Turbe


Turbe

"Türbe" is the Turkish word for "tomb", and for the characteristic mausoleums, often relatively small, of Ottoman royalty and notables.

A typical türbe mausoleum is located in the grounds of a mosque or complex, often endowed by the deceased. However some are more closely integrated into surrounding buildings. They are usually relatively small buildings, often hexagonal or octagonal in shape, containing a single chamber, which may well be decorated with coloured tiles. A dome normally surmounts the building. They are normally kept closed, but the inside can be sometimes be glimpsed through metal grilles over the windows or door. The exterior is typically masonry, perhaps with tiled decoration over the doorway, but the interior often contains large areas of painted tilework, which may be of the highest quality.

Inside, the body or bodies repose in plain stone sarcophagi, perhaps with a simple inscription, which are, or were originally, covered by rich cloth drapes. In general the sarcophagi are merely symbolic, and the actual body lies below the floor. At the head of the tomb in some examples a wooden pole was surmounted by a white cloth Ottoman turban (for men), or the turban could be in stone.

Earlier examples often had two or more storeys, following the example of the Ilkhanate and Persian tombs on which the style was based; the Malek Tomb is a good example of these. The Ottoman style is also supposed to reflect the shape of the tents used by the earlier nomadic ottomans, and their successors when on military campaigns. Sultans often built their tombs during their lifetimes, although those of other family members, and some sultans, were built after their deaths.

There are many famous "turbes" across Istanbul of the various sultans of the Ottoman Empire, as well as of other notables from Turkish history. The Süleymaniye Mosque complex has some of the most famous, including that of Suleiman himself (1550s), perhaps the most splendid Ottoman türbe, and that of his wife Roxelana, which has extremely fine tilework. Close by to the complex is the türbe of its famous architect Sinan, in what was his garden.

Konya holds two earlier türbe, with conical roofs, of the Seljuk Rum dynasty in the Alaeddin Mosque (12th century onwards), and the türbe of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, which is a major shrine and pilgrimage point, just like the türbe of Gül Baba in Budapest. Bursa, a capital of the earlier Ottomans before the conquest of Constantinople, holds the "turbes" of many of the earlier Ottoman Sultans including Osman I and his son, the Muradiye Complex containing Murad II and many princes, and the Yeşil Türbe of Mehmed I (died 1421). This is a large three-storey tower, and the (false) sarcophagus itself is covered in tiles. Unusually, much of the exterior is covered with undecorated coloured tiles.

References

*Levey, Michael; "The World of Ottoman Art", 1975, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0500270651

External links

* [http://www.cappadociaonline.com/turbe.html Cappadocia online]


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  • turbe — [ tyrb ] n. f. • v. 1155; lat. turba « foule » → 1. tourbe ♦ Hist. Dr. Enquête par turbe(s), faite en prenant le témoignage des habitants pour établir un point de droit coutumier. ● türbe ou turbeh nom masculin (mot turc, de l arabe ṭarba, tombe) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • turbé — turbe [ tyrb ] n. f. • v. 1155; lat. turba « foule » → 1. tourbe ♦ Hist. Dr. Enquête par turbe(s), faite en prenant le témoignage des habitants pour établir un point de droit coutumier. ● türbe ou turbeh nom masculin (mot turc, de l arabe ṭarba,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Türbe — Turbe  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Turbe (Travnik).  Turbe de Damad Ali Pasha, conquérant de la Morée , dans le parc de la forteresse de Kalemegdan à Belgrade …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Türbe — von Damad Ali Paşa in Belgrad. Als Türbe (türkisch) aus arabisch ‏‎ turba „Staub“, „Erde“, „Friedhof“, „Mausoleum“, bezeichnet man im türkischen Sprachraum ein muslimisches Mausoleum oder eine Grabstätte. Bedeutende Türben sind die der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Türbe — Türbe, ein Mausoleum für einen islamitischen Heiligen oder Fürsten. Meist ist es ein vieleckiger Zentralbau in kleinen Abmessungen, von einer Kuppel überspannt, ursprünglich nach außen mit glatten schmucklosen Mauern, in späterer [646] Zeit mit… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Turbe — steht für: eine Stadt im Zentrum von Bosnien und Herzegowina, siehe Turbe (Stadt) eine muslimische Grabstätte, siehe Türbe Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Turbe — (Türbe, arab.), Grab, Grabkapelle. Besonders glänzend sind die der türkischen Herrscher in Konstantinopel und Brussa: meist architektonisch prachtvoll geschmückte Bauten, in deren Innern der mit kostbaren gold und silbergestickten Decken… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Turbé — C est en Vendée que le patronyme est le plus répandu (île d Yeu). Peut être le participe passé de l ancien français torber (= troubler, tourmenter), mais c est loin d être une certitude, et on préfèrera une autre solution : le toponyme turbé avec …   Noms de famille

  • Turbé — turbé, turlée nm butte, colline Centre de la France …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • Turbe —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Turbe (Travnik).  Turbe de Damad Ali Pasha, conquérant de la Morée , dans le parc de la forteresse de Kalemegdan à Belgrade …   Wikipédia en Français


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