Baltic Defense

Baltic Defense

moves = 1.d4 d5 2.c4 Bf5
ECO = D06
birth =
nameorigin = Paul Keres (Born in the Baltic state Estonia)
parentopening = Queen's Gambit Declined
AKA = Grau (Sahovic) defence
chessgid = 432487&move=3&moves=d4.d5.c4.Bf5&nodes=10703.75972.75973.432487

The Baltic Defense or Keres Defense is a chess opening that is characterized by the following moves::1. :2.

(The similarly-named Baltic Opening is a different opening played by White that begins 1. Nc3.)

The Baltic is an unusual variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined. It has not found widespread acceptance among chess masters, but some world-class players have used it including grandmasters Paul Keres and Alexei Shirov.

In most defenses to the Queen's Gambit Declined, Black has difficulties developing his queen bishop. This opening takes a radical approach to the problem by bringing out the queen bishop immediately.

White has a number of moves in reply to this opening, including 3.Qb3, 3.Nc3, 3.cxd5, 3.e3, and 3.Nf3.


last=Nunn | first=John | authorlink=John Nunn
year=1999 | title=Nunn's Chess Openings
publisher=Everyman Chess

* Polugajewski, Lev (1984), "Damengambit, Tschigorin System bis Tarrasch-Verteidigung", Sportverlag Berlin

Further reading

* "Baltic Defense to the Queens Gambit", by Andrew Soltis, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-228-6.

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