The Ganj-i-Sawai was a heavily armed trading ship belonging to the Mughal emperor
Aurangzebwhich along with its escort the Fateh Muhammedwas captured in the September of 1694 by the English pirate Henry Everyen route from present day Saudi Arabiato Surat, India.
In August, 1694, Every and the "Fancy" reached the Mandab Strait, where he teamed up with four other pirate ships, including
Thomas Tew's sloop"Amity". Although a 25-ship Mughal convoy bound for India eluded the pirate fleet during the night, the following day they encountered the " Ganj-I-Sawai", and its escort " Fateh Muhammed", both passing the straits en route to Surat.
Every and his men attacked the "Fateh Muhammed", which had earlier repulsed an attack by the "Amity", killing Captain Tew. Perhaps intimidated by the "Fancy's" 46 guns or weakened by their earlier battle with Tew, the "Fateh Muhammed"'s crew put up little resistance, and Every's pirates sacked the ship for £50,000 worth of treasure.
Every now sailed in pursuit of the "Ganj-I-Sawai", overtaking her about eight days out of Surat. The "Ganj-I-Sawai" was a fearsome opponent, mounting 62 guns and a musket-armed guard of four to five hundred, as well as six hundred other passengers. But the opening volley evened the odds, as one of the Indian ship's cannons exploded, killing three or four gunners and causing great confusion and demoralization among the crew, while Every's
broadsideshot his enemy's mainmast by the board. The "Fancy" drew alongside the "Ganj-I-Sawai" and the pirates clambered aboard.
A ferocious hand-to-hand battle ensued, in which Every's outnumbered crew lost 20 men. However, the superior Indian force was let down by its leader, Ibrahim Khan, who rushed below and hid among his concubines. After two hours of fierce but leaderless resistance, the Indians surrendered.
The victorious pirates then subjected their captives to several days of horror, raping and
murdering prisoners at will, and using tortureto force them to reveal the location of the ships' treasure. Some of the Muslim women committed suicideto avoid violation or humiliation. Those women who did not kill themselves or die from the pirates' brutality were taken aboard the "Fancy". The other survivors were left aboard their ships, which the pirates set free.
The loot from the "Ganj-I-Sawai" totalled between £325,000 and £600,000, including 500,000
goldand silverpieces. Every and the surviving pirate captains set sail for Réunion, where they shared out £1,000 and some gemstonesto every man in the crew.
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