- Canton, Ohio
official_name = City of Canton
nickname = Hall of Fame City
image_caption = Skyline of downtown Canton from William McKinley Monument in Monument Park.
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within the state of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Stark
William J. Healy II(D) [ [http://www.cityofcanton.com/citygov/mayorsoffice/profile.html|City of Canton: Profile of Current Mayor] Retrieved 2007-01-02. ]
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 20.6
area_land_sq_mi = 20.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.05
area_total_km2 = 53.3
area_land_km2 = 53.2
area_water_km2 = 0.1
elevation_m = 323
elevation_ft = 1060
latd = 40 |latm = 48 |lats = 18 |latNS = N
longd = 81 |longm = 22 |longs = 33 |longEW = W
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes = cite web|url=http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-04-39.csv|title=Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Ohio, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007|accessdate=2008-08-03|format=|publisher=U.S. Census Bureau] cite web|url=http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-EST2007-01.csv|title=Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007|accessdate=2008-08-03|format=|publisher=U.S. Census Bureau]
population_total = 78319
population_metro = 407180
population_density_km2 = 1518.2
postal_code = 44700-44799
area_code = 330/234
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latitude = 40°48'18" N
longitude = 81°22'33" W
website = http://www.cantonohio.gov
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 39-12000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1048580GR|3
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1805
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1815 (village)
established_title3 = -
established_date3 = 1854 (city)
Canton is a city in the
U.S. stateof Ohioand the county seatof Stark CountyGR|6. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio and is situated on the Nimishillen Creek, approximately 24 miles (38 km) south of Akron [cite web| last =| first =| authorlink =| coauthors =| title =Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Akron, Ohio| work =| publisher =Mapquest| date = June 5, 2007| url =http://www.mapquest.com/directions/main.adp?go=1&do=nw&rmm=1&un=m&cl=EN&ct=NA&rsres=1&1ffi=&1l=&1g=&1pl=&1v=&1n=&2ffi=&2l=&2g=&2pl=&2v=&2n=&1pn=&1a=&1c=Canton+&1s=OH&1z=&2pn=&2a=&2c=Akron&2s=OH&2z=&r=f| format =| doi =| accessdate =2007-06-05] and 60 miles (96 km) south of Cleveland. [cite web| last =| first =| authorlink =| coauthors =| title =Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio| work =| publisher =Mapquest| date =2007-06-05| url =http://www.mapquest.com/directions/main.adp?go=1&do=nw&rmm=1&un=m&cl=EN&ct=NA&rsres=1&1ffi=&1l=&1g=&1pl=&1v=&1n=&2ffi=&2l=&2g=&2pl=&2v=&2n=&1pn=&1a=&1c=Canton+&1s=OH&1z=&2pn=&2a=&2c=Cleveland&2s=OH&2z=&r=f| format =| doi =| accessdate =2007-06-05]
It was founded in 1805 on the West and Middle Branches of the
Nimishillen Creek, and became a manufacturingcenter owing to its location with numerous railroadlines. After the decline of heavy manufacturing, the city's industry has since diversified into service economy, including retailing, education, financial, and healthcare sectors. The population was 80,806 at the 2000 census, but according to a 2007 census estimate, the population has declined to 78,319. Despite this decline, the 2004 figure actually had moved Canton up from 9th to 8th place among Ohio cities, as Youngstown, once considerably more populous than Canton, had suffered a larger decline. According to the US Census 2007 estimate, the Canton-Massillon, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area has a total population of 407,180 residents.
Canton is home to the
Pro Football Hall of Fame, the McKinley National Memorial, the William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, and the First Ladies National Historic Site.
Canton was founded in 1805. Cantonrep.com quotes Kim Kenney, the curator of the William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, whose information came from E.T. Heald's series The Stark County Story, as saying that Canton was incorporated as a village in 1822, and then as a city in 1838. However, the history page of the City of Canton's web page [ [http://www.cityofcanton.com/ Welcome to Canton! ] at www.cityofcanton.com] gives the date for incorporation as a village as being in 1815, as a town in 1834, and as a city in 1854. [http://www.cantonrep.com/index.php?ID=279481 http://www.cantonrep.com/index.php?ID=279481] , and [http://www.cityofcanton.com/citygov/cityofcanton/history.html http://www.cityofcanton.com/citygov/cityofcanton/history.html] ]
Bezaleel Wells, the surveyor who divided the land of the town, named it after Canton (an antiquated transliteration for
Guangzhou), China. The name was a memorial to a trader named John O'Donnell, whom Wells admired. O'Donnell had named his Marylandplantation after the Chinese city, as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore.
Canton is located at coor dms|40|48|18|N|81|22|33|W|city (40.804958, -81.375792)GR|1, at an elevation of 1060 feet (323 m). [cite web | url = Gnis3|1048580 | title = Geographic Names Information System entry for Canton | accessdate=2007-01-13]
Nimishillen Creekand its East, Middle and West Branches flow through the city. [ DeLorme(1991). "Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer". Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.]
Canton is bordered by Plain Township and North Canton to the north, Meyers Lake and Perry Township to the west, Canton Township to the South, and Nimishillen Township, Osnaburg Township and East Canton to the east. Annexations were approved in December 2006 extending Canton's eastern boundary to East Canton's border. [ [http://www.cantonrepository.com/index.php?ID=326200&Category=11&fromSearch=yes&subCategoryID=0 CantonRep.com - Canton and Stark County News ] ] [ [http://www.cantonrep.com/index.php?Category=9&ID=327277&r=20&subCategoryID= CantonRep.com - Canton and Stark County News ] ]
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.3 km²), of which, 20.5 square miles (53.2 km²) of it is land and 0.05% is water.
Canton is the largest principal city of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Carroll and Stark counties [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2006/List4.txt METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] ,
Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-30.] and had a combined population of 406,934 at the 2000 census.GR|2
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 80,806 people, 32,489 households, and 19,785 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 3,932.1 people per square mile (1,518.2/km²). There were 35,502 housing units at an average density of 1,728.0/sq mi (667.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.45% White, 21.04% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.
There were 32,489 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,730, and the median income for a family was $35,680. Males had a median income of $30.628 versus $21,581 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,544. About 15.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Canton works under a Mayor–Council government and it is the largest city in Ohio to operate without a charter. The City council is divided among 9 wards with 3 at-large seats and the council president. The current mayor is William J. Healy II.
The Canton area's economy is primarily industrial, with a significant agricultural segment. The city is home to the
Timken Company, a major manufacturer of tapered roller bearings and specialty steel. Several other large companies operate in the greater-Canton area, including are Belden Brick Company (brick and masonry producer) and Diebold(ATMs, electronic voting devices, and bank vaults). The area is also home to several regional food producers, including Nickels Bakery (baked goods), Park Farms (poultry) and Shearers (snack foods). Poultry production and dairy farming are also important segments of the Canton-area economy.
As in many industrial areas of the United States, employment in the manufacturing sector is in a state of long-term decline.
LTV Steel(formerly Republic Steel) had been a large employer before its bankruptcy in 2000. In 2004, the Timken Company proposed moving its Canton-based bearing production to plants in the South. While Timken's steel production remains centered around Canton, this has struck a blow to the economy and the city's image and pride. The Hoover Company (vacuum and floor cleaners) had been an iconic part of North Cantonfor more than 50 years. It was purchased by Techtronics Industries Co Ltd from the Whirlpool Corporationin January 2007, resulting in the June 2007 closure of the original North Canton site. In response to these manufacturing losses, the area is undergoing a transition to a retail and service-based economy.
Canton, like many mid-size American cities, has lost most of its downtown retail business to the suburbs. The lion's share of the Canton area's retail is located in the general vicinity of the Belden Village Mall in Jackson Township. In recent years, the downtown area has seen some rejuvenation, with cafes, restaurants, and art galleries springing up. Despite the exodus of most of the city's retail to the Belden Village area, a few retail centers remain in Canton (at or near the city limits). Tuscarawas Street (Lincoln Way), a leg of the
Lincoln Highwayconnecting Canton with neighboring Massillon, is home to the Canton Centre Mall and several retail outlets of varying size. A vein of commerce runs along Whipple Ave, connecting the Canton Centre area with the Belden Village area. A similar vein runs north from the downtown area, along Cleveland and Market Avenues. Connecting Cleveland and Market Avenues is a small shopping district on 30th St. NW, and retail lines the Route 62 corridor leading from Canton to Louisville and Alliance.
Arts and education
Canton Museum of Art, founded in 1935, is a broad-based community arts organization designed to encourage and promote the fine arts in Canton. The museum focuses on 19th and 20th Century American artists, specifically works on paper, andon American ceramics, beginning in the 1950s. The museum sponsors annual shows of work of high school students in Canton and Stark County, and financial scholarships are awarded. Educational Outreach programs take the museum off-site to libraries, parochial schools, area public schools, five inner city schools and a school for students with behavioral disorders.
Canton's K-12 students are primarily served by the
Canton City School District, although students north of 17th St. NW have an overlap with Plain Local School District. Malone University, a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Friends Church, is located on 25th St. N.W. Catholic-run Walsh Universityis located nearby in North Canton. Stark State Collegeand a branch of Kent State Universityare also nearby, in Jackson Township.
The city is also served by two Catholic high schools --- St. Thomas Aquinas High School serves the eastern portion of Canton (and eastern Stark County as a whole); while Central Catholic High School (located in Perry Township) serves the western part of Canton (and western Stark County as a whole). Perry Township is also home to Perry High School which serves students from both the Massillon and Canton area. Catholic grade schools within the city limits of Canton are St. Peter, St. Joseph, and
Our Lady of Peace. There is also Heritage Christian School (K-12), a Christian grade school and high school. Canton Country Day School is another private elementary school in the city of Canton. Also within the city limits is the private Canton Montessori School, which teaches according to the Montessori Plan for education proposed by Maria Montessori in the early 20th century.
Canton is served in print by the "
Canton Repository", the city's only daily newspaper.Canton is also served by one individual publication directed towards the citizens of Canton themselves called the "Canton Quarterly".
Canton, like Akron to the north, is part of the Cleveland television market. However, due to its proximity to Youngstown, it is not uncommon for residents to receive stations from that area as well via over-the-air television transmissions.
There are also 3 television stations that broadcast from Canton, though none of them are major network affiliates.
WDLI- (TBN) - Canton - Christian
WIVM-LP- (A1) - Canton - Local, independent
WOAC- (IND) - Canton - infomercials
Canton also has a
cable television public accesschannel, Canton City Schools TV 11. The content varies based on the viewer's location. Citizens located in North Canton will see North Canton's programming instead of Canton City's. Those within the borders of Plain Local Schools will see Eagle Television's programming.
*640 WHLO, (
Clear Channel, News - Talk- Sports) - Akron
*900: WCER, (Melodynamic Broadcasting Corporation, Christian Talk) - Canton
*1060: WILB, ( [http://www.livingbreadradio.com Living Bread Radio] Inc., Catholic) - Canton
WARF, ( Clear Channel, News - Talk- Sports) - Akron
*1480: WHBC, (
NextMedia Group, News - Talk) - Canton
*1520: WINW, (Unknown, Black Gospel) - Canton
WKSU, ( Kent State University, Classical, NPR) "89.1 WKSU" - Kent
WDJQ, (Donald Peterson, Top 40/CHR) "Q92" - Alliance
WHBC-FM, ( NextMedia Group, Hot AC) "Mix 94.1" - Canton
WNPQ, (Tuscarawas Broadcasting Co., Contemporary Christian) "95.9 The Light" - New Philadelphia
WKDD, ( Clear Channel Communications, Hot AC) "98.1 WKDD" - Canton
WHOF, ( Clear Channel Communications, Adult Contemporary "my 101.7" North Canton
WRQK, ( Clear Channel Communications, Hard Rock) "Rock 106.9" - Canton
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Mahoning+Rd+NE+and+Harrisburg+Rd+NE,+Canton+OH+44705&ll=40.809782,-81.34964&spn=0.014584,0.043259&om=1/ Crystal Park]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Harter+Ave+NW+and+3rd+St.+NW,+Canton+OH++44708&ll=40.802245,-81.418262&spn=0.013676,0.043259&om=1/ Harter Heights]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Cherry+Ave+SE+and+Alan+Page+Dr+SE,+Canton+OH+44707&ll=40.784636,-81.371312&spn=0.01459,0.043259&om=1/ Highland Park]
* [http://www.marketheights.org/ Market Heights]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Summit+Elementary+School,+1033+Troy+Pl+NW,+Canton+OH+44703&cid=40809791,-81381439,17941292438362623279&li=lmd&ll=40.807053,-81.381698&spn=0.003646,0.007317&om=1/ Summit]
*West Branch Park
Canton is home to the
Pro Football Hall of Fame. The American Professional Football Association, the forerunner of the NFL, was founded in a Canton car dealership on September 17, 1920.
Every summer, Canton holds the Pro Football Hall of Fame Festival, which includes a
hot air balloonfestival, ribs burn-off, fashion show, community parade, Sunday morning race, enshrinenee dinner, and the Pro Football Hall of Fame Grande Parade, and culminates in the enshrinement of the new inductees and then the NFL Hall of Fame Game, a pre-season exhibition between teams representing the AFC and the NFC at Fawcett Stadium. Fawcett, used during the regular season by McKinley and Timken high schools in Canton (as well as some other area schools and colleges) has been recognized by The Sporting News. The Canton Bulldogswere an NFLfootball team that played from 1920-1923 skipped 1924 season then played 1925 to '26 before folding.
Three of the
OHSAAstate final football games are hosted in Canton at Fawcett Stadium. The other three take place in nearby Massillon, Ohio, at Paul Brown Tiger Stadium.
Canton Legendsplay in the American Indoor Football Associationat the Canton Civic Center. The Continental Indoor Football Leaguealso has offices in Canton.
Canton Invadersof the National Professional Soccer League IIand American Indoor Soccer Associationplayed home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Centerfrom 1984 until 1996, winning five league championships.
Canton has been home to professional baseball on several occasions. A number of minor league teams called Canton home in the early 1900s, including the
Canton Terriersin the 1920s and '30s. The Canton-Akron Indianswere the AA affiliate of the major league Cleveland Indiansfor nine years, playing at Thurman Munson Memorial Stadiumuntil the team relocated north to Akron following the 1996 season. Two independent minor league teams, the Canton Crocodilesand the Canton Coyotes, both members of the Frontier League, called Munson Stadium home for several years afterward. The Crocodiles, who won the league championship in their inaugural season in 1997, moved to Washington, Pennsylvania, in 2002, and the Coyotes moved to Columbia, Missouri, in 2003, after just one season in Canton.
Canton is also home of the baton twirling international championships. The event is sponsored by Twirling Unlimited.
Canton is well connected to the
Interstate Highway System. Several highway exits from Interstate 77connect travelers to Canton from Columbia, South Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, Charleston, West Virginiaand points south, and from Cleveland, Ohio, Akron, Ohioand points north.
limited-access highways serve Canton. Several highway exits from U.S. Route 30connect travelers to Canton from Fort Wayne, Indianaand points west, and from Atlantic City, New Jersey, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvaniaand points east. Several local highway exits from U.S. Route 62connect travelers to Canton from Columbus, Ohioand points southwest, and from Youngstown, Ohioand points northeast.
The city has several
arterial roads. Ohio 43 (Market Avenue, Walnut Avenue and Cherry Avenue), Ohio 153 (12th Street and Mahoning Road), Ohio 172 (Tuscarawas Street) / The Lincoln Highway, Ohio 297 (Whipple Avenue and Raff Avenue), Ohio 627 (Faircrest Street), Ohio 687 (Fulton Drive), and Ohio 800 (Cleveland Avenue) / A.K.A. Old Route 8.
Public transportation is provided by
SARTA, the Stark Area Regional Transit Authority.
On the July 21, 2008,
Stephen Colberton " The Colbert Report" made a comment about John McCain making a campaign stop in Canton, Ohio, and "not the crappy Canton in Georgia."cite news |work=The Atlanta Journal-Constitution |title=Colbert's 'crappy Canton' comment puzzles mayor |url=http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/cherokee/stories/2008/07/23/colbert_canton_comment.html |date=2008-07-23 |first=Jamie |last=Gumbrecht] The comment resulted in a local uproar, with the Canton, Georgia, mayor insisting Colbert had never visited the town along with an invitation for him to do so. On July 30, 2008, Colbert apologized for the story, insisting that he was incorrect and that the "real" crappy Canton was Canton, Kansas, after which he made several jokes at the Kansas town's expense. [cite news |work=WXIA-TV |title=Colbert Apologizes To Canton... Sort Of |url=http://www.11alive.com/news/local/story.aspx?storyid=119248&catid=3 |date=2008-07-31 |first=Paul |last=Crawley] [cite news |work=Kansas City Star |title=Stephen Colbert slams Canton, Kansas |url=http://www.kansascity.com/238/story/728196.html |date=2008-07-31 |quote=In "apologizing" to Canton, Ga., on Wednesday's "The Colbert Report," Stephen Colbert slammed Canton, Kan.] On August 5th, Colbert apologized to citizens of Canton, Georgia and Canton, Kansas, then directing his derision on Canton, South Dakota. Colbert later went on to offer a half-hearted apology to Canton, SD before proceeding to mock Canton, Texas.
Jake Abel, actor
Mother Angelica, Roman Catholicnun and foundress of the Eternal Word Television Network
Brannon Braga, television producer and screenwriter
Andrew W. Cordier, U.N. official
Frank De Vol, composer, songwriter, music arranger, actor
Nicholas Diak, writer
Dan Dierdorf, American Footballplayer, television announcer
Mike Doss, American Footballplayer, Minnesota Vikings
Dustin Fox, American Footballplayer, Buffalo Bills
Peggy Ann Garner, actress
Macy Gray, R&B singer
Andy Haag, attorney
* Michael Hawkins,
Ted Henry, television co-anchor of WEWSChannel Five news, Cleveland, Ohio
Phil Hubbard, basketball player and coach
Inhale Exhale, Christian metalband
Karl King, composer and bandleader
Kosta Koufos, basketball player with the Utah Jazzand Greece national team
Frank Lavin, international trade official
Benjamin F. Leiter, mayor of Canton, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Enoch Light, bandleader
Lovedrug, indie band
The Pursuit, Pop band
John Mahon, percussionist with the Elton John Band
* Marilyn Manson (aka
Brian Warner), rock singer of the band of the same name
William McKinley, 25th U.S. President, who is interred in Canton at the McKinley National Memorial
Keith McLeod, NBA basketball player, Dallas Mavericks
Don Mellett, newspaper editor
Marion Motley, American Footballplayer
Thurman Munson, baseballplayer
The O'Jays, soul group
Jack Paar, host of The Tonight Show
Alan Page, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fameand current Associate Justiceof the Minnesota Supreme Court
Jean Peters, actress
Relient K, Christian rockband
Lewis Roth, Assistant Executive Director, Americans for Peace Now
Boz Scaggs, musician
Eric Snow, basketballplayer, Cleveland Cavaliers
LeRoy Sprankle, high school multi-sport coach, author, general manager of the Canton Independents
Jeff Timmons, singer of 98 Degrees
Nick Weatherspoon, former Illinois and professional basketball player
Don Willis, pool player
Nicole Wood, Playboy Playmate
Dave Wottle, Olympic Gold Medalist, 1972 Summer Olympics, Track & Field
James Oliver Huberty, committed a shooting spree in a McDonald's.
Canton has one sister city:
* [http://www.cityofcanton.com Canton's official website]
** [http://www.cityofcanton.com/citygov/cityofcanton/history.html Short page on the history of Canton]
* [http://www.cantonstarkcvb.com/ Canton/Stark County Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [http://www.sartaonline.com/ SARTA - Stark Area Regional Transit Authority]
* [http://www.ccsdistrict.org/ Canton City Schools]
* [http://www.starklibrary.org/ Stark County District Library]
*wikitravel|Canton (Ohio)|CantonGeographic Location (8-way)
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