Hillsboro, North Dakota


Hillsboro, North Dakota

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hillsboro
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type = City
motto = “Home of the Burros”



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Traill County Courthouse in Hillsboro


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mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in North Dakota


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = North Dakota
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Traill
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Kevin Burg
leader_title1 =
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leader_title2 =
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established_title = First Settled
established_date = c. 1870
established_title2 = Founded as “Comstock”
established_date2 = 1880
established_title3 = Renamed “Hillsboro”
established_date3 = 1881
area_magnitude =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 2.8
area_land_km2 = 2.8
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 1.1
area_land_sq_mi = 1.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0
area_water_percent = 0
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 1563
population_density_sq_mi = 1420.9
population_metro =
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timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 47 |latm = 24 |lats = 14 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 3 |longs = 38 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 276
elevation_ft = 906
postal_code_type = ZIP Code
postal_code = 58045
area_code = 701
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 38-38100GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1029457GR|3
website = http://www.hillsborond.com/
footnotes =

Hillsboro is a city in Traill County, North Dakota in the United States. It is the county seat of Traill County.GR|6 The population was 1,563 at the 2000 census. Hillsboro was founded in 1881.

Hillsboro sits in the fertile Red River Valley. Local agriculture has dominated the area's economy from the beginning. With its location on Interstate 29, halfway between the two metropolitan centers of Greater Grand Forks and Fargo-Moorhead, Hillsboro has seen steady population growth in recent years and has become somewhat of a bedroom community.

Hillsboro is known for having the oldest weekly newspaper in the state, the "Hillsboro Banner".

History

The area along the Goose River that is now Hillsboro was first settled by German and Norwegian settlers around 1870. In 1880, the present day site of Hillsboro was founded under the name "Comstock". Local folklore tells of the residents of nearby Caledonia, North Dakota turning away a shabby surveyor because of his appearance. This man was then offered hospitality by residents in the tiny settlement of Comstock. The man turned out to be railroad baron James J. Hill.

Hill was so impressed by the kindness showed to him by the residents of this small community that he decided to place his Great Northern Railroad there instead of in Caledonia. The name of Comstock was changed to "Hill City" in September 1880 in honor of Mr. Hill. The city was then renamed "Hillsboro" in 1881 after it was discovered that there was already a "Hill City" in South Dakota.

In 2006, Hillsboro celebrated its 125th birthday.

Geography

Hillsboro is located at coor dms|47|24|14|N|97|3|38|W|city (47.403960, -97.060531).GR|1

Hillsboro sits on the banks of the Goose River in eastern North Dakota. Located in the center of the fertile Red River Valley, the area around Hillsboro is prime agricultural land and very flat.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²), all land.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1920= 1183
1930= 1317
1940= 1338
1950= 1331
1960= 1278
1970= 1309
1980= 1600
1990= 1488
2000= 1563
estimate= 1508
estyear= 2006
estref=Fact|date=March 2008

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,563 people, 679 households, and 414 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,460.6 people per square mile (564.0/km²). There were 727 housing units at an average density of 679.4/sq mi (262.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.82% White, 0.19% African American, 2.05% Native American, 2.11% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.93% of the population.

There were 679 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,516, and the median income for a family was $42,357. Males had a median income of $30,607 versus $19,769 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,976. About 6.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The economy of Hillsboro, like so many other small, rural towns in North Dakota, is heavily dependent on agriculture. When local farmers have a bad harvest, the Hillsboro economy can also suffer. In turn, when the harvest is good, Hillsboro usually prospers. One of the more obvious effects the agricultural community has had on Hillsboro is found at the Crystal Sugar sugar beet plant directly north of town. The large plant, located on U.S. Highway 81, has been responsible for both an increase in population and a steady stream of available jobs during the last few decades that it has been open.

In recent years, Hillsboro has become a bedroom community for the Greater Grand Forks and Fargo-Moorhead metropolitan areas. This has led to an increase in both population and home construction. However, the local business community has, for the most part, not reaped the benefits of the growth. Many Hillsboro residents pass up Hillsboro stores and restaurants in favor of the better selections available in the Grand Forks and Fargo areas. The once bustling downtown area (centered at the intersection of Caledonia Avenue and Main Street) has become filled with empty storefronts.

Education

The Hillsboro Public Schools system provides residents with an elementary school and a high school.

Hillsboro High School's athletic teams are known as "The Burros", which makes their mascot the donkey. The high school does not offer Advanced Placement classes, but has a dual credit program through Lake Region State College. These classes are worth college credit at most in-state colleges and universities.

In 2003, 40% of students met or exceeded grade-level standards in Math, and 76% of students met or exceeded grade-level standards in English, above-average when compared to the state average of 39% and 61%, respectively.


=High school championships=

*State Class 'B' boys basketball: 1973, 1974, 1977, 1981

*State Class 'B' girls basketball: 1984

*State Class 'B' volleyball: 2000, 2006

*State Class 'B' boys baseball: 1967, 1968

*State Class 'B' girls gymnastics: 1977

Culture

Recreation

The city of Hillsboro operates a large park on the north side of town. Woodland City Park sits on the banks of the Goose River. It offers a public swimming pool and scenic views of a dam on the river. For many years, there has also been a group of deer living in a penned in area of the park. The Goose River Golf Club sits directly north of town.

Media

The local paper is the weekly "Hillsboro Banner". The "Banner" has been published continuously since 1879, making it the oldest weekly newspaper in the state of North Dakota. Hillsboro has no radio stations of its own. Nearby stations include KMAV 105.5 FM and 1520 AM in nearby Mayville and KRJB 106.3 FM in Ada, Minnesota. Residents have access to radio stations and network affiliates from both Grand Forks and Fargo.

ites of interest

*The Plummer House - a historic 1897 mansion that has been converted to a museum and restored to its turn of the century elegance
*Pioneer Museum - museum complex featuring::*Centennial Building - military, school, and pioneer collections:*Pioneer Building - agriculture collection:*St. Olaf Chapel - newly constructed church that resembles small, rural Churches that typify the Red River Valley:*Log Cabin - a log cabin built on the banks of the Red River of the North in the 1870s

Transportation

Residents of Hillsboro have easy access to major population centers via Interstate 29. The Interstate runs on the western edge of the community and there is an interchange (Caledonia Avenue) that connects the Interstate to Hillsboro. U.S. Highway 81 runs through the community and also connects Hillsboro to Grand Forks and Fargo.

Like so many towns in the American Midwest, Hillsboro's streets are aligned in the grid pattern. In Hillsboro, routes that run north to south are called "streets" and routes that run east to west are called "avenues".

Hillsboro is located on the railroad, but, unlike in the town's early years, the railroad no longer provides freight service because the grain elevators of the town have been shut down. There is also a small airport south of town with a landing strip which provides an area for crop dusters or small private airplanes to stop. However, residents have to travel either to Grand Forks or Fargo in order to take regularly scheduled flights to major airports.

Notable natives

*Terry Dullum - longtime reporter and anchor at WDAZ-TV in nearby Grand Forks
*Elmore Y. Sarles - 9th Governor of North Dakota

References

External links

* [http://www.hillsborond.com/ City of Hillsboro official website]
* [http://www.hillsborobanner.com/ "Hillsboro Banner" website]
* [http://www.hillsboro.k12.nd.us/ Hillsboro Public Schools website]


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