- European Defence Initiative
EDAThe European Defence Initiative is a proposal for enhanced
European Uniondefence cooperation presented by France, Germany, Belgiumand Luxembourgin Brusselson 29 April 2004. It was based on the reinforced cooperation principle and aimed for better reactivity under the European Security and Defence Policy(ESDP). Some critics felt that this intra-European process would be a source of tension in the transatlantic arena with NATOand some felt that this was a duplication of existing means with the call for a distinct European headquarters. There were also some concerns about a multi-speed Europe. The UK was initially opposed to the concept but subsequently modified its position in favour.
It is sometimes referred to as the "Initiative of the Four".
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