Edward King House


Edward King House

Infobox nrhp
name = Edward King House
nrhp_type = nhl


caption = Front elevation and south profile, 2008
locator_x =
locator_y =
lat_degrees = 41
lat_minutes = 28
lat_seconds = 55.49
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 71
long_minutes = 18
long_seconds = 39.13
long_direction = W
location =35 King Street
Newport, Rhode Island
nearest_city =
area =
built = 1845-47cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2008-02-04|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
architect = Richard Upjohncite web|title="Rhode Island: Newport County"|work="Nationalhistoricalregister.com"|url=http://www.nationalhistoricalregister.com/ri/Newport/state2.html|accessdate=2008-02-04]
architecture = "Italian Villa"/Italianate
designated = 30 December 1970cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=885&ResourceType=Building
title=Edward King House |accessdate=2008-02-04|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service
]
added = 15 October 1970
established =
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
refnum = 70000024
mpsub =
governing_body = Private
The Edward King House, is a monumentally scaled residence in Newport, Rhode Island. It was designed for Edward King in the "Italian Villa" style by Richard Upjohn and was built between 1845 and 1847, making it one of the earliest representations of the style. It was the largest and grandest house in Newport when it was built. Edward King was the largest landowner in town by 1860, having made his fortune through the China Trade.cite web|url=http://www.edwardkinghouse.com/history.html|title=History|accessdate=2008-02-04|work=Edward King House official website] The house is built in brick, has asymmetrical massing, arched window heads, and a prominent three story tower. It was Upjohn's first use of the "Italian Villa" style.cite book | last = Whiffen | first = Marcus | coauthors = Koeper, Frederick | year = 1984 | title = "American Architecture 1607-1860" | publisher = Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press| id = ISBN 0262730693] These elements would later come to be considered typical features of Italianate design. The house was featured in Andrew Jackson Downing's "The Architecture of Country Houses" in 1850, including an engraving of the house and architectural plans. Downing described the house as "one of the most successful specimens of the Italian style in the United States." He went on to note the great variety of window sizes and types and noted the harmony of the design.cite book | last = Downing | first = Andrew Jackson | coauthors = Anderson, Alexander | year = 1850 | title = "The Architecture of Country Houses Including Designs for Cottages, Farm Houses, and Villas, with Remarks on Interiors, Furniture, and the Best Modes of Warming and Ventilating." | publisher = New York: D. Appleton & Co | id = ISBN 0486220036]

The Edward King House was donated to the city of Newport in 1912 by Edward King's son and subsequently housed the Newport Public Library. It is now a senior citizens' center. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on 15 October 1970 and designated as a National Historic Landmark on 30 December 1970 It has a notable Southern counterpart in Kenworthy Hall, designed by Upjohn a decade later. That house is also a National Historic Landmark.cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=-164795011&ResourceType=Building
title=Kenworthy Hall |accessdate=2008-02-04|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service
]

References

External links

[http://www.edwardkinghouse.com/ Edward King House official website]


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