Richard Ingoldsby


Richard Ingoldsby

Colonel Sir Richard Ingoldsby (1617–1685) was an officer in the New Model Army and, as a Commissioner (Judge) at the trial of King Charles I, signed the king's death warrant.

Richard Ingoldsby was the second son of Sir Richard Ingoldsby K.B. of Lenborough in Buckinghamshire and Elizabeth (nee Cromwell). Her father was Sir Oliver Cromwell of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdon, the godfather of Oliver Cromwell the Lord Protector. This meant that Ingoldsby was a cousin of the Lord Protector. He was educated at Lord Williams's School.

During the English Civil war he joined John Hampden's regiment as a Captain and followed Oliver Cromwell into the New Model Army where he served as Colonel. He took part in the western campaign and the was involved in the capture of Bristol and Bridgewater. His regiment garrisoned Oxford when it surrendered in 1646. In 1649 his regiment was one of the regiments which supported the Bishopsgate mutiny and for a time he was held prisoner by his own men. Some Levellers, notably Col. William Eyres, were imprisoned in Oxford after the Banbury mutiny, and contrived to inspire a second mutiny in the garrison, it was quickly suppressed by Ingoldsby and others; two of the ring-leaders were shot in Broken Hayes. In May 1651 Ingoldsby's regiment left Oxford and joined the army which fought at the Battle of Worcester the last battle of the English Civil War.

Ingoldsby sat in the second house of Parliament commonly known as Cromwell's Other House from 1657–1659. When Oliver Cromwell died he supported Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector. But after the Rump Parliament removed Richard he threw in his lot with General George Monck and the move towards the restoration of the English monarchy.

After the restoration he was pardoned for his regicide for two reasons. He had captured John Lambert on Sunday 22 April 1660, when Lambert had escaped from the Tower where General George Monck had imprisoned him, and had tried to raise the supporters of the Good Old Cause in a last ditch attempt to stop the English Restoration in 1660. Ingoldsby also pleaded that he had been forced to sign the death warrant by his cousin Oliver Cromwell, in that "he refused but Cromwell and the others held him by violence; and Cromwell, with a loud laugh, taking his hand in his, and putting the pen between his fingers, with his own hand wrote Richard Ingoldsby"ref|regicide. He was Member of Parliament for the constituency of Aylesbury from 1660 until 1681.

Notes

# Quote from Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England from David L.Smith; Oliver Cromwell 1640-1658. See online [http://www.olivercromwell.org/quotes2.htm The Cromwell Association Quotes about Oliver Cromwell]

References

* [http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/ingoldsby.htm Biography of Ingoldsby] British Civil Wars website
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22804 BRITISH HISTORY ONLINE Early Modern Oxford]
* [http://www.authorama.com/history-of-england-4.html| The History of England:Chapter IV. Commonwealth] By John Lingard
* [http://www.olivercromwell.org/quotes2.htm The Cromwell Association Quotes about Oliver Cromwell]
* [http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/p_protectorate.shtml THE PROTECTORATE HOUSE OF LORDS, COMMONLY KNOWN AS CROMWELL'S "OTHER HOUSE" 1657-1659]
* http://met.open.ac.uk/genuki/big/eng/BKM/Aylesbury/representatives/representatives1.html
* http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/hst/english/RoyaltyRestoredorLondonunderCharlesII/chap2.html


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard Harris Barham — (December 6, 1788 ndash;June 17, 1845), was an English novelist, humorous poet, and priest in the Church of England. He was better known by his nom de plume of Thomas Ingoldsby.LifeRichard Harris Barham was born at Canterbury. At seven years of… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Harris Barham — (* 6. Dezember 1788 in Canterbury, England; † 17. Juni 1845 in London) war ein englischer Dichter. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • INGOLDSBY, THOMAS —    the pseudonym of REV. RICHARD BARHAM (q.v. BARHAM, RICHARD HARRIS), author of Ingoldsby Legends, a collection of humorous tales in verse …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • The Ingoldsby Legends — Infobox Book name = The Ingoldsby Legends title orig = translator = image caption = author = Thomas Ingoldsby illustrator = cover artist = country = United Kingdom language = English series = genre = humorous verse prose short stories publisher …   Wikipedia

  • BARHAM, RICHARD HARRIS —    his literary name Thomas Ingoldsby, born at Canterbury, minor canon of St. Paul s; friend of Sidney Smith; author of Ingoldsby Legends, published originally as a series of papers in Bentley s Miscellany (1788 1879) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Barham, Richard Harris — (1788 1845)    Novelist and humorous poet, s. of a country gentleman, was b. at Canterbury, ed. at St. Paul s School and Oxford, entered the church, held various incumbencies, and was Divinity Lecturer, and minor canon of St. Paul s. It is not,… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Lambert (1619) — John Lambert John Lambert (* 7. September 1619 in Gallon Hall bei Kirkby Malham; † 28. März 1684 auf St. Nicholas im Plymouth Sound) war englischer Politiker und Soldat zu Zeiten des Englischen Bürgerkrieges und des Commonwealth …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • English Restoration — The English Restoration, or simply The Restoration began in 1660 when the English monarchy, Scottish monarchy and Irish monarchy were restored under Charles II after the Interregnum that followed the English Civil War. The term Restoration may… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Leisler — Jakob Leisler (* um 1640; † 17. Mai 1691) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Kolonialist. Von 1689 an führte er einen Aufstand im kolonialen New York an. Er übernahm die Kontrolle über die Kolonie, bis er gefangengesetzt und wegen Hochverrats an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jakob Leisler — Statue Jacob Leislers an der North Avenue in New Rochelle Jakob Leisler (* um 1640; † 17. Mai 1691) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Kolonialist. Von 1689 an führte er einen Aufstand im kolonialen New York an. Er übernahm die Kontrolle über die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.