Troezen


Troezen
Troezen
Τροιζήνα
Ortholithi Mountain
Ortholithi Mountain
Location
Troezen is located in Greece
{{{alt}}}
Troezen
Coordinates 37°28′N 23°25′E / 37.467°N 23.417°E / 37.467; 23.417Coordinates: 37°28′N 23°25′E / 37.467°N 23.417°E / 37.467; 23.417
Government
Country: Greece
Region: Attica
Regional unit: Islands
Municipality: Troizinia
Districts: 8
Population statistics (as of 2001)
Village
 - Population: 671
Municipal unit
 - Population: 6,507
 - Area: 190.697 km2 (74 sq mi)
 - Density: 34 /km2 (88 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 23 m (75 ft)
Postal: 180 20
Telephone: 22980
Website
www.dimos-trizinas.gr

Troezen (play /ˈtrzən/; Greek: Τροιζήν, modern: Τροιζήνα Troizina) is a small town and a former municipality in the northeastern Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Troizinia, of which it is a municipal unit.[1]

Troezen is located southwest of Athens, across the Saronic Gulf, and a few miles south of Methana. The seat of the former municipality (pop. 6,507) was in Galatas. Troizina was part of Piraeus Prefecture (in antiquity it was part of Argolis). The municipality had a land area of 190.697 km². Its largest towns and villages are Galatás (pop. 2,592 in 2001), Kalloní (pop. 751), Troizína (pop. 671), Taktikoúpoli (391), Karatzás (350), Dryópi (318), Ágios Geórgios (284), and Agía Eléni (227). There are numerous smaller settlements.

Troezen in mythology

According to Greek mythology, Troezen came into being as a result of two ancient cities, Hyperea and Anthea, being unified by Pittheus, who named the new city in honor of his deceased brother Troezen.[2]

Troezen was the place where Aethra, daughter of Pittheus, slept with both Aegeus and Poseidon the same night, and fell pregnant with the great Greek hero Theseus. Before returning to Athens, Aegeus left his sandals and sword under a large boulder in Troezen, and requested that when the child was able to prove himself by moving the boulder he must return the items to his father in Athens; Theseus did indeed lift the boulder when he came of age.[3]

Troezen is also the setting of the Euripides tragedy Hippolytus, which recounts the story of the eponymous son of Theseus who becomes the subject of the love of his stepmother, Phaedra. While fleeing the city, Hippolytus is killed when his chariot is attacked by a bull rising from the sea. Other plays on the same subject have been written by Seneca and Jean Racine, also set in Troezen.

The ancient city also possessed a spring, supposedly formed where the winged horse Pegasus once came to ground.

Troezen in history

A cult built up in the ancient city around the legend of Hippolytus. Troezen girls traditionally dedicated a lock of their hair to him before marriage.

Before the Battle of Salamis (480 BC), Athenian women and children were sent to Troezen for safety on the instructions of the Athenian statesman Themistocles. In 1959 a stele was found in a coffee house in Troezen, depicting the Decree of Themistocles, the order to evacuate Athens. The stele has since been dated to some 200 years after the Battle of Salamis, indicating that it is probably a commemorative copy of the original order.

The temple of Isis was built by the Halicarnassians in Troezen, because this was their mother-city, but the image of Isis was dedicated by the people of Troezen.

References

  1. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 30. 9
  3. ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 15. 7

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Troezen — TROEZEN, énis, Gr. Τροιζὴν, ῆνος, (⇒ Tab. XXX.) des Pelops Sohn, welcher die Stadt Trözene anlegete, und seinem Bruder Pittheus hinterließ, der darinnen regierete. Strabo l. VIII. p. 374. Nach andern gab erst Pittheus der Stadt, die er aus den… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • TROEZEN — locus Galliae, inter Massiliam et Aquas Sextias medius: Vulgo Trez. Vide Hadr. Vales. Notit. Gall. in voce Massitia …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Troezen — /tree zeuhn/, n. (in ancient geography) a town in E Peloponnesus near the coast of the Saronic Gulf, regarded in mythology as the birthplace of Theseus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Troezen — /tree zeuhn/, n. (in ancient geography) a town in E Peloponnesus near the coast of the Saronic Gulf, regarded in mythology as the birthplace of Theseus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Third National Assembly at Troezen — The Third Greek National Assembly at Troezen (Greek: Γ Εθνοσυνέλευση της Τροιζίνας) was convened during the latter stages of the Greek Revolution. Convening of the Assembly The long delayed Third National Assembly was initially convened in April… …   Wikipedia

  • Vlacheika, Troezen — Vlacheika, also Vlaheika (Greek, Βλαχέικα, formerly Βλαχάιικα), formerly Vlachaiika is a village located in the Troizina area.Nearest places*Aliki *Galata *PlakaGeography*Location: **Latitude: 37.422 (37°25 24 ) N **Longitude: 23.457 (23°27 42 )… …   Wikipedia

  • ТРЕЗЕН, — •Troezen, см. Argos …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Трезен —    • Troezen,          см. Argos, Аргос …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Kalaureia — or Calauria is an island close to the coast of Troezen in the Peloponnesus of mainland Greece, part of the modern island pair Poros: for its modern character, see Poros. Strabo describes the coastwise journey along the Hermionic Gulf:: The gulf… …   Wikipedia

  • Aegeus — For the Spartan hero Aegeus, see Aegeus (hero). In Greek mythology, Aegeus (Αἰγεύς), also Aigeus, Aegeas or Aigeas, was an archaic figure in the founding myth of Athens. The goat man who gave his name to the Aegean sea was, next to Poseidon one… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.