Chrysallida


Chrysallida
Chrysallida
Shell of Chrysallida terebellum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
Superfamily: Pyramidelloidea
Family: Pyramidellidae
Subfamily: Odostomiinae
Tribe: Chrysallidini
Genus: Chrysallida
Carpenter, 1857[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms[2]
  • Chrysallida (Pyrgulina) A. Adams, 1864
  • Folinella Dall & Bartsch, 1904
  • Jordaniella Chaster, 1898
  • Parthenina Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1883
  • Partulida Schaufuss, 1869
  • Pyrgulina A. Adams, 1864
  • Tragula Monterosato, 1884

Chrysallida is a speciose genus of minute sea snails, pyramidellid gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Pyramidellidae within the tribe Chrysallidini.[3][4][5]

Contents

Taxonomy

The genus Folinella had two preoccupied names - Amoura De Folin, 1873 not J.E. Gray 1847, and Funicularia Monterosato, 1884 not Forbes, 1845.

Distribution

The genus Chrysallida is common in all oceans from the tropics to the polar regions. It is mainly known from coastal areas, and is uncommon in the deep sea.

The members of Chrysallida are ectoparasites on serpulid polychaetes.

Species

Species within the genus Chrysallida include:[6]


The following species were brought into synonymy:[6]

  • Chrysallida alleryi (Kobelt, 1903) accepted as Chrysallida monterosatii (Clessin, 1900)
  • Chrysallida antimaiae Schander, 1994 accepted as Chrysallida obesa (Dautzenberg, 1912)
  • Chrysallida approximans (Dautzenberg, 1912) accepted as Kongsrudia approximans (Dautzenberg, 1912)
  • Chrysallida brusinai (Cossmann, 1921) accepted as Chrysallida incerta (Milaschewitsch, 1916)
  • Chrysallida colungiana F. Nordsieck, 1972 accepted as Chrysallida dollfusi (Kobelt, 1903)
  • Chrysallida doliolum (Philippi, 1844) accepted as Odostomella doliolum (Philippi, 1844)
  • Chrysallida epitenoides van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 2000 accepted as Chrysallida epitonoides van Aartsen, Gittenberger E. & Goud, 2000
  • Chrysallida ersei Schander, 1994 accepted as Kongsrudia ersei (Schander, 1994)
  • Chrysallida farolita F. Nordsieck, 1972 accepted as Chrysallida interstincta (Adams J., 1797)
  • Chrysallida gruveli (Dautzenberg, 1910) accepted as Kongsrudia gruveli (Dautzenberg, 1910)
  • Chrysallida interspatiosa van der Linden & Eikenboom, 1992 accepted as Chrysallida flexuosa (Monterosato, 1874)
  • Chrysallida lacourti F. Nordsieck, 1972 accepted as Chrysallida pellucida (Dillwyn, 1817)
  • Chrysallida mumia A. Adams, 1861 accepted as Turbonilla mumia (A. Adams, 1861)
  • Chrysallida mutata (Dautzenberg, 1912) accepted as Kongsrudia mutata (Dautzenberg, 1912)
  • Chrysallida nanodea (Monterosato, 1878) accepted as Chrysallida juliae (de Folin, 1872)
  • Chrysallida obtusa (Brown, 1827) accepted as Chrysallida interstincta (Adams J., 1797)
  • Chrysallida spiralis (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Chrysallida pellucida (Dillwyn, 1817)
  • Chrysallida verdensis Penas & Rolan, 1998 accepted as Chrysallida verdensis Peñas & Rolán, 1998

Ecology

Little is known about the ecology of the members of this genus. As is true of most members of the Pyramidellidae sensu lato, they are most likely ectoparasites.

References

  1. ^ Carpenter (1857). Proc. zool. Soc. London 24: 170.
  2. ^ WoRMS (2010). Chrysallida Carpenter, 1857. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138401 on 2010-05-04
  3. ^ Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks) 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3925919724. ISSN 0076-2997. http://www.archive.org/details/malacologia47122005inst. 
  4. ^ Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213
  5. ^ Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
  6. ^ a b Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2011). Chrysallida Carpenter, 1856. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138401 on 2011-10-26

Further reading

  • Carpenter, P. P. (1856). "Description of new species and varieties of Calyptraeidae, Trochidae, and Pyramidellidae, principally in the collection of Hugh Cumming, Esq.". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 24: 166–171. 
  • Dall, W. H. & Bartsch, P (1904). "Synopsis of genera, subgenera, and sections of the family Pyramidellidae". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 17: 1–16. 
  • De Folin, L. & Périer, L. (1867–1887). Les Fonds de la Mer, etudes internationale sur les perticularities nouvelles des regions sous-marines 1-4. 

External links


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