- Armenian Dances
The "Armenian Dances" is a
musical piecefor concert band, written by Alfred Reed(1921–2005). It is a four-movement suite, of which "Armenian Dances (Part I)" comprises the first movement and "Armenian Dances (Part II)" comprises the remaining three. Each part consists of a number of authentic Armenian folk songs from the collection of Komitas Vardapet(1869–1935), an Armenian ethnomusicologist.
"Armenian Dances (Part I)" was completed in the summer of 1972 and first performed by the University of Illinois Symphonic Band on
January 10, 1973. The piece is dedicated to Dr. Harry Begian, the director of that ensemble. The work includes five distinct sections:
# "Tzirani Tzar" ("The
ApricotTree") (mm. 1–29), which opens the piece, begins with a short brass fanfareand runs in the woodwinds. This sentimental song consists of three related melodies.
# "Gakavi Yerk" ("The
Partridge's Song") (mm. 30–68), an original composition by Vardapet, has a simple melody which is first stated in the woodwinds and then repeated by the brass. Its simple, delicate melody was intended for a children’s choir and is symbolic of that bird’s tiny steps.
# "Hoy, Nazan Eem" ("Hoy, My Nazan") (mm. 69–185) is a lively dance, mostly in 5/8 time, which naturally imposes an unusual pattern of
additive meter. In this song, a young man sings the praises of his beloved, named Nazan.
Alagyaz" (mm. 186–223), a folk song named for a mountain in Armenia, is a broad and majestic song; it serves as a contrast to the fast, upbeat songs that come both before and after.
# "Gna, Gna" ("Go, Go") (mm. 224–422) is a delightful and humorous laughing-song in 2/4 time; it builds in volume and speed until the exciting conclusion of the piece.
"Armenian Dances (Part II)" was again dedicated to Dr. Harry Begian, and was premiered on
April 4, 1976in Urbana, Illinois by the University of Illinois Symphonic Band, Dr. Begian conducting. Part II consists of three movements, each based upon a single Armenian folk song.
# Hov Arek. A lyrical song in which a young man implores the mountains to send a breeze to rid him of his woes. It is a deeply moving song in which the delicate melodic line encompasses a wide range of expression. Hov Arek means "come, breeze;" however, on the score Dr. Reed put the translation as "The Peasant's Plea."
# Khoomar. A female Armenian name. It was originally arranged for soprano with mixed chorus by Gomidas Vartabed. In this energetic, light-hearted dance song, a joyous Armenian village scene is depicted in which two young people meet and marry. This song is characterized by its vital rhythmic patterns. Dr. Reed subtitled this movement as "Wedding Dance."
# Lorva Horovel. The original music has a complex improvisational melody which was extensively researched by Vartabed. In its rich rhythmic and melodic structure, it reveals elements dating back to Pre-Christian times. The song is connected with the farmer and his physical and spiritual being during his work. It is the immediate result of his labor, with his pleas to the oxen and his exclamations while plowing. These expressions resound throughout the free flowing melody, rhythmic and intervallic structure of this beautiful song. It is a plow song from the district of Lori, and Dr. Reed subtitled it "Songs from Lori."
* Program Note by Alfred Reed, from the scores to "Armenian Dances (Part I)" and "Part II"
* Historical Note by Dr. Violet Vagramian,
Florida International University, from the scores to "Armenian Dances (Part I)" and "Part II"
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