Alexis-Armand Charost


Alexis-Armand Charost

infobox cardinalstyles
cardinal name=Alexis Charost
dipstyle=His Eminence
offstyle=Your Eminence
See=Rennes |

Alexis-Armand Charost (November 14, 1860—November 7, 1930) was a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Rennes from 1921 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1922.

Biography

Alexis Charost was born in Le Mans, and studied at the seminary in Le Mans, Pontifical French Seminary in Rome, and Catholic University of Angers. He was ordained to the priesthood on May 19, 1883, and then taught at the School of Sainte-Croix until 1892. Charost served as director of the Internship of Notre Dame de la Couture in Le Mans from 1892 to 1894, whence he became secretary to Archbishop Guillaume Labouré. He was later made titular canon of the cathedral chapter of Rennes in 1899, and vicar general and director of secondary studies of the same in 1909.

On February 14, 1913, Charost was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Cambrai and Titular Bishop of "Milopotamus" by Pope Pius X. He received his episcopal consecration on the following May 13 from Archbishop Auguste Dubourg, with Bishops François-Marie-Joseph Delamaire and Olivier de Durfort de Civbac serving as co-consecrators, in the metropolitan cathedral of Rennes.

Charost was later named the first Bishop of Lille on November 21 of that same year, and served as acting Chancellor of the Catholic University of Lille in 1915, rising to become full Chancellor in 1919. During World War I, he encouraged the Catholics under his jurisdiction to practice passive resistance against the German Empire, who had occupied Lille [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,740722,00.html Milestones] November 17, 1930] ; the Bishop also protested the Germans' actions to Cardinal Felix von Hartmann [New York Times. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9405E1DA1331E433A25756C2A9659C946896D6CF CALLED LILLE PLEA WICKED; Germans Scolded Archbishop for Receiving It, Mgr. Charost Says] March 25, 1919] . On June 15, 1920, he was promoted to Coadjutor Archbishop of Rennes and Titular Archbishop of "Chersonesus in Zechia". Charost later succeeded Cardinal Dubourg as Archbishop of Rennes upon the latter's death on September 22, 1921.

Pope Pius XI created him Cardinal Priest of "S. Maria della Vittoria" in the consistory of December 11, 1922. Charost served as papal legate to the centennial celebrations in honor of Cardinal Charles Lavigerie in Algiers on August 25, 1925, to the fiftieth anniversary of the Catholic University of Lille on March 14, 1927, and to the celebrations in honor of St. Thérèse de Lisieux in Lisieux on September 15, 1929.

The Cardinal died in Rennes, at age 69. He is buried in the Cathedral of Rennes.

References

External links

* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-c.htm#Charost Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
* [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bcharost.html Catholic-Hierarchy]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexis-Armand Charost — Biographie Naissance 14 novembre 1860 au Mans (France) Ordination sacerdotale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexis-Armand Charost — Alexis Armand Kardinal Charost (* 14. November 1860 in Le Mans, Frankreich; † 7. November 1930 in Rennes) war Erzbischof von Rennes. Leben Alexis Armand Charost studiert …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charost — Alexis Armand Kardinal Charost (* 14. November 1860 in Le Mans, Frankreich; † 7. November 1930 in Rennes) war Erzbischof von Rennes. Leben Alexis Armand Charost studierte in Le Mans, Rom und Angers die Fächer Katholische Theologie und Philosophie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexis (Vorname) — Alexis ist ein männlicher und weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutung und Herkunft 2 Namenstag 3 Namensträger (Auswahl) 4 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Cha — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bischof von Rennes — Die folgenden Personen waren Bischöfe und Erzbischöfe des Erzbistums Rennes (Frankreich): Modéran I. 358–390 Heiliger Just ca. 388 Riothime 392–403 Elleranus Electranus I. 405–430 Johannes Albius oder Jean d Albe (Le Blanc) Febediolus I. um 439… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bistum Lille — Basisdaten Staat Frankreich Diözesanbischof Laurent Ulrich Emeritierter Diözesanbischof Gérard Defois Jean Vilnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Archidiocèse de Lille — 50° 38′ 24″ N 3° 03′ 47″ E / 50.64, 3.06308 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diocese de Lille — Archidiocèse de Lille Archidiocèse de Lille Archidiœcesis Insulensis L ancien hôtel de Wambrechies, ou hôtel de l Intendance, siège de l Evêché …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diocèse De Lille — Archidiocèse de Lille Archidiocèse de Lille Archidiœcesis Insulensis L ancien hôtel de Wambrechies, ou hôtel de l Intendance, siège de l Evêché …   Wikipédia en Français