- Germanic philology
:"This article is about the history of the discipline, for linguistic phenomena, see
Germanic languagesand the navigation template below."
The beginnings of research into the Germanic languages began in the 16th century, with the discovery of literary texts in the earlier phases of the languages. Early modern publications dealing with
Old Norseculture appeared in the 16th century, e.g. "Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus" (Olaus Magnus, 1555) and the first edition of the13th century " Gesta Danorum" ( Saxo Grammaticus), in 1514.In 1603, Melchior Goldastmade the first edition of Middle High Germanpoetry, Tyrol and Winsbeck, including a commentary which focussed on linguistic problems and set the tone for the approach to such works in the subsequent centuries. He later gave similar attention to the Old High German Benedictine Rule. In England, Cotton's studies of the manuscripts in his collection marks the beginnings of work on Old English language.The pace of publication increased during the 17th century with Latin translations of the Edda(notably Peder Resen's "Edda Islandorum" of 1665).
Germanic philology together with linguistics as a whole emerged as a serious academic discipline in the early 19th century, pioneered particularly in
Germanyby such linguists as Jakob Grimm. Important 19th century scholars include Henry Sweetand Matthias Lexer.
The structure of the modern university means that for the most part work on the field is focussed on medieval English studies, medieval German studies, etc. Only relatively few universities can afford to offer Comparative linguistics as a discrete field.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Philology — See comparative linguistics for the narrower field of comparative philology . Philology, derived from the Greek gr. φιλολογία ( philologia [ [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%23111282… … Wikipedia
Germanic verb — The Germanic language family is one of the language groups that resulted from the breakup of Proto Indo European (PIE). It in turn divided into North, West and East Germanic groups, and ultimately produced a large group of mediaeval and modern… … Wikipedia
Germanic substrate hypothesis — The Germanic substrate hypothesis is an attempt to explain the distinctive nature of the Germanic languages within the context of the Indo European language family. It postulates that the elements of the common Germanic vocabulary and syntactical … Wikipedia
Germanic strong verb — In the Germanic languages, a strong verb is one which marks its past tense by means of ablaut. In English, these are verbs like sing, sang, sung. The term strong verb is a translation of German starkes Verb , which was coined by the linguist… … Wikipedia
Germanic weak verb — In Germanic languages, including English, weak verbs are by far the largest group of verbs, which are therefore often regarded as the norm, though historically they are not the oldest or most original group.: For other aspects of the verb in… … Wikipedia
Proto-Germanic language — Proto Germanic Spoken in Northern Europe Extinct evolved into Proto Norse, Gothic, Frankish and Ingvaeonic by the 4th century Language family Indo European … Wikipedia
North Germanic languages — North Germanic Scandinavian Geographic distribution: Northern Europe Linguistic classification: Indo European Germanic North Germanic … Wikipedia
Northwest Germanic — is a proposed grouping of the Germanic dialects, representing the current consensus among Germanic historical linguists. It does not challenge the late 19th century tri partite division of the Germanic dialects into North Germanic, West Germanic… … Wikipedia
List of Germanic languages — The Germanic languages include some 58 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects that originated in Europe; this language family is a part of the Indo European language family. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and individual languages.… … Wikipedia
List of Germanic deities — A scene from one of the Merseburg Incantations: the Germanic gods Wodan and Balder stand before the goddesses Sunna, Sinthgunt, Volla and Friia (Emil Doepler, 1905) In Germanic paganism, the indigenous religion of the ancient Germanic peo … Wikipedia