Cherokee class brig-sloop


Cherokee class brig-sloop
Longitudinal section of HMS Beagle as of 1842
Longitudinal section of HMS Beagle (Cherokee class) as of 1832
Class overview
Name: Cherokee-class brig-sloop
Operators:  Royal Navy
Completed: 36 in first batch
34 in second batch
34 in third batch (with another 4 cancelled and 6 completed as steam vessels)
General characteristics
Type: Brig-sloop
Tons burthen: 235 bm
Length: 90.3 ft (27.5 m)
Beam: 24.5 ft (7.5 m)
Draught: 12.5 ft (3.8 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Complement: 120 as a ship-of-war, 65 plus 9 supernumeraries on survey voyages
Armament: 10 guns: 2 x 6pdr + 8 x 18pdr carronades
reduced to 6 guns for survey voyages

The Cherokee class was a 10-gun class of brig-sloops of the Royal Navy. Brig-sloops are sloops-of-war with two masts (as per brigs) rather than the three masts of ship-sloops. The best known of the class was HMS Beagle, converted in 1825 into a three-masted exploration vessel for its first survey voyage, then considerably modified for the second voyage with Charles Darwin on board as a gentleman naturalist; however, a total of 114 vessels were ordered to this design, including 4 which were cancelled and 6 completed as steam vessels.[1][2]

Contents

Design

The design for the Cherokee class was completed in 1807 by Henry Peake and approved on 26 November 1807, with the first four vessels having been ordered in March 1807 but not laid down until December; by the end of 1808 another 30 vessels had been ordered to this design. After these 34, a further 2 were ordered in 1812 which were built of teak at Bombay. The design was subsequently revived after the end of the Napoleonic Wars, and another 78 were ordered in two batches between 1817 and 1827. The first batch of these later ships consisted of 34 orders whilst the second amounted to 44 new vessels of which 4 were cancelled and 6 replaced by orders for paddle vessels.

1808-1816 Vessels

The first four vessels listed below were ordered on 30 March 1807, two more on 26 November 1807 and the next twenty vessels on 31 December 1807. Eight more orders were placed during 1808.

Name Launched
edit] 1818-1838 Vessels

Unlike the wartime batch, all the following were built in the Royal Dockyards rather than by contractors. Note that several names of vessels from the 1808-1816 batch were re-used for vessels in the second or third batches (as indicated below).

Thirty-four vessels were ordered in 1817-1820.

Name Built by
HM Dockyard
Launched
Deptford 29 December 1818
Chatham 12 December 1818
Chatham 10 February 1819
Portsmouth 10 May 1819
Portsmouth 11 May 1819
Deptford 28 July 1820
Plymouth 23 July 1819
Pembroke 10 June 1820
HMS Beagle Woolwich 11 May 1820
Woolwich 13 May 1820
Plymouth 16 December 1819
Pembroke 10 June 1820
Plymouth 1 June 1821
Portsmouth 26 July 1820
Portsmouth 24 August 1820
Plymouth 22 March 1822
Pembroke 26 October 1821
Chatham 26 March 1822
Woolwich 11 March 1823
Chatham 21 June 1822
Deptford 10 June 1823
Woolwich 13 March 1823
Pembroke 1 November 1823
Sheerness 11 December 1821
Sheerness 24 January 1822
Portsmouth 30 June 1821
Portsmouth 12 October 1821
Plymouth 8 December 1824
Plymouth 19 May 1825
Woolwich 16 September 1826
Portsmouth 28 April 1823
Portsmouth 12 May 1823

In addition, another ship was ordered as HMS Halcyon, but was cancelled in 1831. Two more, HMS Griffon and HMS Forester were re-ordered in the third batch in 1826.

Forty-four vessels were ordered in 1823-1826, but of these only thirty-four were built as sailing brigs.

Name Built by
HM Dockyard
Launched
Portsmouth 19 February 1825
Portsmouth 19 February 1825
Chatham 22 October 1824
Portsmouth 14 September 1825
Chatham 20 February 1825
HMS Sheldrake Pembroke 19 May 1825
Chatham 16 July 1825
Chatham 25 April 1826
Pembroke 6 May 1826
Chatham 9 May 1826
Chatham 19 August 1826
Pembroke 6 October 1827
Pembroke 6 October 1827
Deptford 3 July 1829
Portsmouth 17 August 1829
Portsmouth 17 August 1829
Plymouth 29 September 1829
Pembroke 12 October 1829
Plymouth 10 December 1829
Plymouth 29 December 1830
Plymouth 30 January 1831
Plymouth 28 July 1832
Portsmouth 26 March 1838
Portsmouth 2 September 1833
Woolwich 11 March 1830
Woolwich 25 February 1830
Chatham 27 November 1829
Chatham 1 August 1829
Chatham 11 September 1832
Chatham 28 August 1832
Pembroke 12 October 1829
Pembroke 24 May 1830
Portsmouth 27 February 1831
Portsmouth 23 March 1834

Six further vessels were re-ordered as paddle steamers in May 1824 - HMS Alban, HMS Carron, HMS Columbia, HMS Confiance, HMS Dee and HMS Echo. Four more vessels were cancelled - HMS Sealark, HMS Hyaena, HMS Foxhound and HMS Helena.

References


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