company_name = Hummer
slogan = Like nothing else.
company_type = Division of GM
foundation = 1992
products = (H1)
pickup truck, SUV (H2, H3), Sport utility vehicles
homepage = [http://www.Hummer.com www.hummer.com]
Hummer is a
brandof off-road vehiclessold by General Motors, also known as GM. The H1 version was based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle(HMMWV, or Humvee). The H2 and the H3 were introduced as smaller civilian market versions.
Hummers were originally built by
AM GeneralCorporation, which was formerly AMC Jeep's General Products division [ [http://www.humvee.net/misc/history.html The History of AM General ] ] , in its South Bend, Indianaassembly plant. AM General had planned to sell a civilian version of the Hum-Vee as far back as the late 1980s. In 1990, two matching white Hum-Vees were driven from Londonto Beijingover the rough roads of central Soviet Union. The Hummers made the trip with ease, for they were built to drive on off-road terrain. The highlights of this journey were broadcast in the United Stateson ESPN. This publicity would pale in comparison to the attention that the HMMWV received for its service in the following year.
In 1992, AM General began selling a civilian version of the M998
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle(HMMWV or Hum-Vee) vehicle to the public under the brand name "Hummer".
In 1998, AM General sold the brand name to General Motors, but continued to manufacture the vehicles. GM is responsible for the marketing and distribution of all Hummers produced by AM General. In the next few years, GM introduced two new homegrown models, the H2 and H3, and renamed the original vehicle H1. AM General continued to build the H1 until it was discontinued in 2006, [ [http://news.moneycentral.msn.com/ticker/article.asp?Symbol=US:GM&Feed=AP&Date=20060512&ID=5717547>1=8181 Page expired - MSN Money ] ] and is contracted by GM to produce the H2. The H3 is built in Shreveport, LA alongside the
Chevrolet Coloradoand GMC Canyon pickups, with which it shares the GMT-355 platform (custom modified and designated GMT-345).
As of 2006, Hummer has gone international with selected importers and distributors in
Europeand other markets.
October 10 2006, GM has been producing the Hummer H3 at its Port Elizabethplant in South Africafor international markets. [ [http://www.media.gm.com/servlet/GatewayServlet?target=http://image.emerald.gm.com/gmnews/viewmonthlyreleasedetail.do?domain=3&docid=29577 GM Media Online ] ] Hummers at the Port Elizabeth plant are built both for local South African consumption and exported to Australiain the 2008 model year. In Europe, the Middle East, and Japan, the H3 is also already available. As of October 2006, Hummer vehicles are marketed by about 300 dealers in 34 countries. 173 of those are in the U.S.
The H2 is also assembled in
Kaliningrad, Russia, by Avtotor, starting in June 2004. The plant produces a few hundred vehicles annually, and its output is limited to local consumption (five dealers in Russia initially).
Rick Wagonerhas said the Hummer brand of trucks will run on Biofuel Powertrains at last year'sclarifyme Los Angeles International Auto Show.
The new 2008 model of the H2 boasted all new interior and a new more powerfull engine.
The future of the Hummer brand is in doubt. On Tuesday 3 June 2008, one day prior to GM's annual shareholder meeting, CEO Rick Wagoner said the brand is being reviewed, and has the possibility of either being sold, having the production line completely redesigned, or being discontinued. [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/06/03/AR2008060300979.html?hpid=topnews GM Closing 4 Truck and SUV Plants in North America - washingtonpost.com ] ] This is due to the decreasing demand for large SUVs as a result of higher oil prices. Almost immediately after the announcement, a pair of Indian automakers, one of them Mahindra & Mahindra, have expressed interest in purchasing all or part of Hummer. [ [http://www.autotrends.org/indian-automakers-eyeing-hummer/ Indian Automakers Eyeing Hummer? ] ]
As of August 2008, Hummer is the only brand in the United States whose entire model range lineup comes standard with a low-range transfer case, relatively high-ground clearance, and off-road tires. Additionally, no two-wheel drive Hummers are offered at this time.
Team Hummer Racing was created in 1993 and showcases the Hummer's abilities. Led by off-road racing legend Rod Hall, Team HUMMER competes in the Stock classes of both BitD and SCORE, which feature production-based vehicles with stock frames, stock suspension designs and production-based engines. Only specialized racing shock absorbers, tires and other minor modifications are allowed, along with the required supporting components and mandatory safety equipment. Minor modifications are allowed to the powertrain, although the rules stipulate it must be based on the stock engine and transmission combination.
The team's latest victories came in April 2008, when Team HUMMER swept the stock class races at the Terrible's Town 250.. [ [http://www.hummerguy.net/hummer-news/racing-with-team-hummer-the-results Racing with Team HUMMER: The Results ] ]
Team HUMMER has tallied one of the most impressive records in production-class racing, earning 11 class wins at the Baja 1000.
A highly modified, two-wheel drive Hummer was raced by
Robby Gordonin the 2006 and 2007 (8th place) Dakar Rally.
Hummer H1 compared with HMMWV
The Hummer H1 is basically a
HMMWVbuilt for civilian use; it has no armor or weapons fittings. However the powertrain, chassis, body, suspension, etc., are the same. The H1 differs from the HMMWV in having a civilian interior, including trim, comfortable seats, stereo radio, and air conditioningas standard options. As a result of its commercial use, features introduced in the civilian Hummer have been incorporated into improved military versions. The H1's electrical system is 12- volt, with the two batteries wired in parallel. The HMMWV runs on a 24-volt system, where the two batteries are run in series.
Since all Hummer vehicles have heavy-duty capabilities, they have been employed by owners for aid in large disaster situations. [http://www.hummerhope.com Hummer Owners Prepared for Emergencies (HOPE)] was created by the efforts of The Hummer Club, INC. and the American Red Cross. Together, the two organizations train Hummer owners with
CPRand First Aid skills, and basic off-highway skills so that they may assist victims during a disaster situation. GM paid the Red Cross $4 million to participate in the organization. [ [http://www.redcross.org/article/0,1072,0_312_3649,00.html HUMMER Owners Become Unique Disaster Volunteers ] ]
GM has been very active and effective in licensing the Hummer. Various companies have licensed the Hummer trademarks for use on colognes, flashlights, bicycles [ [http://www.hummerbikes.com Hummer Bikes ] ] , shoes, coats, hats, laptops [ [http://www.hummerlaptops.com HUMMER® Laptops. This product has been decomissioned ] ] , clothing, CD players and other items. [ [http://www.hummerstuff.com Hummerstuff.com ] ]
Starting in the early Nineties, when AM General started selling to the civilian market, Hummers began making appearances in the Film and Television industry. Some earlier and noticeable appearances include "
seaQuest DSV" which used the Hummer H1in place of Humvees, and "Earth 2" which featured a large, " solar-powered" Hummer Concept truck as their main mode of conveyance. More recently noticeable appearances include "", being driven by the chief of the crime lab Lt. Horatio Caine(played by David Caruso), during the 6th season of CSI: MIAMI, they received all new 2008 H2's with redesigned interior and in the 2007 "Transformers" movie the Autobotknown as Ratchet transforms into a search and rescue Hummer H2.
Criticism of Hummers includes all the criticism of SUVs in general, although at a higher degree. See
Criticism of sport utility vehicles.
Specific extra criticisms of Hummers include:; Poor fuel economy: Even compared to other heavy passenger vehicles, Hummers have very poor fuel economy. Because the H2 is built to the over-8500-lb GVW class, its fuel economy is neither published by the EPA nor counted toward Corporate Average Fuel Economy. [ [http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/suv/112_0208_2003_hummer_h2_road_test/fuel_economy.html "Road Test: 2003 Hummer H2: a tweaked Tahoe or the real thing?", Motor Trend magazine] , retrieved on
2008-06-23.] For instance, H2 in one engine configuration averages about convert|14|mpgus|L/100 km mpgimp|abbr=on on highways, convert|10|mpgus|L/100 km mpgimp|abbr=on in the city, and has a curb weight of over convert|6000|lb|kg|abbr=on, making it technically illegal for use on some streets. [ [http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/suv/112_0208_2003_hummer_h2_road_test/overview.html "Road Test: 2003 Hummer H2, Overview", Motor Trend magazine] , retrieved on 2008-06-23.] ; Safety: Crash data for Hummers is less complete than for other SUVs. Because of its weight, it takes longer and further to stop in emergency braking situations. As a Class 3 truck, Hummers are exempt from many DOT safety regulations. [http://4wheeldrive.about.com/od/highlightshummer/a/hummerhistory_4.htm Hummer FAQ - Little Known Facts About Hummer H1 and H2 Vehicles] ] The H1 lacks standard safety features, including child safety locks, child seat tethers, side air bags and stability control. Large blind spots make parking difficult and possibly dangerous.
;Size: Some Hummers are significantly bigger than other SUVs; this can cause problems parking, driving and fitting in a garage. [ [http://4wheeldrive.about.com/od/highlightshummer/a/hummerhistory_3.htm Hummer Cons: The Downsides Of Owning a Hummer H1 or H2 ] ]
;Safety and ecology: Safety and ecological perceptions from other road users has attracted a lot of criticism. [ [http://www.drive.com.au/Editorial/ArticleDetail.aspx?ArticleID=45990 Drive.com.au review] , with statements such as 'The mere mention of its name gets many people incandescent with rage'] ] [ [http://www.motorists.org/carfamily/home/h2-hummer-do-you-need-attention-this-badly/ H2 Hummer: Do You Need Attention This Badly? - The Car Family Reviews - National Motorists Association ] ] The Hummer (usually the H2) has been singled out and attacked as a symbol of ecological irresponsibility, sometimes using violent means. [ [http://www.bant-shirts.com/eco-terrorist-t-shirt.htm Eco T-shirts: Anti-Hummer, anti-4x4 t-shirt ] ] [ [http://www.outsidethebeltway.com/archives/2007/07/eco-terrorists_vandalize_hummer/ Eco-Terrorists Vandalize Hummer » Outside The Beltway | OTB ] ] [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/17/AR2007071701808.html Hummer Owner Gets Angry Message - washingtonpost.com ] ]
Review of the brand
GM undertook a "strategic review" of the
Hummerbrand which could have involved revamping the product line or selling the brand. [ [http://www.hummerguy.net/hummer-news/official-word-from-gm-regarding-hummer-brand-review Official Word from GM regarding HUMMER brand review ] ] [ [http://www.eere.energy.gov/news/archive.cfm/pubDate=%7Bd%20%272008%2D06%2D11%27%7D#11808 EERE News: EERE Network News - June 11, 2008 ] ] Although unlikely, it is also possible that brand could fold completely, as a result of high gas prices and environmental concerns making all large SUVs far less economically feasible and socially acceptable for many Americans.
On September 3rd, 2008, General Motors COO Fritz Henderson announced that he hoped to have the sale of the HUMMER brand complete by the end of 2008 or early 2009 at the latest. [ [http://www.hummerguy.net/hummer-news/gm-hopes-to-sell-hummer-by-early-2009 GM Hopes to Sell HUMMER by Early 2009 ] ] These statements effectively brought the strategic review to an end. [ [http://www.hummerguy.net/hummer-news/gm-ends-strategic-review-of-hummer-sale-imminent GM Ends Strategic Review of HUMMER, Sale Imminent ] ] At this time, GM has not announced any potential suitors, but has claimed "significant interest" in the brand. [ [http://www.hummerguy.net/hummer-news/gm-reiterates-hummer-has-interested-buyers GM Reiterates HUMMER has Interested Buyers ] ]
There are three current and possibly two future models in the HUMMER line:;Production models
* HUMMER H1 (discontinued)
**HUMMER H1 Alpha (discontinued)
* HUMMER H2
** HUMMER H2 SUT
* HUMMER H3
** HUMMER H3T
** HUMMER H3x
**HUMMER H3 Alpha;Concept vehicles
* HUMMER HX;Modified vehicles
* Hummer H6 [ [http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=109649#3 "Hummer H2 Gets "All Stretched Out" To Become the H6" Edmund's Inside Line, date posted: March 16, 2006] , retrieved on August 25, 2008.]
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle(Hum-Vee)
Toyota Mega Cruiser
* [http://www.amgeneral.com AM General official site]
* [http://www.hummer.com GM's HUMMER homepage]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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