- Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques
The Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (I.H.É.S., en: Institute of Advanced Scientific Studies) is a French institute supporting advanced research in
mathematicsand theoretical physics. It is located in Bures-sur-Yvettejust south of Paris.
The IHÉS, founded in 1958 by businessman and mathematician
Léon Motchanewith the help of Robert Oppenheimerand Jean Dieudonné, aims to bring together top researchers in the field. It has a small number of permanent professors, appointed for life, and invites about 200 visitors a year for varying terms averaging three months. It also has a small number of so-called long-term visitors. Research is not contracted or directed: it is left to each individual researcher to pursue their own goals. Permanent professors are only required to be in residence six months a year.
Design of the IHÉS is said to be influenced by Robert Oppenheimer, who was then the Director of the
Institute for Advanced Studyin Princeton. The strong personality of Alexandre Grothendieckand the broad sweep of his revolutionizing theories were a dominating feature of the first ten years at the IHÉS. René Thomwas another prominent figure in its early history. Dennis Sullivanis remembered as one who had a special talent for encouraging fruitful exchanges among visitors and provoking a new and deeper insight into their ideas.
The IHÉS runs a highly regarded mathematical journal,
Publications Mathématiques de l'IHÉS.
The Directors of the IHÉS in chronological order: Léon Motchane (1958–71),
Nicolaas Kuiper(1971–85), Marcel Berger(1985–94), Jean-Pierre Bourguignon(1994–now).
Some of the top mathematicians who were or are now permanent professors at the IHÉS include
Alexandre Grothendieck, Jean Bourgain, Alain Connes, Pierre Deligne, René Thom, Pierre Cartier, Mikhail Gromov, Maxim Kontsevich, and Laurent Lafforgue.
* Home page: http://www.ihes.fr
* [http://www.ams.org/notices/199903/ihes-changes.pdf The IHÉS at Forty] , by Allyn Jackson
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