Piper Aircraft


Piper Aircraft

Infobox Company
company_name=Piper Aircraft
company_
company_type=privately-held company
foundation= 1927
key_people=
industry=general aviation
location= Vero Beach, FL
company_slogan=
products=
num_employees=
homepage= [http://www.piper.com http://www.piper.com]

Piper Aircraft, Inc., is a manufacturer of general aviation aircraft, located at the Vero Beach Municipal Airport in Vero Beach, Florida.

History

Originally founded as the Taylor Brothers Aircraft Manufacturing Company in September 1927 by Clarence Gilbert Taylor and Gordon A. Taylor in Rochester, New York. The company was renamed to Taylor Brothers Aircraft Corporation in April 1928, shortly before Gordon Taylor died in a plane crash on April 24, 1928. The company was enticed to move to Bradford, Pennsylvania with the promise of larger facility and investment capital from local businessmen, including an initial investment of $400 from local oilman William T. Piper. The move was completed in September, 1929.

In late 1930 the company filed for bankruptcy and William T. Piper purchased the assets of the company for $761. Reorganized as the Taylor Aircraft Company, Piper effectively took control of the firm when he assumed the position of corporate secretary-treasurer, although he retained C. G. Taylor in the role of president. Piper, often called the "Henry Ford of Aviation", firmly believed that a simple-to-operate low-cost private airplane would flourish, even in the darkest depths of the Great Depression.

In December 1935, after a series of clashes, William Piper bought out C. G. Taylor, who left the company and went on to form the Taylorcraft Aircraft Company. On March 16, 1937 a fire destroyed the Bradford factory and Piper relocated to an abandoned silk mill in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. By November, 1937, all traces of Taylors' involvement with the company were erased when it was renamed to Piper Aircraft Corporation.

Manufacture ceased in the mid 1980's when, together with other sellers of light aircraft in the USA, increasing insurance premiums made continued operation financially impossible. Upon limitation of liability provided by new legislation in the early 90's, manufacturing re-commenced in 1995. The firm was re-branded New Piper Aircraft at that time.

As of July 2003, American Capital Strategies, Ltd. owns 94% of Piper's voting equity.

In August 2006 the firm dropped the "New" from its name, reverting to Piper Aircraft. Also in that month, a partnership with Honda was announced to market the new HondaJet.

Aircraft Products

Piper produced the Piper J-3 Cub, a two seat, 65 horsepower (48 kW) high-wing, single-engine aircraft. The Cub was the first inexpensive training aircraft produced in large numbers. Many former military examples were sold to civilian owners over the 1950-1995 period and seem certain to see many more years in recreational use. The more powerful Piper PA-18 Super Cub is popular for use as a glider tug.

The PA-28 Cherokee has been one of the company's most successful products with variants being manufactured almost every other year. Both this design and the twin-engined PA-34 Seneca are used for pilot training around the world. The PA-23 Apache was one of the first aircraft associated with the term "air taxi" although it has largely been superseded in that role by faster and more spacious designs from the competitive Beechcraft Corporation.

Beginning production in 1965, the Piper PA-32 Series raised the bar for versatility in 6 or 7 seat single-engine airplanes. Variously named the "Cherokee Six", "Lance", and "Saratoga", with both fixed and retractable gear models, and with normally aspirated, injected, and turbo-charged engines, the PA-32s are very capable and successful airplanes. They have been widely deployed in a variety of missions (small air-taxies, heavy load-haulers, personal business, etc.) all over the United States. The Saratoga-II HPs and Saratoga TCs are still manufactured and sold today.

With the streamlined and powerful single-engined PA-46 Malibu, the Piper company maintains a presence in the lighter-end of the corporate aircraft market.

Current Piper Aircraft Projects

*In October 2006, Piper Aircraft announced the first jet (that the company would work all the way from design to production) that they would be developing, a single-engined very light jet (VLJ), known as the PiperJet, to compete with the twin-engined Eclipse 500 and Cessna Citation Mustang. The aircraft will carry six (6) passengers, have a single, tail-mounted turbofan, and be capable of cruising at convert|360|kn|km/h, at a maximum altitude of convert|35000|ft|m|abbr=on Maximum range will be 1300 nm, with a full-fuel payload of convert|800|lb|abbr=on. A selling price of $2.199 m (2006 USD) is quoted. An Entry-into-Service date of early 2010 is anticipated. On June 30, 2008 the Piper Jet made its maiden test flight at Vero Beach, Florida. cite web|url = http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/PiperJet_FirstFlight_198463-1.html|title = PiperJet Makes First Flight |accessdate = 2008-07-31|last = Niles|first = Russ|authorlink = |year = 2008|month = July]
*In September 2007, Piper announced the Matrix, an unpressurized, single-engine piston aircraft based on the Mirage. It will seat six and will be sold for a base price of $757,000 (2007 USD), to be a third model in the Malibu family, along with the top-end, turboprop-powered Piper Meridian and the Piper Mirage. Piper already has announced that it has 100 orders for the Matrix. [cite web |url = http://www.avweb.com/news/aopa/AOPAExpo2007_PiperMalibuMatrix_Mirage_196304-1.html |title = Piper's New Matrix: A Deflated Mirage |date = October 5, 2007 |author = Paul Bertorelli |accessdate = 2007-10-11 ] [cite web |url = http://www.aero-news.net/index.cfm?ContentBlockID=8fd63be7-3ae9-4626-9424-d4e61e2a5bf3 |title = Piper Unveils A Malibu For The Masses... The Matrix|date = October 4, 2007 |author = Aero-News |accessdate = 2007-10-11 ]

External links

* [http://www.piper.com/ Official Company Website]
* [http://www.piper.com/piperjet/ Official PiperJet Website]
* [http://www.prnewswire.com/mnr/carlisle/25816/ Piper unveils the revolutionary PiperJet]

References

*
*
* "Piper Aircraft and their forerunners", R.W.Peperell & Colin M.Smith, Air-Britain, Tonbridge Kent, 1987, ISBN 0-85130-149-5
* [http://www.americancapital.com/news/press_releases/pr/pr.cfm?p_pr=pr20030721a.html The New Piper Aircraft: Soaring High]

Museum displays

*Mid-Atlantic Air Museum, Reading, Pennsylvania::1936 Taylor (Piper) J2 Cub::1941 Piper NE-1 Cub::1950 PA-22 Tripacer::1953 L-21B Grasshopper::1961 PA-22-150 Caribbean::1972 PA-34-200 Seneca::1972 PA-23-250 Aztec::1978 PA-38-112 Tomahawk

External links

* [http://www.piper.com/ Piper website]
* [http://www.pipermuseum.com/ Piper Aviation Museum]
* [http://www.aircraft-info.net/aircraft/propellor_aircraft/piper/ Aircraft-Info.net - Piper]
* [http://www.icao.int/anb/ais/8643/8643_List2.cfm ICAO list of Piper Aircraft]
* [http://www.bangorpunta.com/Piper/ Bangor Punta Era Piper Aircraft]

See also

Piper's primary general aviation manufacturing "rivals":
*Beechcraft
*Cessna
*Cirrus
*Diamond
*Mooney Airplane Company


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