- Tugu Negara
Tugu Negara, literally the ""National Monument" in Malay, is a sculpture that commemorates those who died in
Malaysia's struggle for freedom, principally against the Japanese occupation during World War IIand the Malayan Emergency, which lasted from 1948until 1960. It is located in the Federal capital, Kuala Lumpur. The Malaysian Houses of Parliamentis situated near the monument.
The monument depicts a group of
soldiersholding the Malaysian national flag, the "Jalur Gemilang", aloft. Each of the bronze figures symbolizes leadership, suffering, unity, vigilance, strength, courage and sacrifice.
Every year on July 31, "
Hari Pahlawan" (Heroes Day), the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the Prime Minister and heads of military and the police would pay their respects to the fallen heroes by laying garlands at the monument.
First National Monument
The original national monument was not the one in the form of human figures but was a
cenotaphthat was situated in the middle of a roundabout. The British administration set up the first monument, a 10m flat grass-covered ground to commemorate the wars and honour the fallen heroes from World War I, World War IIand the Malayan Emergency.
It was moved to the present site during a constructed of a
flyoverin 1964 connecting Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin and the Parliament roundabout. Therefore the original name for Jalan Tugu, where the Tugu Negara is currently situated, was Cenotaph Road.
On the monument, it is written “To Our Glorious Dead" with dates of the First World War (1914-1918), Second World War (1939-1945) and the Emergency (1948-1960).
econd National Monument
The monument was later replaced with the Tugu Negara, an idea mooted by Malaysia's first Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj and was commissioned in 1963.
The huge tall bronze figures of soldiers standing and supporting their fallen comrades, which is opposite Lake Gardens, are the work of sculptor Felix de Weldon, who also did Washington’s Iwo Jima Monument and it is regarded as the largest bronze monument grouping in the world.
The Tugu Negara was completed and officially opened on February 8, 1966, by the
Yang di-Pertuan Agong. It was proclaimed a memorial park dedicated to the 11,000 people who died during the 12-year Malayan Emergency(1948-1960). Thereafter, a wreath-laying ceremony takes place at the monument every July 31 on Warriors Day.
1966, the monument is 15 meters ( 49.21 feet) tall, made of bronze and was designed by Austrian sculptor Felix de Weldon, who was also responsible for the famed USMC War Memorialin Virginia, United States.
The granite base of the monument bears only inscriptions in English with
Roman scriptand Malay with Jawi script::"Dedicated to the heroic fighters in the cause of peace and freedom," :"May the blessing of Allah be upon them"
27 August 1975, the monument suffered extensive damage due to an explosion set off by a communist terrorist. It has since been restored to its original state on 11 May 1977. A fencewas then erected and the complex was declared a protected area between sunsetand dawn. Every day at dusk, a soldier raises the national flag and lowers it at dawn.
In the 1960s, Jalan Tugu was Cenotaph Road named after a monument that was located at the intersection of the road and Victory Avenue which is now called Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin.
Jalan Tugu now connects to the roundabout that leads to the KL KTM Station opposite the
Masjid Negaraor National Mosque.
Along the road you will find the Ministry of Health, Town and Rural Planning Department and Jalan Cenderasari, which leads to the various parks in
Kuala Lumpurlike the Bird Park, Lake Gardens and Butterfly Park.
* [http://www.nst.com.my/Weekly/Travel/article/TTales/20051115104243/Article/index_html In honour of our fallen heroes] , New Straits Times, December 16, 2005.
* [http://thestar.com.my/metro/story.asp?file=/2007/7/28/central/18405660&sec=central Monuments to honour the dead] , The Star, July 28, 2007.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of Malaysia-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Malaysia.Buildings and structures in Malaysia* Angkasapuri * Berjaya Times Square * Chin Swee Temple * Connaught Bridge Power Station * Kellie s Castle * Kelong * Kota Ngah Ibrahim * Malay houses * Malaysian… … Wikipedia
National Monument (Malaysia) — National Monument Tugu Negara The Malaysian National Monument General information Type Public monument Location … Wikipedia
Kuala Lumpur — Infobox Settlement official name = Kuala Lumpur native name = other name = كوالا لومڤور nickname = KL motto = Maju dan makmur ( en. Progress and Prosper) website = http://www.kualalumpur.gov.my/ imagesize = 275px |275px image pushpin pushpin… … Wikipedia
Kuala Lumpur — Territorio Federal de Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur (malayo latino) ولايه ڤرسكوتوان كوالا لومڤور (malayo jawi) 吉隆坡联邦直辖区 (chino simpl … Wikipedia Español
Felix de Weldon — Felix Weihs de Weldon (April 12, 1907–June 3, 2003) was an American sculptor. His most famous piece is the Marine Corps War Memorial of five U.S. Marines and one sailor raising the flag of the United States on Iwo Jima during World War… … Wikipedia
Kualalumpur — Lage Kuala Lumpurs Die Innenstadt von Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur (deutsch schlammige Flussmündung ; Jawi:كوالا لمڤور) ist die Hauptstadt Malaysias … Deutsch Wikipedia
MY-14 — Lage Kuala Lumpurs Die Innenstadt von Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur (deutsch schlammige Flussmündung ; Jawi:كوالا لمڤور) ist die Hauptstadt Malaysias … Deutsch Wikipedia
History of Malaysia — History of Malaysia … Wikipedia
Kuala Lumpur — Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kuala-Lumpur — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kuala. Kuala Lumpur Drapeau … Wikipédia en Français