Farnham Castle

Farnham Castle

Farnham Castle is a castle in Farnham, Surrey, England (gbmapping|SU839474).

First built in 1138 by Henri de Blois, grandson of William the Conqueror, Bishop of Winchester, the castle was to become the home of the Bishops of Winchester for over 800 years. The original building was demolished by Henry II in 1155 after the Anarchy and then rebuilt in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. The castle was slighted again after the Civil War in 1648. Since then more buildings have been constructed in the castle's grounds, the most impressive being those built by Bishop George Morley in the 17th century.

The architecture reflects changing styles through the ages, making it one of the most important historical buildings in the south of England. It is an impressive stone motte and bailey fortress, which has been in continuous occupation since the 12th century. The large motte was formed around the massive foundations of a Norman tower and then totally enclosed by a shell-keep, with buttress turrets and a shallow gatehouse. Attached to the motte is a triangular inner bailey, with a fine range of domestic buildings and a 15th century brick entrance tower. The formidable outer bailey curtain wall has square flanking towers, a 13th century gatehouse and a large ditch.

The castle is set in convert|5|acre|m2 of gardens overlooking the picturesque town of Farnham.

In the second world war, the castle was the location of the "Camouflage Development and Training Centre". [cite web| url=http://living.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=40952006 | title=Surrealist who tried to paint a whole nation green | work= The Scotsman | author=Roger Cox | accessdate=2007-03-04] Here, artists such as Roland Penrose, Stanley William Hayter, and Julian Trevelyan as well as the magician Jasper Maskelyne were trained in the arts of military camouflage.

For the last 50 years the castle has been an intercultural training and conference centre, [The Farnham Castle International Briefing and Conference Centre] a leading provider of intercultural training, pre-departure expatriate briefings, intensive language training and international business seminars. The keep is open to the public and is managed by English Heritage.



* [http://www.castlexplorer.co.uk/england/farnham/farnham.php Farnham Castle 1]
* [http://www.ecastles.co.uk/farnham.html Farnham Castle 2]
*Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, "The David & Charles Book of Castles", David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3

External links

* [http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server.php?show=ConProperty.185 Farnham Castle Keep]
* [http://www.farnham.gov.uk/page678b.html?p=12 History of Farnham Castle]
* [http://www.farnhamcastle.com Farnham Castle]
* [http://www.paullee.com/ghosts/vigils.html Ghost vigil at Farnham Castle]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Farnham College — is a sixth form college in Farnham, Surrey, UK. It is located on a single campus in a residential area just to the south of Farnham town centre, and is now a foundation college. The majority of its land is leased from the Farnham College… …   Wikipedia

  • Farnham Grammar School — is now called Farnham College which is located in Farnham, Surrey.The grammar school was created some time before 1585 (the date of a donation being made by a Richard Searle to the maintenance of the school in Farnham ). The first evidence that… …   Wikipedia

  • Farnham — infobox UK place country = England latitude=51.20 longitude= 0.79 official name= Farnham static static image caption=Castle Street population = 38,000 shire district= Waverley shire county = Surrey region= South East England map type= Surrey… …   Wikipedia

  • Farnham (Surrey) — 51.213333333333 0.79694444444445 Koordinaten: 51° 13′ N, 0° 48′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Castle class corvette — The Castle class corvettes were an updated version of the much more numerous Flower class corvettes of the Royal Navy, and started appearing during late 1943. They were equipped with radar as well as asdic.The Admiralty had decided to cease… …   Wikipedia

  • Moor Park, Farnham — Visitors on the public footpath through the grounds, perusing the information panel at the front of the house Moor Park, Farnham, Surrey, England is a Grade II listed house set in some 60 acres (240,000 m2) of grounds. It was formerly known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Sally James Farnham — was an American sculptor born Ogdensburg, New York November 26, 1869 into a prominent local family. EducationShe was exposed to art as a child while touring the museums of Europe with her family. In 1896 she married Paulding Farnham, a designer… …   Wikipedia

  • Surrey — This article is about the county of England. For other uses, see Surrey (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Surry (disambiguation). Surrey Motto of County Council: Making Surrey …   Wikipedia

  • Crondall — Coordinates: 51°14′00″N 0°51′46″W / 51.233262°N 0.86272717°W / 51.233262; 0.86272717 …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des propriétés de l'English Heritage — Cette page liste les propriétés de l’English Heritage, l’organisme public indépendant chargé de la gestion du patrimoine historique en Angleterre. Elle les classe selon les régions anglaises, puis selon les comtés cérémoniaux. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.