Farnham Castle


Farnham Castle

Farnham Castle is a castle in Farnham, Surrey, England (gbmapping|SU839474).

First built in 1138 by Henri de Blois, grandson of William the Conqueror, Bishop of Winchester, the castle was to become the home of the Bishops of Winchester for over 800 years. The original building was demolished by Henry II in 1155 after the Anarchy and then rebuilt in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. The castle was slighted again after the Civil War in 1648. Since then more buildings have been constructed in the castle's grounds, the most impressive being those built by Bishop George Morley in the 17th century.

The architecture reflects changing styles through the ages, making it one of the most important historical buildings in the south of England. It is an impressive stone motte and bailey fortress, which has been in continuous occupation since the 12th century. The large motte was formed around the massive foundations of a Norman tower and then totally enclosed by a shell-keep, with buttress turrets and a shallow gatehouse. Attached to the motte is a triangular inner bailey, with a fine range of domestic buildings and a 15th century brick entrance tower. The formidable outer bailey curtain wall has square flanking towers, a 13th century gatehouse and a large ditch.

The castle is set in convert|5|acre|m2 of gardens overlooking the picturesque town of Farnham.

In the second world war, the castle was the location of the "Camouflage Development and Training Centre". [cite web| url=http://living.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=40952006 | title=Surrealist who tried to paint a whole nation green | work= The Scotsman | author=Roger Cox | accessdate=2007-03-04] Here, artists such as Roland Penrose, Stanley William Hayter, and Julian Trevelyan as well as the magician Jasper Maskelyne were trained in the arts of military camouflage.

For the last 50 years the castle has been an intercultural training and conference centre, [The Farnham Castle International Briefing and Conference Centre] a leading provider of intercultural training, pre-departure expatriate briefings, intensive language training and international business seminars. The keep is open to the public and is managed by English Heritage.

Note

References

* [http://www.castlexplorer.co.uk/england/farnham/farnham.php Farnham Castle 1]
* [http://www.ecastles.co.uk/farnham.html Farnham Castle 2]
*Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, "The David & Charles Book of Castles", David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3

External links

* [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server.php?show=ConProperty.185 Farnham Castle Keep]
* [http://www.farnham.gov.uk/page678b.html?p=12 History of Farnham Castle]
* [http://www.farnhamcastle.com Farnham Castle]
* [http://www.paullee.com/ghosts/vigils.html Ghost vigil at Farnham Castle]


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