Sociomusicology refers to both an academic subfield of
sociologythat is concerned with music(often in combination with other arts), as well as a subfield of musicologythat focuses on social aspects of musical behavior and the role of music in society. Sociology (from Latin: "socius", "companion"; and the suffix "-ology", "the study of", from Greek λόγος, "lógos", "knowledge" Online Etymology Dictionary [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=sociology&searchmode=none] ] ) is the scientific or systematic study of society, including patterns of social relations, social stratification, social interaction, and culture["Dictionary of the Social Sciences", Article: Sociology] . Musicology (Greek: "μουσική" = "music" and "λόγος" = "word" or "reason"), on the other hand, is the scholarly study of music; However, the term is often used in a narrow sense, confined to the music history of Western cultural elites.
Since the field of musicology has tended to emphasize
historiographicand analytical/critical rather than sociological approaches to research, sociomusicology is still regarded as somewhat outside the mainstream of musicology. However, with the increased popularity of ethnomusicologyin recent decades (with which the field shares many similarities), as well as the development and mainstreaming of " New Musicology" (coinciding with the emergence of interdisciplinary Cultural Studiesin academia), sociomusicology is increasingly coming into its own as a fully established field.
The work of scholars in sociomusicology is often similar to
ethnomusicologyin terms of its exploration of the sociocultural context of music, however sociomusicology maintains relatively less of an emphasis on ethnic and national identity, and is not limited to ethnographic methods. Rather, sociomusicologists use a wide range of research methodsand take a strong interest in observable behavior and musical interactions within the constraints of social structure. Sociomusicologists are more likely than ethnomusicologists to make use of surveys and economic data, for example, and tend to focus on musical practices in contemporary industrialized societies.
Among the most notable of earlier sociologists to examine social aspects of music were
Georg Simmel(1858-1918), Alfred Schutz(1899-1959), Max Weber(1864-1920) and Theodor Adorno(1903-1969). Others have included Alphons Silbermann, Ivo Supicic, [http://www.academyofleisuresciences.org/memory.htm Max Kaplan] , K. Peter Etzkorn, Charles Seeger(1886-1979), Howard Saul Becker, Eli Siegmeister, Jacques Attali, John Mueller (1895-1965), [http://www.mdw.ac.at/ims/english/blaukopf_eng.html Kurt Blaukopf] and [http://www.musicgrooves.org/bios.php Charles Keil] .
More recently, notable sociomusicologists have included
* [http://www.equinoxjournals.com/ojs/index.php/Jazz/rt/bio/1715/0 Peter J. Martin]
* [http://www.carleton.ca/artandculture/music/shepherd.html John Shepherd]
* [http://www.music.unt.edu/musiced/froehlich.html Hildegard Froehlich]
* [http://www.robertchristgau.com/xg/rock/small-00.php Christopher Small]
* [http://www.sfu.ca/psyc/brown/publications.html Steven Brown]
* [http://www.esa-arts.net/conferences/rotterdam3nov2004/docs/Dowd.rtf Timothy Dowd]
* [http://www.surrey.ac.uk/Arts/CRONEM/seminar-24-03-22-Bennett.htm Andy Bennett]
* [http://www.smith.edu/music/faculty_waksman.php Steve Waksman] , and
* [http://www.umass.edu/sociol/faculty_staff/faulkner.html Robert Faulkner] .
Younger scholars whose work contributes to the field of sociomusicology include:
* [http://www.utm.utoronto.ca/~w3soc/Department/sbaumann.htm Shyon Baumann]
* [http://www.blogger.com/profile/09408859984544549259 David Hebert]
* [http://www.ssc.upenn.edu/soc/People/graziandavid.html David Grazian]
* [http://www.rider.edu/864_5758.htm Eric Hung] , and
* [http://soulimperialist.blogspot.com/ Joseph Schloss] .
* Adler, Guido (1885). Umfang, Methode und Ziel der Musikwissenschaft. Vierteljahresschrift für Musikwissenschaft, 1, 5-20.
* Honing, Henkjan (2006). "On the growing role of observation, formalization and experimental method in musicology." "Empirical Musicology Review", [https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/1811/21901/1/EMR000002a-honing.pdf 1/1, 2-5]
* Kerman, Joseph (1985). "Musicology." London: Fontana. ISBN 0-00-197170-0.
* McClary, Susan, and Robert Walser (1988). "Start Making Sense! Musicology Wrestles with Rock" in "On Record" ed. by Frith and Goodwin (1990), pp. 277-292. ISBN 0394564758.
* Middleton, Richard (1990/2002). "Studying Popular Music". Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.
* Pruett, James W., and Thomas P. Slavens (1985). "Research guide to musicology." Chicago: American Library Association. ISBN 0-8389-0331-2.
* [http://www3.niu.edu/popms/ Popular Music and Society]
* [http://www.jstor.org/journals/03515796.html International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music]
* [http://act.maydaygroup.org/ Action, Criticism, and Theory for Music Education]
* [http://www.ams-net.org The American Musicological Society] (Wikipedia entry)
* [http://www.music.indiana.edu/ddm/ Doctoral Dissertations in Musicology Online]
* [http://www.ams-net.org/musicology_www.html AMS: Web sites of interest to Musicologists]
* [http://www.american-music.org The Society for American Music]
* [http://www.ams-net.org/gradprog.php Graduate Programs in Musicology]
* [http://www-gewi.uni-graz.at/staff/parncutt/cim.htm Conference on Interdisciplinary Musicology]
* [http://webdb.iu.edu/sem/scripts/home.cfm Society for Ethnomusicology]
* [http://quote.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musicology Wikiquote - quotes about musicology]
* [http://www.asanet.org/ American Sociological Association (ASA)]
* [http://www.britsoc.co.uk/ British Sociological Association (BSA)]
* [http://www.valt.helsinki.fi/esa/ European Sociological Association (ESA)]
* [http://www.ucm.es/info/isa/ International Sociological Association (ISA)]
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