- Cherokee class brig-sloop
Longitudinal section of HMS Beagle (Cherokee class) as of 1832
Class overview Name: Cherokee-class brig-sloop Operators: Royal Navy Completed: 36 in first batch
34 in second batch
34 in third batch (with another 4 cancelled and 6 completed as steam vessels)
General characteristics Type: Brig-sloop Tons burthen: 235 bm Length: 90.3 ft (27.5 m) Beam: 24.5 ft (7.5 m) Draught: 12.5 ft (3.8 m) Propulsion: Sails Complement: 120 as a ship-of-war, 65 plus 9 supernumeraries on survey voyages Armament: 10 guns: 2 x 6pdr + 8 x 18pdr carronades
reduced to 6 guns for survey voyages
The Cherokee class was a 10-gun class of brig-sloops of the Royal Navy. Brig-sloops are sloops-of-war with two masts (as per brigs) rather than the three masts of ship-sloops. The best known of the class was HMS Beagle, converted in 1825 into a three-masted exploration vessel for its first survey voyage, then considerably modified for the second voyage with Charles Darwin on board as a gentleman naturalist; however, a total of 114 vessels were ordered to this design, including 4 which were cancelled and 6 completed as steam vessels.
The design for the Cherokee class was completed in 1807 by Henry Peake and approved on 26 November 1807, with the first four vessels having been ordered in March 1807 but not laid down until December; by the end of 1808 another 30 vessels had been ordered to this design. After these 34, a further 2 were ordered in 1812 which were built of teak at Bombay. The design was subsequently revived after the end of the Napoleonic Wars, and another 78 were ordered in two batches between 1817 and 1827. The first batch of these later ships consisted of 34 orders whilst the second amounted to 44 new vessels of which 4 were cancelled and 6 replaced by orders for paddle vessels.
The first four vessels listed below were ordered on 30 March 1807, two more on 26 November 1807 and the next twenty vessels on 31 December 1807. Eight more orders were placed during 1808.
Name Launched edit] 1818-1838 Vessels
Unlike the wartime batch, all the following were built in the Royal Dockyards rather than by contractors. Note that several names of vessels from the 1808-1816 batch were re-used for vessels in the second or third batches (as indicated below).
Thirty-four vessels were ordered in 1817-1820.
Name Built by
Launched Deptford 29 December 1818 Chatham 12 December 1818 Chatham 10 February 1819 Portsmouth 10 May 1819 Portsmouth 11 May 1819 Deptford 28 July 1820 Plymouth 23 July 1819 Pembroke 10 June 1820 HMS Beagle Woolwich 11 May 1820 Woolwich 13 May 1820 Plymouth 16 December 1819 Pembroke 10 June 1820 Plymouth 1 June 1821 Portsmouth 26 July 1820 Portsmouth 24 August 1820 Plymouth 22 March 1822 Pembroke 26 October 1821 Chatham 26 March 1822 Woolwich 11 March 1823 Chatham 21 June 1822 Deptford 10 June 1823 Woolwich 13 March 1823 Pembroke 1 November 1823 Sheerness 11 December 1821 Sheerness 24 January 1822 Portsmouth 30 June 1821 Portsmouth 12 October 1821 Plymouth 8 December 1824 Plymouth 19 May 1825 Woolwich 16 September 1826 Portsmouth 28 April 1823 Portsmouth 12 May 1823
In addition, another ship was ordered as HMS Halcyon, but was cancelled in 1831. Two more, HMS Griffon and HMS Forester were re-ordered in the third batch in 1826.
Forty-four vessels were ordered in 1823-1826, but of these only thirty-four were built as sailing brigs.
Name Built by
Launched Portsmouth 19 February 1825 Portsmouth 19 February 1825 Chatham 22 October 1824 Portsmouth 14 September 1825 Chatham 20 February 1825 HMS Sheldrake Pembroke 19 May 1825 Chatham 16 July 1825 Chatham 25 April 1826 Pembroke 6 May 1826 Chatham 9 May 1826 Chatham 19 August 1826 Pembroke 6 October 1827 Pembroke 6 October 1827 Deptford 3 July 1829 Portsmouth 17 August 1829 Portsmouth 17 August 1829 Plymouth 29 September 1829 Pembroke 12 October 1829 Plymouth 10 December 1829 Plymouth 29 December 1830 Plymouth 30 January 1831 Plymouth 28 July 1832 Portsmouth 26 March 1838 Portsmouth 2 September 1833 Woolwich 11 March 1830 Woolwich 25 February 1830 Chatham 27 November 1829 Chatham 1 August 1829 Chatham 11 September 1832 Chatham 28 August 1832 Pembroke 12 October 1829 Pembroke 24 May 1830 Portsmouth 27 February 1831 Portsmouth 23 March 1834
Six further vessels were re-ordered as paddle steamers in May 1824 - HMS Alban, HMS Carron, HMS Columbia, HMS Confiance, HMS Dee and HMS Echo. Four more vessels were cancelled - HMS Sealark, HMS Hyaena, HMS Foxhound and HMS Helena.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Rif Winfield, The Sail and Steam Navy List, 1815-1889 (Chatham Publishing, 2004)
- Rif Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1793-1817 (Chatham Publishing, 2005)
- Rif Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714-1792 (Seaforth Publishing, 2007).
- FitzRoy, Robert (1839). Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle's circumnavigation of the globe. Proceedings of the second expedition, 1831-36, under the command of Captain Robert Fitz-Roy, R.N.. II. London: Henry Colburn. http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F10.2&viewtype=text&pageseq=1. Retrieved 2009-01-30.
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