- Kirpal Singh (spy)
Kirpal Singh was a soldier of the
British Indian Armywho is best known for his role in passing on to the Punjab CID the intelligence on the date of the Ghadar Conspiracyin February 1915 during World War I.Harvnb|Hopkirk|2001|p=82.] Harvnb|Strachan|2001|p=796.] Harvnb|Rai|1966|p=239.] The CID recruited the services of Kirpal Singh in early 1915 following the reports and intelligence it received on the proposed plans for instigating revolt in the British Indian Armyin Punjab. Singh, who had a Ghadarite cousin serving in the 23rd Cavalry, was able to infiltrate the leadership, being assigned to work in his cousin's regiment. Singh was soon under suspicion of being a spy, but was able to pass on the information regarding the date and scale of the uprising to British Indian intelligence.Harvnb|Popplewell|1995|p=173.] As the date for the mutiny approached, a desperate Rash Behari Bose brought forward the D-day to the evening of 19 February, which was discovered by Kirpal Singh on the very day. No attempts were made by the Ghadarites to restrain him, and he rushed to inform Liaqat Khan of the change of plans. Ordered back to his station to signal when the revolutionaries had assembled, Singh was detained by the would-be mutineers, but managed to make good his escape under the cover of answering the call of nature.
* Harvard reference
Surname1 = Dignan
Given1 = Don
Year = 1983
Title = The Indian revolutionary problem in British Diplomacy,1914-1919
Publisher = New Delhi, Allied Publishers
Surname1 = Fraser
Given1 = Thomas G.
Year = 1977
Title = Germany and Indian Revolution, 1914-18. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Apr., 1977), pp. 255-272
Publisher = Sage Publications
ID = ISSN: 00220094.
Surname1 = Hopkirk
Given1 = Peter
Year = 2001
Title = On Secret Service East of Constantinople
Publisher = Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN = 0192802305.
Surname1 = Strachan
Given1 = Hew
Year = 2001
Title = The First World War. Volume I: To Arms
Publisher = Oxford University Press. USA
Surname1 = Popplewell
Given1 = Richard J.
Year = 1995
Title = Intelligence and Imperial Defence: British Intelligence and the Defence of the Indian Empire 1904-1924.
URL = http://www.routledge.com/shopping_cart/products/product_detail.asp?sku=&isbn=071464580X&parent_id=&pc=
Publisher = Routledge
ISBN = 071464580X.
Surname1 = Rai
Given1 = Lajpat
Year = 1966
Title = Lala Lajpat Rai: Writings and Speeches
Publisher = University Publications
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