- Taiwan Solidarity Union
party_name = Taiwan Solidarity Union
colorcode = #FFCC33
Huang Kun-fei Lee Teng-hui(Spiritual)
Centrism, Nationalism Taiwan independence
Taipei City, Taiwan
international = none
website = [http://www.tsu.org.tw/ www.tsu.org.tw ] The Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU) (Traditional Chinese: 臺灣團結聯盟,
pinyin: Táiwān Tuánjié Liánméng) is a political partyin the Republic of Chinawhich advocates Taiwan independence. Unlike the Democratic Progressive Party, its larger companion party in the pan-green coalition, the TSU actively campaigns for the creation of a de jure Republic of Taiwan. It was officially founded on July 24, 2001and is considered part of the Pan-Green Coalition. The party prided itself on being the first to include "Taiwan" in its name.
Domestically, the TSU is characterized primarily by its Taiwanese nationalism and derives its membership from both the Nationalist Party's former Taiwan-oriented fringe and supporters of Taiwan independence who are disgruntled by the
Democratic Progressive Party's diminished emphasis on the question of Taiwanese sovereignty.
In the summer of
2001, supporters of former ROC president Lee Teng-huiformed the Taiwan Solidarity Union. In the 2000 presidential elections, the KMT (Chinese Nationalist Party/Kuomintang) suffered a devastating defeat, in which internal turmoil had caused the party to lose its grip on power. This was blamed on Lee, the KMT Chairman at the time, and he was forced to resign in March 2001. The hardliners in the KMT and recently expelled supporters of James Soongbelieved Lee secretly harbored support for Taiwan independence and had purposely sabotaged the KMT (by not allowing Soong to run under the KMT) in order to allow Chen Shui-bianto win. Meanwhile, the new President Chen moderated his pro-independence position in the election, alienating some hardline independence supporters in his Democratic Progressive Party. By July, just months before the December 2001 elections to the Legislative Yuan, these factors accumulated to result in the formation of the TSU to continue Lee's policies, and fill the void in Taiwanese politics caused by the abandonment by the DPP's of a strongly pro-independence political force. It was hoped that this would lead to a pan-green majority in the nation's primary legislative body, thus giving the executive branch, under Chen, the political backing necessary to pursue policies supportive of Taiwanese independence.
The TSU's stated political aim is the advocacy of the creation of a
Republic of Taiwanand a policy of desinicizationwhich consists of eliminating the symbols and concepts which connect Taiwan to the idea of China. The TSU argues that any lingering connection with the concept of China renders Taiwan an "abnormal nation" and that clearly separating Taiwan from China is necessary to prevent Taiwan from being dominated by an enemy and foreign nation. The TSU has also strongly advocated the creation of a new constitution for Taiwan and abandonment of the Republic of Chinaas Taiwan's formal name.
Lee was, naturally, identified as the "spiritual leader" (though he personally never joined the party); the TSU hoped that Lee's popularity would help the TSU make the 5% support mark. Further, Lee's dominance in the party was revealed when the candidates TSU nominated had all been personally approved by Lee beforehand. Meanwhile, as Lee's actions increasingly departed from the KMT's unificationist-friendly positions, he was eventually expelled from the Kuomintang. Although there was some initial speculation that Lee's expulsion would cause mass defections in the Kuomintang, none of the major Kuomintang leaders or Lee's close associates changed sides. Nonetheless, former members of the KMT were still to be the fundamental building blocks of the new party, with half of TSU candidates coming directly from the KMT.
After winning nine seats in the 225-member Legislative Yuan in December 2001, the TSU has largely displaced the
Taiwan Independence Party(TAIP) and TSU legislators began advocating resolutions consistent with its strongly pro- Taiwan independencestance. For instance, they have opened debate about changing the national flag and national anthem. In the 2002 Republic of China municipal elections in Taipeiand Kaohsiung, TSU fielded no mayoral candidate, and it suffered a defeat in winning no seats in the Taipei City council and won only two seats in the Kaohsiung City council.
Yasukuni Shrine visit
The visit to the
Yasukuni Shrineby TSU chairman Shu Chin-chiang(蘇進強) in April 2005 generated a controversy across the political spectrum and further made their party goals more ambiguous to the voters. However, the TSU has made it clear that it would achieve its goal of total independence by all means. Chairman Shu denied the visit should be seen as support for militarism, and claimed it was a goodwill gesture to Taiwan's former colonial master Japan to further strengthen the security of the Pacific region. Chairman Su also emphasised that there is a need to remind the Taiwanese public that the People's Republic of Chinais aiming 700 missiles towards Taiwan and that Japan would be an important ally if China were inclined to invade.
Chairman Shu's visit, however, gave opportunity to aboriginal legislator Kao Chin Su-mei (高金素梅) to gain publicity by protesting with her supporters at the chairman's arrival at CKS Airport. Later on the TSU press conference was disrupted by an angry mob from the members of pro-unification Patriot Association (愛國同心會), who showed their disagreement and dissatisfaction by throwing eggs at the conference building. The Democratic Progressive Party, the ruling party, kept a low profile in this controversy and attempts to distance itself from the incident.
The TSU suffered defeat in the
December 2005local elections, along with its pan-green partner the DPP, and failed to win any municipal mayoral or county magistrate seats. Its representation in the Legislative Yuan was eliminated by the 2008 election when it failed to win any district-contested seats and failed to gain the 5% threshold for proportional representation.
* [http://www.tsu.org.tw/ Official website] zh icon
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