


Butomus

Taxobox
name = Flowering rush



image_width = 200px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Liliopsida
ordo = Alismatales
familia = Butomaceae
genus = "Butomus"
species = "B. umbellatus"
binomial = "Butomus umbellatus"
binomial_authority = L.

Butomus is the sole genus in the monogenetic plant family Butomaceae, containing the single species "Butomus umbellatus", also known as flowering rush or grass rush.

Description

The plant is a rhizomatous perennial aquatic plant. Its name is derived from Greek "bous", meaning "cow", "ox" etc and "tome", a cut (the verb 'temnein' meaning "to cut"), which refers to the plant's swordlike leaves.

Other than suggested by its English common name, it is not a true rush. It is native to Eurasia and grows on the margins of still and slowly moving water down to a depth of about 3 m. It has pink flowers. Introduced into North America as an ornamental plant it has now become a serious invasive weed in the Great Lakes area. In Israel, one of its native countries, it is an endangered species due to the dwindling of its habitat.

The plant has linear leaves up to 1 metre long, or more. The leaves are triangular in cross-section and arise in two rows along the rhizome.

The inflorescence is umbel-like consisting of a single terminal flower surrounded by three cymes. The flowers are regular and bisexual. There are three petal-like sepals which are pink with darker veins. They persist in the fruit. The three petals are like the sepals but somewhat larger. 6 - 9 stamens. Carpels superior, 6 - 9 and slightly united at the base. When ripe they are obovoid and crowned with a persistent style. Ovules are numerous and found scattered over the inner surface of the carpel wall, except on the midrib and edges. Fruit is a follicle. The seeds have no endosperm and a straight embryo.

Butomaceae

Butomaceae has been recognized by most taxonomists as a plant family; it is sometimes called the "flowering-rush family".

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, 1998), also recognizes such a family, and places it in the order Alismatales, in the clade monocots. The family counts a single species, "Butomus umbellatus".

At the ranks of family and order this is the same placement as in the Cronquist system. However, Cronquist assumed a much smaller order and assigned the order to subclass Alismatidae, in class Liliopsida [=monocotyledons] .

Uses

Frequently cultivated as an attractive ornamental plant. In parts of Russia the rhizomes are used as food.

External links

The species

* [http://www.invadingspecies.com/Invaders.cfm?SID=3&A=Page&PID=9 InvadingSpecies.com]
* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BUUM USDA info]
* [http://aquat1.ifas.ufl.edu/butumb.html University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants]
* [http://www.habitas.org.uk/flora/species.asp?item=2108 Flora of Northern Ireland]
* [http://www.tau.ac.il/~ibs/album/butomus.u.html Tel Aviv Univ. close up of flower]
* [http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=610&fr=1&sts= Global Invasive Species Database]

The family

* [http://delta-intkey.com/angio/www/butomace.htm Butomaceae] in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards) " [http://delta-intkey.com/angio/ The families of flowering plants:] descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval". Version: 27th April 2006. http://delta-intkey.com.
* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1200&taxon_id=10135 "Monocot families" (USDA)]
* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10135 Butomaceae in the "Flora of North America"]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Tree&id=50234&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock NCBI Taxonomy Browser]
* [http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/cgi/gateway_family?fam=Butomaceae links at CSDL, Texas]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butŏmus — (B. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Butomaceen, Wasserliesche, 3. Ordn. 9. Klasse L.; Art: B. umbellatus (Blumenbinse), eine der schönsten deutschen Wasserpflanzen, mit sechsblätterigen, dunkelrosenrothen, doldenständigen Blumen, auf… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Butomus — Butŏmus L., Wasserviole, Wasserliesch, Schwanenblume, Pflanzengattg. der Alismazeen. B. umbellātus L., schönblühende, schilfartige Wasserpflanze [Abb. 305] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Butomus — Schwanenblume Schwanenblume (Butomus umbellatus) Systematik Klasse: Einkeimblättrige (Liliopsida) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Butomus — Butomaceae Butomacaeae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Butomus — ID 12258 Symbol Key BUTOM Common Name butomus Family Butomaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CT, ID, IL, IN, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NE, NY, OH, PA, SD, VT, WI Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Butomus — bėžis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bėžinių (Butomaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Butomus). atitikmenys: lot. Butomus angl. flowering rush vok. Blumenbinse; Schwanenblume rus. сусак lenk. łączeń …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • Butomus L. — Symbol BUTOM Common Name butomus Botanical Family Butomaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Butomus — …   Википедия

  • butomus — bu·to·mus …   English syllables

  • butomus — ˈbyüd.əməs noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from Greek boutomos, boutomon sedge : a genus (the type of the family Butomaceae) of bog herbs having leaves ensiform and 3 angled at the base and flowers in umbels …   Useful english dictionary