- Roman Catholicism in Croatia
There are an estimated 3.8 million baptised Roman Catholics in Croatia, roughly 85% of the population. The national sanctuary of Croatia is in Marija Bistrica. The patron of Croatia is Saint Joseph since the Croatian Parliament declared him to be in 1687.
- 1 History
- 2 Hierarchy
- 3 Franciscans
- 4 Other orders
- 5 Places of Pilgrimage of the Croats
- 6 Notable people
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The Church in the Austrian/Austro-Hungarian Empire
The Church in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
In Yugoslavia, the Croatian bishops were part of the Bishops' Conference of Yugoslavia.
The Serbian Orthodox Church acted as a de-facto national church of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During this period, a Serbian Orthodox church was built on the almost entirely Catholic island of Vis and a part of the local population began converting.
The Church in the Independent State of Croatia
In 1941, the Independent State of Croatia was established by the Ustaša puppet regime with Ante Pavelić as its leader. The Independent State of Croatia was one of several Nazi puppet states. The Ustaša regime pursued a genocidal policy against the Serbs (who were Eastern Orthodox Christians), Jews and Roma.
The creation of the Independent State of Croatia was welcomed by most of Roman Catholic priests and the entire hierarchy of the Church. However, one notable figure of the Croatian Catholic Church, Bishop Alojzije Stepinac, made public statements criticising developments in the ISC. On Sunday May 24, 1942 to the irritation of Ustaša officials, he used the pulpit and a diocesan letter to condemn genocide in specific terms:
All men and all races are children of God; all without distinction. Those who are Gypsies, Black, European, or Aryan all have the same rights.... for this reason, the Catholic Church had always condemned, and continues to condemn, all injustice and all violence committed in the name of theories of class, race, or nationality. It is not permissible to persecute Gypsies or Jews because they are thought to be an inferior race.
He also wrote directly to Pavelić, saying on February 24, 1943:
The very Jasenovac camp is a stain on the honor of the ISC. Poglavnik! To those who look at me as a priest and a bishop I say as Christ did on the cross: Father forgive them for they know not what they do.
In December 1941, Chetniks killed a group of five nuns near Goražde. Yugoslav Partisans killed priests Petar Perica and Marijan Blažić on the island of Daksa on October 25, 1944. The Partisans killed fra Maksimilijan Jurčić near Vrgorac in late January, 1945.
The Church in communist Yugoslavia
In 1945, the retired bishop of Dubrovnik, Josip Marija Carević, was murdered by Yugoslav authorities. Bishop Josip Srebrnić was sent to jail for two months. After the war, the number of Catholic publications in Yugoslavia decreased from one hundred to only three.
In 1946, the communist regime introduced the Law on State Registry Books which allowed the confiscation of church registries and other documents. On January 31, 1952, the communist regime banned religious education in public schools. That year the regime also expelled the Catholic Faculty of Theology from the University of Zagreb, to which it was not restored until democratic changes in 1991.
In 1984, the Catholic Church held a National Eucharistic Congress in Marija Bistrica. The central mass held on September 9 was attended by 400,000 people, including 1100 priests, 35 bishops and archbishops, as well as five cardinals. The mass was led by cardinal Franz König, a friend of Aloysius Stepinac from their early studies. In 1987 the Bishops' Conference of Yugoslavia issued a statement calling on the government to respect the right of parents to obtain a religious education for their children.
The Church in the Republic of Croatia
Within Croatia the hierarchy consists of:
Archdioceses and dioceses Croatian name (Arch-)Bishop Est. Cathedral Weblink Archdiocese of Zagreb Zagrebačka nadbiskupija
Cardinal Josip Bozanić 1093 Zagreb Cathedral  Eparchy of Križevci (Greek-Catholic) Križevačka biskupija Nikola Kekić 1777 Križevci Cathedral
 Diocese of Varaždin Varaždinska biskupija Josip Mrzljak 1997 Varaždin Cathedral  Diocese of Sisak Sisačka biskupija Vlado Košić 2009 Sisak Cathedral Diocese of Bjelovar-Križevci Bjelovarsko-križevačka biskupija Vjekoslav Huzjak 2009 Bjelovar Cathedral
Archdiocese of Đakovo-Osijek Đakovačko-osiječka nadbiskupija Marin Srakić 4th century Đakovo Cathedral  Diocese of Požega Požeška biskupija
Antun Škvorčević 1997 Požega Cathedral  Diocese of Srijem (in Serbia) Srijemska biskupija Djuro Gašparović 2008  Archdiocese of Rijeka Riječka nadbiskupija Ivan Devčić 1920 Rijeka Cathedral  Diocese of Gospić-Senj Gospićko-senjska biskupija Mile Bogović 2000 Gospić Cathedral
 Diocese of Krk Krčka biskupija Valter Župan 900 Krk Cathedral  Diocese of Poreč-Pula Porečko-pulska biskupija Ivan Milovan 3rd century Euphrasian Basilica
 Archdiocese of Split-Makarska Splitsko-makarska nadbiskupija Marin Barišić 3rd century Split Cathedral
 Diocese of Dubrovnik Dubrovačka biskupija 990 Sede vacante  Diocese of Hvar Hvarska biskupija Slobodan Štambuk 12th century Hvar Cathedral  Diocese of Kotor (in Montenegro) Kotorska biskupija Ilija Janjić 10th century Kotor Cathedral  Diocese of Šibenik Šibenska biskupija Ante Ivas 1298 Šibenik Cathedral  Archdiocese of Zadar Zadarska nadbiskupija Želimir Puljić 1054 Zadar Cathedral  Military Ordinariate Vojni ordinarijat Juraj Jezerinac 1997 
The bishops are organized into the Croatian Conference of Bishops, which is presided by the Archbishop of Đakovo-Osijek Mons. Marin Srakić.
There are also historical bishoprics, including:
There are three Franciscan provinces in the country:
- the Franciscan Province of Saints Cyril and Methodius based in Zagreb,
- the Franciscan Province of Saint Jerome based in Zadar and
- the Franciscan Province of the Most Holy Redeemer based in Split.
- Croatian Dominican Province
- Croatian Province of the Society of Jesus
- Croatian Salesian Province of Saint Don Bosco
- Croatian Carmelite Province of Saint Joseph the Father
Places of Pilgrimage of the Croats
- Franjo Šeper
- Alojzije Stepinac
- Josip Juraj Strossmayer
- Juraj Dobrila
- Franjo Kuharić (Cardinal before Josip Bozanić)
- Ivan Merz, blessed layman and Catholic activist
- Antun Mahnić, initiator of the Croatian Catholic Movement
- ^ Relief of Saint Joseph placed in Parliament
- ^ Ljiljana Dobrovšak. Ženidbeno (bračno) pravo u 19. stoljeću u Hrvatskoj
- ^ History of the island of Vis
- ^ Apud: Dr. H. Jansen, Pius XII: chronologie van een onophoudelijk protest, 2003, p. 151
- ^ Alojzije Viktor Stepinac: 1896-1960
- ^ Partizan Jure Galić: Moji suborci pobili su 30 Vrgorčana, Slobodna Dalmacija
- ^ Religious Communities in Croatia from 1945 to 1991
- ^ Akmadža, Miroslav. Katolička crkva u Hrvatskoj i komunistički režim 1945 - 1966.. Rijeka: Otokar Keršovani, 2004. (pg. 69)
- ^ Mitja Velikonja. Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Texas A&M University Press, 2003. (p. 200)
- ^ Miroslav Akmadža. Oduzimanje crkvenih matičnih knjiga u Hrvatskoj u vrijeme komunizma
- ^ Akmadža, Miroslav. Katolička crkva u Hrvatskoj i komunistički režim 1945-1966.. Biblioteka Svjedočansta. Rijeka, 2004. (pg. 93)
- ^ Goldstein, Ivo. Croatia: A History . McGill Queen's University Press, 1999. (pg. 169)
- ^ Catholic Faculty of Theology History
- ^ How Gospa destroyed the SFRY, Globus
- ^ Sabrina P. Ramet. Catholicism and politics in communist societies. Duke University Press, 1990. (p. 194)
- ^ Hrvatski katolički radio u povodu 10. obljetnice emitiranja, Glas Koncila
Roman Catholicism in Europe Sovereign
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- San Marino
- United Kingdom
- Northern Ireland
- Vatican City
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- South Ossetia
and other territories
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Roman Catholicism's links with political authorities — The Roman Catholic Church has had constantly evolving relationships with various forms of government, some of them controversial in retrospect. In its history it has had to deal with various concepts and systems of governance, from the Roman… … Wikipedia
Roman Catholicism in France — The Roman Catholic Church of France, sometimes called the eldest daughter of the Church owing to its early and unbroken communion (2nd century) with the bishop of Rome, is part of the worldwide Catholic Church. The French church is under the… … Wikipedia
Roman Catholicism in Serbia — The Catholic Church in Serbia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and Curia in Rome.There are an estimated 433,000 baptised Catholics in Serbia, roughly 6,2% of the population, mostly concentrated… … Wikipedia
Roman Catholicism in Italy — St Peter s Basilica and Vatican City, in Rome are where the bishop of Rome (pope) resides. The Vatican City is in Italy, however is not part of the country, as it is an independent nation. The Italian Catholic Church is part of the global Roman… … Wikipedia
Roman Catholicism in Montenegro — The Catholic Church in Montenegro is a part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. There are 22,000 Catholics in Montenegro, and they form three and a half percent of the population. Most… … Wikipedia
Roman Catholicism in Sweden — The Roman Catholic Church in Sweden or simply the Catholic Church in Sweden, is a relatively small but growing branch of the Catholic Church, constituting 2% [http://www.culturalcatholic.com/CatholicFunFacts.htm] of the population of the… … Wikipedia
Croatia — • Includes history, education, and religion Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Croatia Croatia † … Catholic encyclopedia
Roman Catholic Diocese of Sisak — Diocese of Sisak Location Country Croatia Metropolitan Zagreb Information Rite Lat … Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Diocese of Bjelovar-Križevci — Diocese of Bjelovar Križevci Location Country Croatia Metropolitan Zagreb Information Rite … Wikipedia
Roman Catholic Diocese of Šibenik — Diocese of Šibenik Dioecesis Sebenicensis o Sibenicensis Location Country Croatia Ecclesiastical province Archdiocese of Sp … Wikipedia