- Single-letter second-level domains
Single-letter second-level domains are
domain names in which the second-level domainconsists of only one letter, such as x.org. Such domains are rare, due to the fact that on December 1 1993, The Internet Assigned Numbers Authorityexplicitly reserved all single-letter and single-digit second-level domain names in the top-level domains .com, .net, and .org. This was done in case the registries for these domains became overloaded. In December 2005, ICANNconsidered auctioning off their domains.
Active single-letter domains
However, the few such domains that were already assigned were not recalled; They were grand-fathered in and therefore were not affected by the restrictions that have existed since.
Of the above addresses, as of May 2008 only two, x.org and i.net, actually host a Web site directly in the single-letter domain in question. Three others redirect to sites in different domains, and one, q.net does not appear to be active for Web use.
Two-letter domain names
Two-letter domain names are also restricted to prevent confusion with country-codes. However, this restriction was enacted long after domain names became popular, so there are many existing registrations in the old top-level domains, though they are prevented in most of the new ones such as
.info. Several notable examples are un.org, ba.com, dj.com, st.com, pp.es and sf.net.
In some new TLDs, special exceptions were made to permit two-letter domains for particular purposes; for instance, in the
.aerodomain the domains are reserved for airlines identified by their two-letter codes, such as aa.aero for American Airlines.
With the 2005 announcement that registration of the remaining single-letter names might become available, some companies have begun jockeying into position to claim them by claiming to own trademark rights over single letters used in such a context. U Magazine, a college oriented publication, has gone so far as to re-brand its Web site as "U.com", with a ™ sign, in online logos and captions [http://www.colleges.com/Umagazine/] even though it is not actually at that address; and they have sent a [http://www.icann.org/correspondence/martens-to-jeffrey-12dec05.pdf letter] to ICANN attempting to jump the queue for registration of this name.
In other cases, domain registrations for single letters have been granted and then revoked. One case is with e.com that was granted to an individual in November 1999 and then revoked in January 2000.Fact|date=March 2008
* [http://www.icann.org/tlds/agreements/unsponsored/registry-agmt-appk-26apr01.htm ICANN - Reserved domain names]
* [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10241772/ MSN]
* [http://www.vb.com/short.htm VB - list of large companies using two letter domains]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Single-letter second-level domain — Single letter second level domains are domain names in which the second level domain consists of only one letter, such as x.com. In 1993, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) explicitly reserved all single letter and single digit second … Wikipedia
Second-level domain — In the Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy, a second level domain (SLD) is a domain that is directly below a top level domain (TLD). For example, in wikipedia.org, wikipedia is the second level domain of the .org TLD.Second level domains commonly… … Wikipedia
.us — Introduced 1985 TLD type Country code top level domain Status Active Registry Neustar Sponsor United States Department of Commerce Intended use … Wikipedia
.nf — Infobox Top level domain name=.nf background=#CCF introduced=1996 type=Country code top level domain status=Active registry=Norfolk Island Internet Registry sponsor=Norfolk Island Data Services intendeduse=Entities connected with Norfolk Island… … Wikipedia
Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… … Universalium
Domain name — A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control in the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System (DNS). Domain names are used in… … Wikipedia
Domain Name System — The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the… … Wikipedia
International recognition of Kosovo — Kosovo This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Kosovo Political status of Kosovo Declaration of independence … Wikipedia
.aero — Introduced March 17, 2002 TLD type Sponsored top level domain Status Active Registry SITA INC B.V. (registry agreement ends in December, 2005 and new registry operator is … Wikipedia
Attenuator (genetics) — The attenuator plays an important regulatory role in prokaryotic cells because of the absence of the nucleus in prokaryotic organisms. The attenuator refers to a specific regulatory sequence that, when transcribed into RNA, forms hairpin… … Wikipedia