- Błyskawica radiostation
The "'Błyskawica radiostation" ("Lightning" radiostation") - an insurgent radio transmitter broadcasting from
Warsawduring the Warsaw Uprisingof 1944, since 8 August 1944 until the end of the struggle. The transmitter was constructed by Antoni Zębikpseudonym "Biegły". Its signal was the melody of Warszawianka.
Initially, the radio station was placed in the building of PKO ("Pocztowa Kasa Oszczędności", Engl.: "Postal Savings Bank") in Jasna 9 street. On 25 August it was moved to the "Adria" cafe in Moniuszki 10 street. On 4 September it was relocated to the building of the former USSR embassy in Poznańska 15 street and then to the Public Library in Koszykowa 26 street.
The chief of the team was
Stanisław Zadrożnypseudonym "Pawlicz". His deputy was Zofia Rutkowskapseudonym "Ewa", who assumed the care of the performance of the program. Jan Nowak-Jeziorańskitogether with an RAF airman John Ward conducted English language broadcasts. Zbigniew Świętochowskipseudonym "Krzysztof", Stefan Sojecki, Zbigniew Jasińskiand Mieczysław Ubyszworked as speakers. News and reportages were carried by Jacek Wołowski.
The first words broadcasted by this radiostation, spoken by Zbigniew Świętochowski, were as following:
"Hallo, here is Błyskawica speaking! A radio transmitter of the Home Army in Warsaw, on 32.8 and 52.1 meter bands.
The spirit of Warsaw is wonderful.The women of Warsaw are wonderful.
They are everywhere, in the front line together with soldiers as nurses or liaison officers.
Even children are animated by a wonderful spirit of bravery. We greet all freedom-loving people of the world!
Polish soldiers who fight in Italy, Polish pilots and mariners."
The radio broadcasted also on the medium wave a subversive program addressed to
Wehrmachtsoldiers, as part of the "N" Action.
On 4 December when the uprising was drawing near the end, it broadcas the last, 10-minute long, message. After this transmissionmission, the radiostation was destroyed by the then chief of the team
Jan Georgicapseudonym "Grzegorzewicz".
A replica of "Błyskawica" radiostation is in the
Museum of the Warsaw Uprising. In "Jednodniówka" - a paper published on 1 August 2004 by this Museum, it was written that:
:"The replica of "Błyskawica" basically does not differ from the original. The creators took care of every detail, even using original knobs. The only difference is that the contemporary "Błyskawica" transmits on a different waveband: 7.043 MHz, because the waveband of the time of the Warsaw Uprising is now used by (sic!)
During the Warsaw Uprising it also used another transmitter, called "Burza" ("Tempest") constructed by
Włodzimierz Markowski. It broadcast from 3 August in the building of the Main Post Office on Plac Napoleona(now Plac Powstańców Warszawy).
* [http://historia.spdxc.org.pl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=227&Itemid=288 Interview with Antoni Zębik - creator of the "Błyskawica" radiostation]
* [http://www.teby.net/ham/blyskawica.php Website with photos of the celebration of putting the radiostation into operation]
* [http://www2.polskieradio.pl/reportaz/reportaz.asp?id=2228 Reportage "moja Błyskawica" ("My "Błyskawica") realised by the Reportage Studio of the Polish Radio. IT is dedicated to Antoni Zębik]
* [http://www.warsawuprising.com/paper/radio.htm Fragments of original messages transmitted by "Błyskawica" radiostation]
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