Transport in Iraq

Transport in Iraq

= Railways =

* See also Iraqi Republic Railways.

"total:"2,032 km
"standard gauge:"2,032 km 1.435-m gauge

For more than two decades there have been plans for building a metro system in Baghdad. It is possible that part of the tunnels have been built, but that they are now used militarily for sheltering, hiding and escaping purposes. U.N. inspectors have heard of the tunnels for years, but have not found their entrances. [] [] [] []

The first Iraqi Republic Railways train to Basra since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein's regime arrived on April 26 2003. British troops hope to use the 68 km long railway to transport much-needed aid supplies from the port town of Umm Qasr to Basra.

Railway links with adjacent countries

All adjacent countries generally use standard gauge (1435mm) but may vary in couplings or brakes. Neighbours with electrified railways - Turkey and Iran - both use the world standard 25kVAC

* Turkey - yes - via Syria
* Iran - one link partially under construction and a second link planned
** Khorramshahr, Iran, to Basra, Iraq - almost complete (2006)
** Kermanshah, Iran, and the Iraqi province of Diyala - construction commenced.
** see ( [] ) or 2005.
* Kuwait - no railways
* Saudi Arabia - no - same gauge
* Jordan - no - partially constructed - break of gauge 1435mm/1050mm
* Syria - yes - same gauge - at Rabiya/Nurabiya


"total:"45,550 km [
"paved:"38,400 km,

"unpaved:"7,150 km (1996 est.)


1,015 km; Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use; Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have navigable sections for shallow-draft watercraft; Shatt al Basrah canal was navigable by shallow-draft craft before closing in 1991 because of the Gulf war


crude oil 4,350 km; petroleum products 725 km; natural gas 1,360 km

Ports and harbors

Persian Gulf

* Umm Qasr
* Khawr az Zubayr
* Al Basrah has limited functionality

Merchant marine

"total:"32 ships (with a volume of GRT|1,000|first=yes or over) totaling GRT|606,227/DWT|1,067,770|metric|first=yes
"ships by type:"
cargo ship 14, passenger ship 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 13, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off ship 2 (1999 est.)


There are about 113 airports. (1999 est.) Major airports include
*Baghdad International Airport
*Basra International Airport
*Mosul International Airport
*Erbil International Airport
*Sulaimaniyah International Airport

Airports - with paved runways

"over 3,047 m:"20
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"39
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"4
"914 to 1,523 m:"7
"under 914 m:"10 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

"over 3,047 m:"3
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"6
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"2
"914 to 1,523 m:"10
"under 914 m:"12 (2008 est.)


5 (1999 est.)

See also

* Iraq
* Iraqi Republic Railways

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