Demographics of the Republic of Ireland


Demographics of the Republic of Ireland
Demographics of the Republic of Ireland
Historical demogrpoopaphics of the Republic of Ireland, Data of CSO, year 2006; Number of inhabitants in millions
Population 4,581,269 (2011 Census)
Population density 60.3/km² (2006)
Growth
Growth Rate 2.61% (2008)
Birth rate 18.1 births/1,000 population (2008)
Death rate 6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2008)
Net migration rate 14.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008)
Fertility rate 1.96 children born/woman (2011)
Life expectancy at birth
Total 79.59 years (2005 est.)
Male 77.32 years (2005 est.)
Female 81.79 years (2005 est.)
A graph of the populations of Ireland and Europe indexed against 1750 showing the disastrous consequence of the 1845—49 famine.

Ireland has, throughout most of its history, had a relatively small population;[citation needed] until the 19th century this was comparable to other regions of similar area in Europe. Ireland experienced a major population boom in the 18th and early 19th centuries, as did the rest of Europe as a result of the Agricultural and Industrial revolutions, and at the time had comparable population densities to Britain and Western Europe.

However this changed dramatically with the Great Famine of the mid-19th century, which created conditions of mass starvation and emigration. The famine was by far the most significant turning point in the demographics of the country, as not only did Ireland's population not grow for the next century, it continued a slow decline, the result of which is that the Republic of Ireland has a significantly smaller population today than would be expected for a western European country of its size.

Only in the mid-20th century did the Republic's population start to grow once more, but emigration was still common until the 1990s. The demographics of the country changed significantly from then onwards, as a result of the Celtic Tiger Irish economic boom. After this point, immigration far outweighed emigration and many former Irish Emigrants returned home. Ireland then became an attractive destination for immigrants from a number of nations, mainly from Central Europe, but also from Africa, Asia and elsewhere. Since the 2008 onset of the Irish economic and banking crisis, however, the country's economy has suffered, and since then Ireland has experienced net emigration once again.[1]

The nation's population is the youngest in the European Union[citation needed] and its population is now predicted to grow for many decades into the future, bucking the trend of decline that is predicted for most European countries. A report in 2008 predicted that the population of the country would reach 6.7 million by 2060.[2] Even more unique is that Ireland has been experiencing a baby boom in 2008 and surrounding years, with increasing birth rates and fertility rates.[3]

Gaelic culture and language forms an important part of the Irish national identity.

The Irish Travellers are a native minority group.

In 2008, Ireland had the highest birth rate (18.1 per 1,000), lowest death rate (6.1 per 1,000) and highest net-migration rate (14.1 per 1,000) in the entire European Union – and the largest population growth rate (4.4%) in the 27-member bloc as a result.[4]

Ireland is home to people from all over the globe, especially in Dublin. These countries include Poland, United Kingdom, China, India, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Russia.

Contents

Vital statistics of the Republic of Ireland[5]

Population on April 1 (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1923 3 014 62 417 42 217 19 473 20.5 14.0 6.5
1924 3 005 63 402 45 180 18 222 21.1 15.0 6.1
1925 2 985 62 069 43 650 18 419 20.8 14.6 6.2
1926 2 971 61 176 41 740 19 436 20.6 14.0 6.5
1927 2 957 60 054 43 677 16 377 20.3 14.8 5.5
1928 2 944 59 176 41 792 17 384 20.1 14.2 5.9
1929 2 937 58 280 42 991 15 289 19.8 14.6 5.2
1930 2 927 58 353 41 702 16 651 19.9 14.2 5.7
1931 2 933 57 086 42 947 14 139 19.5 14.6 4.8
1932 2 949 56 240 42 984 13 256 19.1 14.6 4.5
1933 2 962 57 364 40 539 16 825 19.4 13.7 5.7
1934 2 971 57 897 39 083 18 814 19.5 13.2 6.3
1935 2 971 58 266 41 543 16 723 19.6 14.0 5.6
1936 2 967 58 115 42 586 15 529 19.6 14.4 5.2
1937 2 948 56 488 45 086 11 402 19.2 15.3 3.9
1938 2 937 56 925 40 041 16 884 19.4 13.6 5.7
1939 2 934 56 070 41 717 14 353 19.1 14.2 4.9
1940 2 958 56 594 41 885 14 709 19.1 14.2 5.0
1941 2 993 56 780 43 797 12 983 19.0 14.6 4.3
1942 2 963 66 117 41 640 24 477 22.3 14.1 8.3
1943 2 946 64 375 43 494 20 881 21.9 14.8 7.1
1944 2 944 65 425 45 128 20 297 22.2 15.3 6.9
1945 2 952 66 861 42 762 24 099 22.6 14.5 8.2
1946 2 957 67 922 41 457 26 465 23.0 14.0 8.9
1947 2 974 68 978 44 061 24 917 23.2 14.8 8.4
1948 2 985 65 930 36 357 29 573 22.1 12.2 9.9
1949 2 981 64 153 38 062 26 091 21.5 12.8 8.8
1950 2 969 63 565 37 741 25 824 21.4 12.7 8.7
1951 2 961 62 878 42 382 20 496 21.2 14.3 6.9
1952 2 953 64 631 35 105 29 526 21.9 11.9 10.0
1953 2 949 62 558 34 591 27 967 21.2 11.7 9.5
1954 2 941 62 534 35 535 26 999 21.3 12.1 9.2
1955 2 921 61 622 36 761 24 861 21.1 12.6 8.5
1956 2 898 60 740 33 910 26 830 21.0 11.7 9.3
1957 2 885 61 242 34 311 26 931 21.2 11.9 9.3
1958 2 853 59 510 34 248 25 262 20.9 12.0 8.9
1959 2 846 60 188 34 243 25 945 21.1 12.0 9.1
1960 2 832 60 735 32 660 28 075 21.4 11.5 9.9
1961 2 818 59 825 34 763 25 062 21.2 12.3 8.9
1962 2 830 61 782 33 838 27 944 21.8 12.0 9.9
1963 2 850 63 246 33 795 29 451 22.2 11.9 10.3
1964 2 864 64 072 32 630 31 442 22.4 11.4 11.0
1965 2 876 63 525 33 022 30 503 22.1 11.5 10.6
1966 2 884 62 215 35 113 27 102 21.6 12.2 9.4
1967 2 900 61 307 31 400 29 907 21.1 10.8 10.3
1968 2 913 61 004 33 157 27 847 20.9 11.4 9.6
1969 2 926 62 912 33 734 29 178 21.5 11.5 10.0
1970 2 950 64 382 33 686 30 696 21.8 11.4 10.4
1971 2 978 67 551 31 890 35 661 22.7 10.7 12.0
1972 3 024 68 527 34 381 34 146 22.7 11.4 11.3
1973 3 073 68 713 34 192 34 521 22.4 11.1 11.2
1974 3 124 68 907 34 921 33 986 22.1 11.2 10.9
1975 3 177 67 178 33 173 34 005 21.1 10.4 10.7
1976 3 228 67 718 34 043 33 675 21.0 10.5 10.4
1977 3 272 68 892 33 632 35 260 21.1 10.3 10.8
1978 3 314 70 299 33 794 36 505 21.2 10.2 11.0
1979 3 368 72 539 33 771 38 768 21.5 10.0 11.5
1980 3 401 74 064 33 472 40 592 21.8 9.8 11.9
1981 3 443 72 158 32 929 39 229 21.0 9.6 11.4
1982 3 480 70 843 32 457 38 386 20.4 9.3 11.0
1983 3 504 67 117 32 076 35 041 19.2 9.2 10.0
1984 3 529 64 062 32 154 31 908 18.2 9.1 9.0
1985 3 540 62 388 33 213 29 175 17.6 9.4 8.2
1986 3 541 61 620 33 630 27 990 17.4 9.5 7.9
1987 3 547 58 433 31 413 27 020 16.5 8.9 7.6
1988 3 531 54 600 31 580 23 020 15.5 8.9 6.5
1989 3 510 52 018 32 111 19 907 14.8 9.1 5.7
1990 3 506 52 954 31 370 21 584 15.1 8.9 6.2
1991 3 526 52 718 31 305 21 413 15.0 8.9 6.1
1992 3 555 51 089 30 931 20 158 14.4 8.7 5.7
1993 3 574 49 304 32 148 17 156 13.8 9.0 4.8
1994 3 586 48 255 30 948 17 307 13.5 8.6 4.8
1995 3 601 48 530 31 494 17 036 13.5 8.7 4.7
1996 3 626 50 390 31 514 18 876 13.9 8.7 5.2
1997 3 664 52 311 31 605 20 706 14.3 8.6 5.7
1998 3 703 53 551 31 352 22 199 14.5 8.5 6.0
1999 3 742 53 354 31 683 21 671 14.3 8.5 5.8
2000 3 790 54 239 31 115 23 124 14.3 8.2 6.1
2001 3 847 57 854 30 212 27 642 15.0 7.9 7.2
2002 3 917 60 521 29 348 31 173 15.5 7.5 8.0
2003 3 980 61 529 29 074 32 455 15.5 7.3 8.2
2004 4 045 61 972 28 665 33 307 15.3 7.1 8.2
2005 4 134 61 372 28 260 33 112 14.8 6.8 8.0
2006 4 233 64 237 27 479 36 758 15.2 6.5 8.7
2007 4 339 70 620 28 050 42 570 16.3 6.5 9.8
2008 4 422 75 065 28 192 46 873 17.0 6.4 10.6
2009 4 459 74 278 28 898 45 380 16.7 6.5 10.2
2010

Demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from Ireland's Central Statistics Office (CSO), Eurostat and the CIA World Factbook.

Population

Figures from the CSO.

4,239,848 (2006 Census)
4,339,000 (2007 est.)
4,442,100 (2008 est.)
4,459,300 (2009 est.)
4,470,700 (2010 est.)
4,581,269 (2011 Census)

Age structure

0–14 years: 20.4% (male: 448,333 female: 418,476) (2006)
15–64 years: 68.6% (male: 1,400,222 female: 1,398,194) (2006)
65 years and over: 11.0% (male: 207,095 female: 260,831) (2008)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008)
Non-national groups with populations in Ireland of 10,000 or more in 2006. Non-European Union nationals are shown exploded.

Life in Ireland

v · d · e

Infant mortality rate

total:

4.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2008)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 79.4 years (2008)
male: 77.32 years (2008)
female: 81.79 years (2008)

Total fertility rate

2.1 children born/woman (2008)[6]

HIV/AIDS

– adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2001 est.) - people living with HIV/AIDS: 2,800 (2008 est.)

Nationality

noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)
adjective: Irish

Nationalities in Ireland

Irish (including dual-Irish/other): 88.9%, UK: 2.7%, Other EU 25: 3.9%, Other Europe: 0.6%, Africa: 0.8%, Asia: 1.1%, USA: 0.3%, Other countries: 0.5%, Multiple nationality: 0.1%, No nationality: 0.0%, Not stated: 1.1% (2006)

Ethnic groups

Irish (of largely Gaelic stock,[citation needed] with Norse (Norwegian), Norman, English, French, Scottish, and Welsh admixture), Ulster-Scots and various immigrant populations – the largest immigrant groups, with over 10,000 people, are the English and Welsh, Poles, Americans, Lithuanians, Scots, Latvians, and Germans [7]

Ethnic backgrounds: Irish: 96.7%, Asian: 0.3%, Black: 1.1%, Other/Mixed: 0.1%, Not Stated: 1.7% (2006)

Religions

Roman Catholic 86.8%, No Religion 4.4%, Church of Ireland 3.0%, Islam 0.8%, Presbyterian 0.6%, Orthodox 0.5%, Methodist 0.3%, Other 2.1% (2006). In an Irish Times Behaviour Attitudes social poll published on Sept 15 2010, 32% of those surveyed said they went to a religious service more than once a week.[citation needed]

Geographic Population Distribution

Urban population (areas with >1,500 people): 60.8% (2006)
Rural population: 39.2% (2006)
Ireland COB.PNG
Population pyramid of Ireland, 2001

Languages

English is the most commonly used language, with 94%[8] of the population calling it their mother tongue. Irish, the first official language of the state, is spoken by 10%;[9] with 9%[8] calling it their mother tongue. Irish is the main language of the Gaeltacht regions, where 91,862 people live. Shelta and Ulster Scots are also spoken by small communities. The main sign language used is Irish Sign Language.

Languages in republic of ireland
Language Percent
Irish
  
9%
English
  
88%
Irish and English
  
2%
others
  
1%

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)

See also

Groups:

External links

References

  • Oppenheimer, S. 2006. Origins of the British. (also contains information regarding the origins of the Irish)

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