- Khalwati order
The Khalwati Sufi order (or Halveti, as it is known in
Turkey) is an Islamic Sufibrotherhood (" tariqa"). Along with the Naqshbandi, Qadiriand Shadhiliorders, it is among the most famous Sufi orders. It was founded by Pir Umar Khalwati in the city of Heratin medieval Khorasan (now located in western Afghanistan).
The order spread mostly by wandering
Dervishes in vast area, now being part of Iran, Iraq, Syriaand Turkey. It originally attracted the attention of the Mamluk Sultansof Egyptand Syriawho by and large supported the Sufi orders and gave a great deal of reverence to wandering Dervishes. From their centers of worship (so called " tekkes") in these areas, the order began to spread to the urban centers of the Islamic world.
The order grew in popularity during Ottoman times and spread from its origins in the
Middle Eastto the Balkans (especially in southern Greeceand Macedonia, to Egypt (where it was a popular Sufi order amongst many of the Sheikhs of al-Azhar University),Fact|date=January 2008 Sudanand almost all corners of the Ottoman Empire.
The Khalwati order had many tekkes in
Istanbul, the most famous being the Jerrahi, Ussaki, Sunbuli, Ramazaniyye and Nasuhi. Although the Sufi orders are now abolished in the Republic of Turkey, the above are almost all now mosques and/or places of visitation by Muslimsfor prayer.
The Khalwati order however, still remains strong in
Egyptwhere the Sufi orders do receive a degree of support from the government. The Khalwati order also remains strong in the Sudan.
Nigerian Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio, although a Qadiri, was initiated into the Khalwati order along with the Naqshbandiorder, and Shaykh Ahmed at-Tijaniwas also originally a Khalwati.Fact|date=January 2008
The name of the order is derived from the term "
khalwa", which refers to a spiritual retreat.
* [http://www.ussaki.com/ Home page of the Halveti-Ussaki order (English/Turkish)]
* [http://www.ipek-yolu.com/ Sub-order page of the Halveti-Ussaki order (Turkish)]
* [http://www.jerrahi.org/ Home page of the Halveti-Jerrahi order]
* [http://www.halveti.org/ Home page of the Halveti-Shabani order]
* [http://www.halvetisivasi.com/ Home page of the Halveti-Sivasi order]
* [http://www.halvetisivasi.com/aclist.asp?conID=175&cMode=S Halveti branches]
* [http://www.fonsvitae.com/unveilinglove.html The Unveiling of Love Sufism and the Remembrance of God By Sheikh Muzaffer Ozak]
* [http://www.fonsvitae.com/irshad.html IRSHAD Wisdom of a Sufi Master By Sheikh Muzaffer Ozak Al-Jerrahi]
* [http://www.fonsvitae.com/gardenceremony.html Garden of Paradise - Sufi Ceremony of Remembrance - Music CD Sheikh Muzzafer Ozak and the Halveti-Jerrahi Order of Dervishes]
* [http://www.fonsvitae.com/helveti-jerrahi-muzaffer.html Lifting the Boundaries: Muzaffer Efendi and the Transmission of Sufism to the West by Gregory Blann]
* [http://www.arches.uga.edu/~godlas/Sufism.html A link to numerous articles on Sufism including the Khalwati order.]
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