Crewe and Nantwich (UK Parliament constituency)


Crewe and Nantwich (UK Parliament constituency)
Crewe and Nantwich
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Crewe and Nantwich in Cheshire.
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England.
County Cheshire
Electorate 78,845 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Edward Timpson (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Crewe and Nantwich
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Crewe and Nantwich is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election. For 25 years since its creation in 1983, the constituency had elected the Labour MP Gwyneth Dunwoody. In 2008, Gwyneth Dunwoody died, leading to a by-election which was won by the Conservative candidate Edward Timpson.

Contents

Boundaries

The constituency was created from parts of the constituencies of Crewe and Nantwich. Crewe had elected Labour MPs since 1945, while Nantwich had only elected Conservative MPs since its creation in 1955.

The boundaries of the constituency include the towns of Crewe and Nantwich in the unitary authority of Cheshire East; however, much of the rural area west of Nantwich, and parts of the north of the town of Crewe around Leighton Hospital are in the Eddisbury constituency.

Boundary Review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Cheshire, in 2007 the Boundary Commission for England made minor changes to the existing arrangement as a consequence of population changes. The electoral wards included in this modified constituency were (as at 12 April 2005):

The changes were approved in 2007 and came into effect at the 2010 general election.[3]

Member of Parliament

Since its creation in 1983, Crewe and Nantwich had been represented for Labour by Gwyneth Dunwoody, with steadily increasing majorities between the elections of 1983, 1987, 1992 and 1997. Her majority was slightly reduced in the 2001 and 2005 elections. Gwyneth Dunwoody died on 17 April 2008.[4] As a result, a by-election was held on 22 May 2008[5] in which the Conservative candidate Edward Timpson was elected.[6][7]

Election Member [8] Party
1983 Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour
2008 by-election Edward Timpson Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Crewe and Nantwich [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Timpson 23,420 45.8 +12.9
Labour David Williams 17,374 34.0 -14.4
Liberal Democrat Roy Wood 7,656 15.0 -3.7
UKIP James Clutton 1,414 2.8 N/A
BNP Phil Williams 1,043 2.0 N/A
Independent Mike Parsons 177 0.3 N/A
Majority 6,046 11.8
Turnout 51,084 65.9 +6.0
Conservative hold Swing 13.7

Elections in the 2000s

Crewe and Nantwich by-election, 2008[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Timpson 20,539 49.5 +16.9
Labour Tamsin Dunwoody 12,679 30.6 –18.3
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Shenton 6,040 14.6 –4.0
UKIP Mike Nattrass 922 2.2 N/A
Green Robert Smith 359 0.9 N/A
English Democrats David Roberts 275 0.7 N/A
Monster Raving Loony The Flying Brick 236 0.6 N/A
Independent Mark Walklate 217 0.5 N/A
Cut Tax on Diesel and Petrol Paul Thorogood 118 0.3 N/A
Independent Gemma Garrett 113 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,860 18.9 +2.6
Turnout 41,498 58.2 –2.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 17.6
General Election 2005: Crewe and Nantwich[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 21,240 48.8 –5.5
Conservative Eveleigh Moore-Dutton 14,162 32.6 +2.2
Liberal Democrat Paul Roberts 8,083 18.6 +5.1
Majority 7,078 16.3
Turnout 43,485 60.0 –0.2
Labour hold Swing 3.8
General Election 2001: Crewe and Nantwich[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 22,556 54.3 –3.9
Conservative Donald Potter 12,650 30.4 +3.5
Liberal Democrat David Cannon 5,595 13.5 +1.7
UKIP Roger Croston 746 1.8 N/A
Majority 9,906 23.9
Turnout 41,547 60.2 –13.7
Labour hold Swing -3.7

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Crewe and Nantwich[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 29,460 58.2 +12.5
Conservative Michael Loveridge 13,662 27.0 –14.3
Liberal Democrat David Cannon 5,940 11.7 –0.2
Referendum Party Peter Astbury 1,543 3.0 N/A
Majority 15,798
Turnout 73.7 –8.2
Labour hold Swing 13.4
General Election 1992: Crewe and Nantwich[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 28,065 45.7 +1.7
Conservative Brian Silvester 25,370 41.3 –0.8
Liberal Democrat Gwyn Griffiths 7,315 11.9 –2.0
Green Natalie Wilkinson 651 1.1 N/A
Majority 2,695 4.4 +2.5
Turnout 61,401 81.9 +2.6
Labour hold Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Crewe and Nantwich[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 25,457 44.0 +2.9
Conservative Angela Browning 24,365 42.1 +1.5
Social Democrat Kenneth Roberts 8,022 13.9 –4.4
Majority 1,092 1.9 +1.4
Turnout 79.3 +4.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Crewe and Nantwich[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 22,031 41.1 N/A
Conservative Patrick Rock 21,741 40.6 N/A
Social Democrat John Pollard 9,820 18.3 N/A
Majority 290 0.6 N/A
Turnout 74.7 N/A

Politics and history of the constituency

The constituency was created for the 1983 General Election, out of parts of the former Labour seat of Crewe and the former Conservative seat of Nantwich. It was represented by Labour's Gwyyneth Dunwoody between the seat's creation and her death on 17 April 2008. The by-election that was triggered by the death of Mrs Dunwoody was won by the Conservative candidate Edward Timpson on 22 May 2008, giving the seat its first Conservative MP in what was the first gain from another party at a parliamentary by-election since the Mitcham and Morden by-election during the Falklands War, and the first from Labour since the Ilford North by-election of 1978.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ The borough of Crewe and Nantwich and its constituent wards were abolished on 1 April 2009, when they became part of the new unitary authority of Cheshire East; however, the boundaries of the parliamentary constituency remain fixed according to the wards in operation at 12 April 2005
  3. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, S.I. 2007/1681
  4. ^ "MP Gwyneth Dunwoody dies aged 77". BBC News. 17 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7353743.stm. 
  5. ^ "By-election to replace veteran MP". BBC News. 29 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/staffordshire/7374064.stm. 
  6. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (23 May 2008). "Conservatives win Crewe and Nantwich byelection with 7,860 majority". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2008/may/23/conservatives.win.crewe.and.nantwich. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "Tories snatch Crewe from Labour". BBC News. 23 May 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7415362.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2008. "Tory candidate Edward Timpson won 7,860 more votes than his Labour rival, overturning a 7,000 Labour majority at the general election - a 17.6% swing." 
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)
  9. ^ General Election 2010 - Crewe and Nantwich BBC News
  10. ^ a b c d "Aristotle: Crewe and Nantwich", Guardian Unlimited
  11. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/i06.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources. http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/area/uk/ge87/i06.htm. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources. http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/area/uk/ge83/i06.htm. 

Coordinates: 53°5′N 2°29′W / 53.083°N 2.483°W / 53.083; -2.483


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries: