- Massachusetts Provincial Congress
On May 20, 1774, the Parliament of Great Britain passed the Massachusetts Government Act in an attempt to better assert its authority in the often troublesome colony. In addition to annulling the provincial charter of Massachusetts, the act prescribed that effective August 1, the members of the Massachusetts Governor's Council would no longer be elected by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and would instead be appointed by the King and hold office at his pleasure.
In October 1774, Governor Thomas Gage canceled the scheduled meeting of the Massachusetts General Court because of political turmoil following the Government Act. The members of the House met anyway, adjourning to Concord and organizing themselves as a Provincial Congress on October 7, 1774. With John Hancock as its president, this extralegal body became the de facto government of Massachusetts outside of Boston. It assumed all powers to rule the province, collect taxes, buy supplies, and raise a militia. Hancock sent Paul Revere to the First Continental Congress with the news that Massachusetts had established the first autonomous government of the Thirteen Colonies (The North Carolina Provincial Congress met earlier than the Massachusetts Congress, although it could be argued that North Carolina's body did not establish an actual government until 1775).
The congress had to frequently move from town to town to avoid capture. It was superseded by the independent Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
- John Hancock (president)
- Joseph Warren (president)
- James Warren (president)
- Samuel Adams
- Dr. Alexander Campbell
- Benjamin Church
- David Cobb
- Col. Joseph Gerrish
- Elbridge Gerry
- Nathaniel Gorham
- Joseph Hawley
- William Heath
- Benjamin King
- Benjamin Lincoln
- Elias Lyman
- Samuel Osgood
- Samuel Phillips, Jr.
- Artemas Ward
- Bartius Harmond
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Massachusetts Provincial Congress — Le Massachusetts Provincial Congress, en français: Congrès de la Province du Massachusetts, (1774–1776) était le gouvernement provisoire de la Province de la baie du Massachusetts créé au début de la Révolution américaine. Le 20 mai 1774, le… … Wikipédia en Français
Provincial Congress — can refer to one of several extra legal legislative bodies established in some of the Thirteen Colonies early in the American Revolution. These bodies were generally renamed or replaced with other bodies when the provinces declared themselves… … Wikipedia
Massachusetts Line — American Revolutionary War Armed Forces … Wikipedia
Massachusetts State Navy — American Revolutionary War Armed Forces … Wikipedia
Massachusetts Government Act — The Massachusetts Government Act  was passed by the Parliament of Great Britain and became a law on May 20, 1774. The act is one of the Intolerable Acts (also Repressive Acts and/or the Coercive Acts), designed to suppress dissent and restore… … Wikipedia
Massachusetts — • One of the thirteen original United States of America. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts covers part of the territory originally granted to the Plymouth Company of England Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Massachusetts … Catholic encyclopedia
Massachusetts Archives — The Massachusetts Archives building … Wikipedia
Congress of the Philippines — Parliament of the Philippines redirects here. For historical Philippine parliaments, see Interim Batasang Pambansa and Regular Batasang Pambansa. Congress of the Philippines Kongreso ng Pilipinas 15th Congress of the Philippines Type Type … Wikipedia
Massachusetts Circular Letter — Paul Revere s engraving of British troops landing in Boston in resp … Wikipedia
Congrès de la Province du Massachusetts — Massachusetts Provincial Congress Le Massachusetts Provincial Congress, en français: Congrès de la Province du Massachusetts, (1774–1776) était le gouvernement provisoire de la Province de la baie du Massachusetts créé au début de la Révolution… … Wikipédia en Français