"dablink|"For the municipality in the Philippines, see Kananga, Leyte. For the villain in the James Bond film Live and Let Die, see Dr. Kananga.""

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Kananga
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pushpin_label_position =bottom
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Democratic Republic of the Congo
subdivision_type = Country
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subdivision_name1 = Kasai Occidental Province
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population_as_of =2004
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population_total =1,130,000
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Kananga, formerly (and on some company names) known as Luluabourg or Luluaburg, is the capital of the Lulua province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a population of 1,130,100 (2004).

The city lies near the Lulua River - a tributary of the Kasai River and the IleboLubumbashi railway. An important commercial and administrative centre, it is home to a museum and to Kananga Airport.


German explorer Hermann Wissmann established a station in the area around present-day Kananga, on the left-bank of the Lulua river. Wissmann named the station Malandji, a name suggested by his 400 carriers, who were from the city of Malanje in Angola. Later on, with the construction of the railway on the other bank of the river, the station was moved, and the Lulua train station gave its name to the new town, namely Luluabourg. The old location is named Malandji-Makulu (old Malandji) to this day.

At the Brussels Round Table in 1960, the name given to the negotiations for the independence of the (then) Belgian Congo , a decision was taken that the new state would move the location of its capital from Kinshasa to Kananga (then Luluabourg), due to the latter's central location. However, due to multiple political setbacks, and particularly the secession attempt by Albert Kalonji and his South Kasai, this decision was never implemented. When the central government reconquered South Kasai in 1962, Luluabourg became the capital of the new Kasai-Occidental province.

In 1966, in a move to reclaim the "authenticity" of Congolese identity, Mobutu Sese Seko renamed a number of cities and towns that bore European names. Leopoldville became Kinshasa, and Luluabourg became Kananga.

Under the 2006 constitution, the Democratic republic of the Congo was divided in 25 provinces, and one national Capital city (Kinshasa). The Kasai-Occidental was divided into two provinces. Kananga became the capital of the Lulua Province.

Locally, Kananga is known as Kananga-Malandji, or even Kananga-Malandji wa Nshinga. "Nshinga", or cables, stands for the large high-voltage cables of the Inga-Shaba project, that cross the skies of Kananga, and that link Kolwezi and the southern Katanga Province (post-2006, the Lualaba Province) to the Inga Dam in Kongo Central.


* Kananga (as Luluabourg) was the site of the drafting of the first Congolese-written constitution for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 1964.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kananga — Kananga …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kananga — (anc. Luluabourg) v. du S. de la rép. dém. du Congo, sur la Lulua; 938 000 hab.; ch. l. de la province du Kasaï Occidental. Marché agricole. Centrale hydroélectr. Industries …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kananga — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kananga (homonymie). Ville de Kananga Luluabourg, Luluaburg Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kananga — La ciudad congoleña de Kananga es una ciudad ubicada en la zona sur, cerca de la frontera con Angola, en las márgenes del río Lulua. Sus coordenadas geográficas son 05°53′28″S 22°23′46″E /  5.89111 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kananga — Original name in latin Kananga Name in other language KGA, Kananga, Kanange, Lulua, Luluabourg, Кананга State code CD Continent/City Africa/Lubumbashi longitude 5.89624 latitude 22.41659 altitude 643 Population 463546 Date 2012 06 05 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kananga — /keuh nahng geuh/, n. a city in central Zaire. 595,954. Formerly, Luluabourg. * * * ▪ Democratic Republic of the Congo formerly (until 1972)  Luluabourg         city, south central Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo), situated just east of… …   Universalium

  • Kananga — Kanạnga,   Hauptstadt der Region West Kasai, Kongo (Kinshasa), 393 000 Einwohner; Sitz eines katholischen Erzbischofs; Regionalmuseum (traditionelle afrikanische Kunst); Handelszentrum eines Baumwollanbaugebiets am mittleren Lulua; Textil und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kananga — or formerly Luluabourg geographical name city S central Democratic Republic of the Congo population 371,862 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kananga — ► C. del centro S de Zaire, cap. de la región de Kasai Occidental; 301 349 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kananga — Luluabourg stor …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione