- Richard Ingoldsby
Colonel Sir Richard Ingoldsby (1617–1685) was an officer in the
New Model Armyand, as a Commissioner (Judge) at the trial of King Charles I, signed the king's death warrant.
Richard Ingoldsby was the second son of Sir Richard Ingoldsby
K.B.of Lenboroughin Buckinghamshireand Elizabeth (nee Cromwell). Her father was Sir Oliver Cromwell of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdon, the godfather of Oliver Cromwell the Lord Protector. This meant that Ingoldsby was a cousin of the Lord Protector. He was educated at Lord Williams's School.
During the English Civil war he joined
John Hampden's regiment as a Captain and followed Oliver Cromwell into the New Model Armywhere he served as Colonel. He took part in the western campaign and the was involved in the capture of Bristol and Bridgewater. His regiment garrisoned Oxford when it surrendered in 1646. In 1649 his regiment was one of the regiments which supported the Bishopsgate mutinyand for a time he was held prisoner by his own men. Some Levellers, notably Col. William Eyres, were imprisoned in Oxford after the Banbury mutiny, and contrived to inspire a second mutiny in the garrison, it was quickly suppressed by Ingoldsby and others; two of the ring-leaders were shot in Broken Hayes. In May 1651 Ingoldsby's regiment left Oxford and joined the army which fought at the Battle of Worcesterthe last battle of the English Civil War.
Ingoldsby sat in the second house of Parliament commonly known as Cromwell's Other House from 1657–1659. When Oliver Cromwell died he supported
Richard Cromwellas Lord Protector. But after the Rump Parliamentremoved Richard he threw in his lot with General George Monckand the move towards the restoration of the English monarchy.
After the restoration he was pardoned for his regicide for two reasons. He had captured John Lambert on Sunday
22 April 1660, when Lambert had escaped from the Tower where General George Monckhad imprisoned him, and had tried to raise the supporters of the Good Old Causein a last ditch attempt to stop the English Restorationin 1660. Ingoldsby also pleaded that he had been forced to sign the death warrant by his cousin Oliver Cromwell, in that "he refused but Cromwell and the others held him by violence; and Cromwell, with a loud laugh, taking his hand in his, and putting the pen between his fingers, with his own hand wrote Richard Ingoldsby"ref|regicide. He was Member of Parliament for the constituency of Aylesbury from 1660 until 1681.
# Quote from Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England from David L.Smith; Oliver Cromwell 1640-1658. See online [http://www.olivercromwell.org/quotes2.htm The Cromwell Association Quotes about Oliver Cromwell]
* [http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/ingoldsby.htm Biography of Ingoldsby] British Civil Wars website
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22804 BRITISH HISTORY ONLINE Early Modern Oxford]
* [http://www.authorama.com/history-of-england-4.html| The History of England:Chapter IV. Commonwealth] By John Lingard
* [http://www.olivercromwell.org/quotes2.htm The Cromwell Association Quotes about Oliver Cromwell]
* [http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/p_protectorate.shtml THE PROTECTORATE HOUSE OF LORDS, COMMONLY KNOWN AS CROMWELL'S "OTHER HOUSE" 1657-1659]
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