List of paraphilias

List of paraphilias

"This article is primarily a list of different paraphilias and sexual fetishes. For more information, see Paraphilias.


Some paraphilias have have more than one term to describe them, and some terms overlap with others.

*Abasiophilia: love of (or sexual attraction to) people who are lame or crippled and/or who use leg braces or other orthopaedic appliances
*Agalmatophilia: sexual attraction to statues or mannequins or immobility [Scobie, A., & Taylor, J. (1975). Perversions ancient and modern: I. Agalmatophilia, the statue syndrome. "Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 11," 49-54.]
*Algolagnia: sexual pleasure from pain [ [
*Acrotomophilia: sexual attraction to amputeesMoney, J. (1984). Paraphilias: Phenomenology and classification. "American Journal of Psychotherapy, 38," 164-178.] [Money, J., & Simcoe, K. W. (1986). Acrotomophilia, sex, and disability: New concepts and case report. "Sexuality and Disability, 7," 43-50.]
*Andromimetophilia: sexual attraction towards female-to-male transsexualsMoney, J., & Lamacz, M. (1984). Gynemimesis and gynemimetophilia: Individual and cross-cultural manifestations of a gender-coping strategy hitherto unnamed. "Comprehensive Psychiatry, 25," 392–403.]
*Apotemnophilia: sex arousal associated with being, becoming, or being perceived as an amputee [Money, J. (1977). Apotemnophilia: Two cases of self-demand amputation as a paraphilia. "Journal of Sex Research, 13," 115-125.]
*Asphyxiophilia: sexual arousal from self-strangulation
*Autagonistophilia: sexual arousal from being on stage or on camera
*Autassassinophilia: sexual arousal from staging one's own murder
* Autoerotic asphyxiation: sexual arousal from self-induced asphyxiation to the point of near unconsciousness
*Autogynephilia: a male's sexual arousal in response to the image of himself as femaleBlanchard, R. (1989). The concept of autogynephilia and the typology of male gender dysphoria. "Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 177," 616–623.]
*Autonepiophilia: sexual arousal from impersonating and being treated like an infant
*Autopedophilia: sexual arousal from the thought or image of one's self as a childLawrence, A. A. (2006). Clinical and theoretical parallels between desire for limb amputation and gender identity disorder. "Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35," 263-278.]
*Bestiality: sexual attraction to animals
*Bestiosexuality: sexual attraction to animals
*Biastophilia: sexual arousal from assault and rape
*Chremastistophilia: sexual arousal from being robbed or being heldMoney, J. (1986). "Lovemaps: Clinical concepts of sexual/erotic he3alth and pathology, poaraphilia, and gender transposition in childhood, adolescence, and maturity." New York: Irvington Publishers]
*Chronophilia: sexual attraction to a partner of a widely differing chronological age
*Coprophilia: sexual attraction to (or pleasure from) feces [Xavier, C. M. (1955). Coprophilia: A clinical study. "British Journal of Medical Psychology, 28," 188-190.]
*Cratophilia: sexual attraction to strength
*Diaperism: sexual interest in wearing diapers
*Erotic asphyxia: sexual attraction from asphyxia (also called "breath control play" or "strangulation"), including autoerotic asphyxiation [Blanchard, R., & Hucker, S. J. (1991). Age, transvestism, bondage, and concurrent paraphilic activities in 117 fatal cases of autoerotic asphyxia. "British Journal of Psychiatry, 159," 371-377. ]
*Erotophonophilia: lust murder
*Exhibitionism: the recurrent urge to or enacting of exposing one's genitals to unsuspecting, nonconsenting persons; also, sexual arousal by engaging in sexual behavior in view of third parties.American Psychiatric Association. (2000). "Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders" (4th ed., rev.). Washington, DC: Author.]
*Fetishism: sexual interest in nonliving objects
*Formicophilia: sexual attraction to smaller animals, insects, etc. crawling on parts of the body [Dewaraja, R. (1987). Formicophilia, an unusual paraphilia, treated with counseling and behavior therapy. "American Journal of Psychotherapy, 41," 593-577.]
*Frotteurism: sexual arousal from the recurrent urge or behavior of touching or rubbing against a non-consenting person
*Gerontophilia: sexual arousal from significantly older partners [Hirschfeld, M. (1920). "Die homosexualität des mannes und des weibes" [Homosexuality in men and women] (2nd ed.). Berlin: Louis Marcus.]
*Gynandromorphophilia: sexual attraction to women with penises, men cross-dressed as women, or male-to-female transsexuals. [Blanchard, R., & Collins, P. I. (1993). Men with sexual interest in transvestites, transsexuals, and she males. "Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 181," 570–575.]
*Gynemimetophilia sexual attraction towards male-to-female transsexuals
*Hebephilia: sexual attraction to pubescent children [Glueck, B. C., Jr. (1955). "Final report: Research project for the study and treatment of persons convicted of crimes involving sexual aberrations. June 1962 to June 1955." New York: New York State Department of Mental Hygiene.]
*Homeovestism: sexual arousal by wearing the clothing emblematic of one's own sex [Zavitzianos, G. (1972). Homeovestism: Perverse form of behaviour involving wearing clothes of the same sex. "International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 53," 471-477.] [Zavitzianos, G. (1977). The object in fetishism, homeovestism and transvestism. "International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 58," 487-495.]
*Hybristophilia: sexual arousal to people who have committed crimes, in particular cruel or outrageous crimes [Sharma, B. R. (2003). Disorders of sexual preference and medicolegal issues thereof. "American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology, 24," 277-282.]
*Infantophilia: sexual attraction to children five years old or younger [Greenberg, D. M., Bradford, J., & Curry, S. (1995). Infantophilia: A new subcategory of pedophilia?: A preliminary study. "Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 23," 63-71.]
* Infanitilism: sexual pleasure from dressing, acting, or being treated as a baby
*Kleptophilia: (or "kleptolagnia") sexual arousal from stealingMilner, J. S., & Dopke, C. A. (1997). Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified: Psychopathology and theory. In D. R. Laws and W. O'Donohue (Eds.), "Sexual deviance: Theory, assessment, and treatment." New York: Guilford.]
*Klismaphilia: sexual pleasure from enemas
*Lactaphilia: sexual arousal from human milk
*Lust murder: sexual arousal from committing (or trying to commit) murder
*Mammaphilia: (also "mammagynophilia", "mastofact") sexual arousal from the breasts of a woman
*Masochism: the recurrent urge or behavior of wanting to be humiliated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer
*Menophilia: sexual arousal from menses or menstruating women
*Morphophilia: sexual preference for individuals with a particular body shape and size
*Mucophilia: sexual arousal from human mucus
*Mysophilia: sexual attraction to soiled, dirty, foul or decaying materials
*Narratophilia: sexual arousal in the use of dirty or obscene words to a partner
*Nasophilia: sexual arousal from touching the nose of a person
*Necrophilia: sexual attraction to corpses [Rosman, J. P., & Resnick, P. J. (1989). Sexual attraction to corpses: A psychiatric review of necrophilia. "Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 17," 153-163.]
*Nepiophilia: sexual attraction to infants
*Olfactophilia: sexual stimulus with smells or odors
*Osmolagnia: sex arousal from odors
*Osphresiolagnia: sexual arousal dependent on smells or odors
*Ozolagnia: sexual arousal dependent on smells or odors
*Ondinism: (also "undinism") sexual attraction to urine
*Partialism: exaggerated sexual interest in a non-genital very specific body part
*Peodeiktophilia: sexual arousal from exposing one's penis
*Pedophilia: (British spelling: "paedophilia") sexual attraction to prepubescent children. [Krafft-Ebing, R. von. (1886). "Psychopathia sexualis: A medico-forensic study" (1965 trans by H. E. Wedeck). New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons.]
*Pedovestism: sexual arousal from imitating children in appearance
*Pictophilia: sexual attraction to pictorial pornography or erotic art
*Podophilia: sexual attraction to human feetScorolli, C., Ghirlanda, S., Enquist, M., Zattoni, S., & Jannini, E. A. (2007). Relative prevalence of different fetishes. "International Journal of Impotence Research, 19," 432–437.]
*Renifleurism: sexual arousal in response to the smell of urine
*Sadism: deriving pleasure, or in some cases sexual arousal from giving pain
*Salirophila: sexual arousal by soiling (only the appearance of) the object of one's desired partner
*Scatophilia: sexual arousal from involving feces
*Scoptophilia: (or "scopophilia") sexual preference for watching others masturbating or having sexSeto, M. C., & Barbaree, H. E. Paraphilias. (2000). In V. B. van Hasselt & M. Hersen (Eds.), "Aggression and violence: An introductory text" (pp. 198-213). ]
*Raptophilia: sexual preference for committing rape
*Somnophilia: sexual arousal from sleeping or unconscious people
*Sthenolagnia: sexual arousal from the demonstration of strength or muscles
*Stigmatophilia: sexual interest in piercings, tattoos
*Symphorophilia: sexual arousal from disasters
*Telephone scatologia: being sexually aroused by making obscene phone calls to strangers
* Telephonicophilia: being sexually aroused by making obscene phone calls to strangers
*Transvestic fetishism: arousal from "clothing associated with members of the opposite sex." [Hirschfeld, M. (1910). "Die tranvestiten" [Transvestites] . Berlin: Alfred Pulvermacher.]
*Transvestophilia: sexual preference for a cross-dressered partner
*Trichophilia: sexual arousal from hair
*Troilism: (also spelled triolism) sexual interest in watching one's regular sexual partner having sex with a third party, usually unbeknownst to the third party [Wernik, U. (1990). The nature of explanation in sexology and the riddle of triolism. "Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 3," 5-20.]
*Urophagia: sexual attraction to consuming urine
*Urophilia: sexual attraction to urine, including urinating in public, urinating on others, and being urinated on by others;
*Vampirism: sexual arousal from drawing, sucking, or drinking blood [Vanden Bergh, R. L., & Kelly, J. F. (1964). Vampirism: A review with new observations. "Archives of General Psychiatry, 11," 543-547.] [Prins, H. (1985). Vampirism—A clinical condition. "British Journal of Psychiatry, 146," 666-668.]
*Vomerophilia: sexual attraction to vomit
*Vorarephilia: sexual attraction to eating others or the idea of being eaten by others; usually in one piece cite journal |last= Brundage |first= Sandy |journal= The Wave Magazine |volume= 2 |issue= 15 |title= Fetish Confessions |date= July 31, 2002 |url= |accessdate= 2007-04-30]
*Voyeurism: sexual arousal through secretly watching others in intimate situations, such as disrobing, being naked, or having sex
*Zoophilia: sexual attraction to animals
*Zooerastia: sexual attraction to animals
*Zooerasty: sexual attraction to animalsMilner, J. S., Dopke, C. A., & Crouch, J. L. (2008). Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified. In D. R. Laws and W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), "Sexual deviance: Theory, assessment, and treatment" (2nd ed.) (pp. 384-418). New York: Guilford.]
*Zoosadism: sexual gratification derived from causing pain and suffering to animals [Williams, C. J., & Weinberg, M. S. (2003). Zoophilia in Men: A study of sexual interest in animals. "Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32," 523-535.]

Fetishes and partialisms

*Anesthesia fetishism
*Balloon fetishism
*Blood fetishism (also "haematophilia")
*Breast fetishism
*Breast expansion fetishism
*Crush fetish
*Diaper fetishism
*Doll fetish
*Fat fetishism (also "lipophilia")
*Foot fetishism
*Garment fetishism
*Hand fetishism
*Impregnation fetish
*Lipstick Fetishism (straight and trans varieties)
*Medical fetishism
*Navel fetishism
*Nose fetishism (also "nasophilia")
*Panty fetishism
*Pregnancy fetishism
*Racial fetishism
*Robot fetishism
*Shoe fetishism
*Silk/Satin fetishism
*Smoking fetishism (Capnolagnia)
*Spandex fetishism
*Tickling fetishism (also "acarophilia")
*Total enclosure fetishism
*Transformation fetish -
*Wet and messy fetishism: sexual arousal by having substances deliberately and generously applied to the naked skin, or to the clothes people are wearing

Japanese terms

Though these fetishes originated in Japan, they have recently gained popularity in other countries, particularly the Americas.

*Nyotaimori: sexual arousal by eating sashimi or sushi from the body of a (usually naked) woman
*Omorashi: sexual arousal to one's or a partner's feeling of having a full bladder
*Tamakeri: sexual arousal from having a male kicked in the groin by a woman
*Wakamezake: sexual arousal by drinking alcohol from a woman's body.

Technical terms for non-paraphilic sexual interests

*Androphilia: Sexual interest in men
*Analloerotic: Lacking in sexual interests towards others (but not lacking in sexual drive) [Blanchard, R. (1989). The classification and labelling of nonhomosexual gender dysphorias. "Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18," 315–334.]
*Ephebophilia: Sexual attraction towards individuals in mid- to late adolescence, [Krafft-Ebing, R., & Moll, A. (1924). "Psychopathia sexualis." Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke.] typically ages 15-19.Blanchard, R. Blanchard, R., Lykins, A. D., Wherrett, D., Kuban, M. E., Cantor, J. M., Blak, T., Dickey, R., & Klassen, P. E. (2008). Pedophilia, hebephilia, and the DSM–V. "Archives of Sexual Behavior." DOI 10.1007/s10508-008-9399-9.]
*Gynephilia: Sexual interest in women
*Teleiophilia: Sexual interest in adults (as opposed to pedophilia, etc.) [Blanchard, R., Barbaree, H. E., Bogaert, A. F., Dickey, R., Klassen, P., Kuban, M. E., & Zucker, K. J. (2000). Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation in pedophiles. "Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29," 463–478.]


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