Luiseño language


Luiseño language

language
name=Luiseño
states=USA
region=Southern California
speakers=30–40
familycolor=American
fam1=Uto-Aztecan
fam2=Northern Uto-Aztecan
fam3=Takic
fam4=Cupan
iso2=lui|iso3=lui

The Luiseño language is an Uto-Aztecan language of California spoken by the Luiseño, a Native American people who at the time of the first contacts with the Spanish in the 16th century inhabited the coastal area of southern California, ranging 50 miles from the southern part of Los Angeles County, California, to the northern part of San Diego County, California, and inland 30 miles. The people are called "Luiseño" due to their proximity to the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia.

The language is highly endangered, but there is an active language revitalization project assisted by linguists from the University of California, Riverside. A related language spoken by the Juaneño people is extinct.

Phonology

Vowels

Luiseño has five vowel phonemes.

Sample Texts

The Lord's Prayer (or the Our Father) in Luiseño, as recorded in "The Sparkman Grammar of Luiseño":

Cham-na’ tuupaña aaukat cham-cha oi ohó’vanma.Toshño om chaami.Loví’i om hish mimchapun ivá’ ooxñ tuupaña axáninuk.Ovi om chaamik cham-naachaxoni choun teméti.Maaxaxan-up om chaamik hish aláxwichi chaam-lo’xai ivianáninuk chaam-cha maaxaxma pomóomi chaami hish pom-lo’xai aláxwichi.Tuusho kamíí’i chaami chaam-lo’xai hish hichakati.Kwavcho om chaami.

Our-father / sky-in / being / we / you / believe / always.Command / you / us.Do / you / anything / whatever / here / earth-on / sky-in / as.Give / you / us-to / our-food / every / day.Pardon / you / us-to / anything / bad / our-doing / this as /we / pardon / them / us / anything / their-doing / bad.Not / allow / us / our-doing / anything / wicked.Care / you / us.

ee also

* Luiseño

Bibliography

* citation
last=Chung
first=Sandra
year=1974
title=Remarks on Pablo Tac's La lingua degli Indi Luiseños
journal=International Journal of American Linguistics
volume=40
issue=4
pages=292-307

* citation
last=Hyde
first=Villiana Calac
last2=Elliot
first2=Eric
year=1994
title=Yumáyk Yumáyk: Long Ago
publisher=University of California Press

* citation
last=Kroeber
first=A. L.
last2=Grace
first2=George William
year=1960
title=The Sparkman Grammar of Luiseño
place=Berkeley
publisher=UC Berkeley Press

* citation
last=Tagliavini
first=Carlo
year=1926
title=La lingua degli Indi Luisenos
place=Bologna
publisher=Cooperativa Tipografica Azzoguidi

External links

* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=lui Ethnologue entry for Luiseño]
* [http://www.americanindian.ucr.edu/partnerships/tlp.html Luiseño language revitalization project]
* [http://www.pechanga-nsn.gov/page?pageId=1 Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians]
* [http://www.soboba-nsn.gov/sitemap.html Soboba Tribal Website (culture, history, and language resources)]


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