- Hogg's Hollow Bridge
Hogg's Hollow Bridge is a set of four separate highway bridges that span the Don River Valley and carries the eastbound and westbound traffic of Highway 401, split into
collector and express lanes, in Toronto, Ontario.
With a 14-lane cross section (6 collector lanes, 8 express lanes), it is by far the busiest multi-span bridge in North America, surpassing the
Brooklyn Bridge. Fact|date=March 2008
The inner under deck
Truss bridges were constructed in 1929, as Avenue Road, and incorporated into the Highway 401 routing in the 1950s. It underwent a major rehabilitation in the early 1980s. Though the inner bridges are right next to each other, appearing as a single structure, there are two separate road decks.
The collector (outermost) spans are
Girder bridges were built in the late 1960s during the widening of Highway 401 to a collector-express system. A conventional lighting system with truss-neck poles was added to the bridges (and the rest of the widened 401) around this time.
The road surface and decks require constant maintenance due to the wear and tear from high traffic volumes. Since 2001, an Ontario tall-wall concrete barrier has replaced the steel guiderail in the median separating eastbound and westbound traffic. The late 1960s conventional truss lights have been replaced by high-mast lighting. Starting from 2002, the west bound collector lanes on the outer north bridge have also undergone rehabilitation (replacing road surface, guide rails and/or concrete barriers). The westbound collector traffic has been rehabilitated; the project included the north side outer bridge and the Yonge Street overpass. From 2006 to 2008, the eastbound collector lanes were re-built and the reconstruction stretched from east of Avenue Road all the way to Bayview Avenue, encompassing the south side outer bridge and Yonge Street overpass. This did not include the on ramp junction with Lord Seaton Road. The inner eastbound express lanes will be next on the re-construction process. Once completed, the entire bridge will use the Ontario tall wall barrier system.
Due to land constraints of the Valley and the need to accommodate the bridges, the adjacent interchange with
Yonge Streetis of a modified Parclo design instead of the typical Parclo A4 configuration used on most Ontario freeway junctions. The interchange is also one of the narrower points of Highway 401's collector-express system, not just because of the bridges but also because of the suburbs east of Yonge Street (which forced the province to expropriate land in order to expand that segment of Highway 401). Although there is a total of 14 lanes of traffic on the four bridges, there are only 12 through lanes that cross Yonge Street, as the offramps and onramps default onto the main lanes instead of being additional de-acceleration and acceleration lanes.
At the foot of the bridges is the Earl Bales Park and Ski Centre in the north and "Don Valley
Golf Course" to the south, both owned by the City of Toronto.An access road branches off from the westbound on ramp and travels downward to the valley below and ends in a cul-de-sac just south of the eastbound collector lanes. It is closed to regular vehicular traffic and used by MTO maintenenance crews (and their contractors).
The bridges can be clearly seen from
Yonge Streetlooking northwest and north of York Mills Roadand Wilson Avenue.
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Toronto,+ON&ie=UTF8&ll=43.749273,-79.413557&spn=0.01919,0.024676&t=k&z=15 Google Maps link to satellite image of Hogg's Hollow Bridge]
structure = Bridges
Don River (Toronto)
bridge = Hogg's Hollow Bridge
bridge signs =
Sheppard Avenue Bridge
upstream signs =
downstream signs =
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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