William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester


William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester

Infobox_succession_combo
subject_name = Sir William Fitz Robert


image_caption =
date_of_birth = birth date|1116|11|23|df=y
place_of_birth =
date_of_death = death date and age|1183|11|23|1116|11|23|df=y
place_of_death =
office = 2nd Earl of Gloucester
years = 1147-1183|
preceded = Sir Robert de Caen
succeeded = John de Mortain

William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (died 1183) was the son and heir of Sir Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester, and Mabel of Gloucester, daughter of Robert Fitzhamon.

Lineage

His father was an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, thus William was a nephew of the Empress Maud and a cousin of King Stephen, the principal combatants of the English Anarchy period.

Early career

In October 1141, William looked after the Baronial estates, when his father fell into the hands of partisans at Winchester. His father was exchanged for King Stephen, and during his father's absence in Normandy in 1144 he served as Governor of Wareham. In 1147, he overthrew Henry de Tracy at Castle Cary.

In 1154 he made an alliance with Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, by which they agreed to aid each other against all men except Henry II of England.

He was Lord of the manor of Glamorgan, as well as Caerleon, residing chiefly at Cardiff Castle. It was there that in 1158 he and his wife and son were captured by the Welsh Lord of Senghenydd, Ifor Bach ("Ivor the Little") and carried away into the woods, where they were held as prisoners until the Earl redressed Ivor's grievances.

Relationship with King Henry II

In 1173 the earl took the King's part against his sons, but thereafter he appears to have fallen under suspicion, for the following year he submitted to the King, and in 1175 surrendered to him Bristol Castle. Because his only son and heir Robert died in 1166, Earl William made John, the younger son of King Henry II, heir to his earldom, in conformity with the King's promise that John should marry one of the Earl's daughters, if the Church would allow it, they being related in the third degree.

Earl William was present in March 1177 when the King arbitrated between the Kings of Castile and Navarre, and in 1178, he witnessed Henry's charter to Waltham Abbey. But during the King's struggles with his sons, when he imprisoned a number of magnates of whose loyalty he was doubtful, Earl William was among them.

Family and children

He was married Hawise de Beaumont of Leicester, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester and Amica de Gael and had children:
# Robert FitzRobert (1151, Cardiff, Glamorganshire – 1166 Unmd Vp, Cardiff, Glamorganshire).
# Hadwisa/Avisa of Gloucester (circa 1152 – 1189). Married [ [http://www.josephsmithsr.com/josephsr/d0068/I169527.htm I169527: Geoffrey Fitzpiers DE MANDEVILLE (Abt 1160 - 2 Oct 1213) ] ] Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex de Mandeville, son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Lady Maud de Mandeville of Costow.
# Mabel FitzRobert of Gloucester (b. 1155); married 1.Amaury V de Montfort 2.Gruffudd ap Ifor Bach.
# Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (b. 1160, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire). Married Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford.
# Isabel of Gloucester (b. 1170, Gloucester). She was married three times:
## Prince John
## Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex.
## Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent.

The earl died on his birthday in 1183; his wife Hawise survived him. Since their only son, Robert, predeceased his father, their daughters became coheirs to the Gloucester inheritance.

Notes


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