- Professional revolutionaries
The concept of professional revolutionaries, alternatively called cadre, is in origin a
Leninistconcept used to describe a body of devoted communistswho spend the great majority of their time organizing their party toward proletarian revolution. This core is usually very small, and as a consequence is sometimes cited for being the cause of the return to capitalismof the so-called ' Communist states'. Most Marxistsargue that a cadre core is necessary in one form or another. Trotskyistsdo not believe that professional revolutionaries or vanguardismare to blame from the eventual totalitariannature of the Soviet Union, its satellite states, and the People's Republic of China. Instead they cite Stalinismas the cause, coupled with an unprepared proletariat. In Lenin's original work the purpose of the cadre is to educate the masses and essentially bring the entire population to the level of "professional revolutionaries".
Basing themselves on
What is to be Done?, the pamphlet that bore the idea, Trotskyists and other communists today advocate for a "mass party" with a membership of millions of working classpeople, thereby maximizing, in their view, direct participation in the revolution and the subsequent revolutionary government.
Professional Revolutionarya documentary about American Communist Saul Wellman.
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