Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)


Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)
Manchester, Gorton
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Manchester Gorton in Greater Manchester in 2010.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 74,681 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918 (1918)
Member of Parliament Gerald Kaufman (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England
South East Lancashire Gorton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885 (1885)1918 (1918)
Number of members one
Created from South East Lancashire

Manchester, Gorton is a parliamentary constituency in the city of Manchester, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Contents

History and Boundaries

1885–1918

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the existing seat of South East Lancashire into eight single-member constituencies. South-East Lancashire, Gorton Division consisted of the area of the Gorton Local Board and the townships or parishes of Denton, Haughton, and Openshaw. The constituency comprised an area bounded on the west by the city of Manchester and to the east and south by the county boundary with Cheshire.[2] In 1890 Manchester's municipal boundaries were extended to include Gorton and Openshaw, although constituency boundaries remained unchanged until 1918.[3]

1918–1950

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised parliamentary seats throughout Great Britain. The redistribution reflected the boundary changes of 1890, with Gorton becoming a division of the parliamentary borough of Manchester. The Manchester, Gorton Division comprised three wards of the county borough of Manchester: Gorton North, Gorton South and Openshaw. Denton and Haughton, which together had formed Denton Urban District in 1894, were transferred to the Mossley Division of Lancashire.[3][4]

1950–1955

The next redrawing of English constituencies was effected by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Act introduced the term "borough constituency", with Manchester Gorton Borough Constituency now consisting of four wards of the city: Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme and Openshaw.[5] Levenshulme was transferred from the abolished Manchester Rusholme seat.[3] The revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election.

1955–1983

In 1955 boundary changes were made based on the recommendations of the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. The constituency was redefined as consisting of the Gorton North and Gorton South wards of the county borough and the two neighbouring urban districts of Audenshaw and Denton in the administrative county of Lancashire. Levenshulme passed to Manchester Withington while Openshaw formed the core of a new Manchester Openshaw seat.[6]

1983–2010

The 1983 redistribution of seats reflected local government reforms made in 1974. Manchester Gorton became a borough constituency in the parliamentary county of Greater Manchester. The constituency was redefined as comprising six wards of the Metropolitan district and City of Manchester, namely: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight and Rusholme.[7] The constituency was unaltered at the next redistribution prior to the 1997 general election.[8]

2010 - date

At the 2010 general election, the boundaries were revised once more, with the constituency consisting of seven Manchester wards, namely: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight, Rusholme and Whalley Range.[9]

Members of Parliament

Election Member[10] Party
1885 Richard Peacock Liberal
1889 by-election Sir William Mather Liberal
1895 Ernest Frederic George Hatch Conservative
1904 Liberal
1906 John Hodge Labour
1923 Joseph Compton Labour
1931 Eric Bailey Conservative
1935 Joseph Compton Labour
1937 by-election William Wedgewood Benn Labour
1942 by-election William Oldfield Labour
1955 Konni Zilliacus Labour
1967 by-election Kenneth Marks Labour
1983 Sir Gerald Kaufman Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Manchester, Gorton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 19,211 50.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 12,508 32.6 −0.9
Conservative Caroline Healy 4,224 11.0 +1.2
Green Justine Hall 1,048 2.7 N/A
Respect Mohammed Zulfikar 507 1.3 N/A
Trade Unionist & Socialist Karen Reissman 337 0.9 N/A
Christian Peter Harrison 254 0.7 N/A
Pirate Tim Dobson 236 0.6 N/A
Majority 6,703 17.5 −2.1
Turnout 38,325 50.5 +4.7
Labour hold Swing −1.1

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 15,480 53.2 -9.6
Liberal Democrat Qassim Afzal 9,672 33.2 +11.9
Conservative Amanda Byrne 2,848 9.8 -0.1
UKIP Gregg Beaman 783 2.7 +1.0
Workers Revolutionary Dan Waller 181 0.6 N/A
Resolutionist Party Matthew Kay 159 0.5 N/A
Majority 5,808 19.9
Turnout 29,123 45.0 +2.3
Labour hold Swing -10.8
General Election 2001: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 17,099 62.8 -2.5
Liberal Democrat Dr Jackie Pearcey 5,795 21.3 +3.8
Conservative Christopher Causer 2,705 9.9 -1.8
Green Bruce Bingham 835 3.1 +2.2
UKIP Rashid Bhatti 462 1.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Kirsty Muir 333 1.2 -0.2
Majority 11,304 41.5
Turnout 42.7 -12.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

Changes in vote compared with notional figures for 1997 election following boundary changes.

General Election 1997: Manchester, Gorton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,704 65.3 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Dr Jackie Pearcey 6,362 17.5 +3.5
Conservative J Senior 4,249 11.7 -7.8
Referendum Party K Hartley 812 2.2 N/A
Green S FitzGibbon 683 1.9 +0.3
Socialist Labour T Wongsam 501 1.4 N/A
Majority 17,342 47.8
Turnout 55.6 -5.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Manchester, Gorton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gerald Kaufman 23,671 62.3 +7.9
Conservative Jonathan Bullock 7,392 19.5 −3.8
Liberal Democrat Phil Harris 5,327 14.0 −7.7
Liberal T Henderson 767 2.0 −19.7
Green Mike Daw 595 1.6 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Miss P Lawrence 108 0.3 N/A
Natural Law PD Mitchell 84 0.2 N/A
International Communist Mrs CE Smith 30 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,279 42.9 +11.8
Turnout 37,974 60.8 −9.6
Labour hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1970: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Majority
General Election Feb 1974: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Liberal
Majority
General Election October 1974: Manchester, Blackley
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Rose 19,720 50.89 +4.09
Conservative A Lea 12,601 35.52 -0.98
Liberal D Jackson 5,517 14.24 -5.46
National Front H Andrew 914 2.36 N/A
Majority 7,119 18.37 +5.07

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1964: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Liberal
Majority
General Election 1966: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Liberal
Majority

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1950: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative R S Harper
Liberal
Majority
General Election 1951: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Majority
General Election 1955: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative
Labour
Majority
General Election 1959: Manchester, Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative
Labour
Liberal
Majority

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Manchester, Gorton

Manchester County Borough wards of Gorton North, Gorton South, Openshaw

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour
Conservative
Liberal
Majority

See also

  • List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater Manchester

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Seventh Schedule, Counties At Large, Number Of Members And Names And Contents Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
  3. ^ a b c F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London 1991
  4. ^ Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats, Representation of the People Act 1918 (C.5)
  5. ^ First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Representation of the People Act 1948 (C.65)
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (Manchester, Oldham and Ashton under Lyne) Order, 1955 (S.I. 1955 No.16)
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No.417)
  8. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No.1626)
  9. ^ Fifth periodical report - Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8, http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/cm70/7032/7032_iii.asp 
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)
  11. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Manchester Gorton
  12. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/i14.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

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